« PreviousContinue »
by several chiefs.
CHA P. Count) was noted in his journal, February 2d 1775,
when he mentions his determination to take advantage of it, and to conduct that brave and generous nation to a civilized
state, and the establishment of a solid and a permanent goledged suchvernment, founded on national liberty. At the same time,
he laments the blindness of the French minister to the true
made their submission, and swore allegiance.
cognizance of the Count's proceedings. They digested
signation, with which they failed for the Isle de France. Interesting 287. The queries and answers, I think, may fairly particulars.
be considered as forming an authentic official document;
* The only statement of receipts and disbursements, inserted in the work before me, is that which the Count transmitted to the French ministry on the 22d March,
1776, in sugar, indigo, cotton, &c. amounted to 940,000 li- C HA P. vres, and that they can raise 123,000 warriors; that they willingly grant lands to the French, who would be welcome Madagasand fafe throughout the whole island, provided no impolitic and imprafticable attempts were made to deprive the ria. tives of their liberties, of which M. de Laly and other French officers had given them too much reason to be jeaYous; that they are industrious, and example would make them more so, are imitators and disposed to learn trades, being already tolerable goldsmiths, potters, turners, carpenters, weavers, &c. but their “ most respected bufiness is the manufacture of iron and steel. They are very expert in fufing the ore anđ în forging utensils;" (See $ 71) that their houses are of wood, sometimes covered with
340,398 9 11 • This sum is not neat profit. The result of this account is, that the colony coft the French Livi 455,650 2 8 and Liv. 245,000 (which he advanced) making together Liv. 700,650 2 8. This is not equal to the whole charge or Liv. 854,252 18. But the colony paid the difference, Liv. 153,562 15 4, and also supplied the I. de France and the king's ship's with Liv. 286,835 11 7 This laft fum is the only' return, and if taken from the whole sum advanced, will leave Liv. 413,814, 10, or the balance due to the French government, at this period of the undertaking:-Note of the editor.
CH A P. leaves, all neat, and those of the Rohandrians, elegant ;
that they raise good crops of rice, have vast numbers of oxen, sheep, goats and poultry, and trade considerably, in produce with the Arabians, &c. that the whole east coast affords very few slaves, a trade in whom it would be necessary to prohibit; that, in ten years, a colony might be established in Madagascar, on the plan stated below*. For other particulars, I must refer to the work itself.
* The Count, in his answer to the 25th query of the commissaries, states his plan, the substance of which is, that, if the king supply 600 men, and 200 men at the end of each of the two following years, permitting him to chuse husbandmen in the troop, to marry with the women of the country, unrestrained on account of religion; and also to import annually 200 foundlings, 12 or 14 years of age, and likewife Malabar and Chinese families: in this case, a colony would, at the end of three years, be formed, which, connected with all Madagascar, would begin to have some value. The expense would not exceed a million (of livres) per year, exclusive of the expense of a vessel of 600 tons, another of 200, and 6 galliots, for transports and the communication of posts. At the end of three years, the colony would support itself, and increase, by the product of it's united capital of Liv. 3,000,000, till the tenth year, when it would be sufficiently strong to fear no sudden revolution, and be able, by it's commerce (which the Count seems all along to view as a secondary object, to be promoted by no other means than the cultivation of the country. See particularly, vol. 2. p. 249, 254) to reimburse the expenses of it's establishment.
The Count's eftinate at p. 347 vol. 2. differs from the above; probably because he had not sufficiently considered it. The title of the paper, of which it is a part, fhows what were his views, and makes it probable, that the paper, itself was never presented officially to any minister; for it is not dated,"Reflections upon the proje&t of a colony at Madagascar, in case any power should adopt the system of civilization, founded on the basis of an alliance." of the estimate, which forms the first article, the following is an abstract.—The colony of Madagascar may be formed, in ten years, with Liv. 3,000,000 and 720 military sent the first year; 200 yearly for the ed and 3d years; and 150 yearly for the 7 following years; exclusive of an annual impor:ation, for the whole 10 years, of 120 European husbandmen, 30 creoles, and 50
natives of India or China. In all, about 4170 persons who, says the Count, “ will annually produce 600 children, the total of whom, at the end of the tenth year,
The C. re
288. But the Count, on quitting the French service, does C H A 7. not seem to have abandoned his prospects in Madagascar. Several chiefs, he tells us, required him to assume the government. Accordingly, a congress was summoned, and on the oth of Oct. 1776, the Count actually saw above thir- figns his Fr. ty princes and chiefs, and at least 50,000 of their people and is de prostrated before him, as their liege lord. The oath (or clared Am
pansacabe. rather engagement) indited by the chiefs, in their own language, having been thrice read aloud, was signed, in name of the nation, by Hiavi, King of the East; Lambouin, King of the North; and Raffangour, Rohandrian of the Sambarives. Instead of an appeal to Heaven, it contained this remarkable sanction, “ Cursed be our children who shall Singular not obey our present will.—May the most horrid slavery the chief's confound them.” They acknowledge, however, and adore Oath. one God, the Creator and Preserver of all things; for Raf. Natives ac
knowledge fangour, an aged chief, opened this meeting, with a short, but truly eloquent speech, which began thus, “ Blessed be
will amount to 6000 creoles, and 3370 Europeans, a sufficient number to fix the epoch
power him to
C HA P. Zahanhar (God), who has returned to his people. Blessed be
the law of our fathers, which commands us to obey a chief
289. On the 23d of Oct. the same three chiefs, iņ name
of the “ kings, princes, chiefs and people of the north and
Count, as their Lord Ampansacabe, to go to Europe, and
290. On the 14th of Dec. 1776, the Count, having assisted
each other, in the name of Zahanhar.
* This place is often mentioned in the Count's journal, being the name of the