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CHA P. that in Europe, the two courts having a combined interest
with each other. That these two courts, or divisions of the company, thus acting in perfect harmony or union, one in Europe, and the other in the colony, should be so arranged, that the former may have the general administration of every thing that regards the deliberation upon, and regulation of, the general affairs; and that the latter may have the superintendance or direction of such local administration of the affairs as may regard the active, practical or executive province in the colony. That only half the directors, both in Europe, and in the colony, should go out at every new election, in order that the court may always be provided with persons properly acquainted with the affairs of the colony.
PROPOSITION V. 184. That after the first election of directors, or after two years, none should be elected but those who have at least once visited the colony, in order that the directors may be properly qualified, by their knowledge of the local situation and practical state of the colony, to manage the direction in Europe*.
PROPOSITION VI. 185. All kinds of oaths to be abolished, from the very be
* Those who object to the share the colonists will, on this plan, have in the direction, will do well to consider, that the present British colonies in the West In. dies lay their own taxes, and make their own internal laws, which can be r versed by no authority inferior to that of the King in Council, and that only when they are repugnant to the laws and constitution of Great Britain.-The late British co. lonies in North America enjoyed the same privileges.-Absentees from the British sugar islands have no vote in the colonial legislatures, and those from Jamaica are additionally obliged, by a law of that island, to pay their "attornies," or factors, fix per cent. of the value of the produce of their estates, which operates as a heavy tax on them for deserting their civil and military duties in the Island. See Long's History of Jamaica, Vol. I. p. 387, &c.
ginning of the colony, as they do not seem to be necessary, C HA P.
187. That new subscriptions to the Bulama undertaking may be opened upon the same plan as the former, viz. at £60 per 500 acres, in order to avoid unequal shares, and that another expedition may be undertaken, as soon as the advanced state of their subscriptions, and of the necessary preliminaries, conspire with the season to render the same adviseable.
* I have been credibly informed, that there are, in London and Westminster above 30,000 lawyers, attornies, and pettifoggers. And I have been led, by my enquiries, to full conviction, that a great proportion of them is maintained in consequence of abused oaths. But this is not all: most people must have heard of the practice of Jew-bail and the trade of affidavit-men; and the farce of custom-house oaths is not less ridiculous than it is shocking. Mr. Locke and other great men, here and elsewhere, have lamented the multiplicity of oaths required by the laws of most nations; but hitherto, it would seem, too much in vain. Sure I am, that, among honest men, they are unnecessary; and that rogues regard them as an empty form. Why then introduce into an infant community, a practice which long experience has proved to be unnecessary or futile ?-But, if oaths are to be administered, none but men of known integrity should be allowed to make that sacred appeal.
188. It should be proposed that such persons as are willing to subscribe, may do it either in commodities or money, at their option; for I have met with many persons who would gladly have subscribed in goods; but who could not spare the money from their business. Subscriptions should therefore be opened in such commodities as are likely to be hereafter the produce of the new colony; such as sugar, cotton, coffee, indigo, tobacco, rice &c. and the court of directors immediately to take charge of the sale of these articles, at the most advantageous price for the company.
And in order that those who subscribe in commodities may not obtain more favourable conditions than others, the price of the commodities may be fixed at a par between the buying and selling price, to which ten per cent. should be added, as a compensation for the risk and trouble of the court in the disposal of them; the company to receive all the benefit, or sustain all the loss, that may arise from the sale of them. Suppose that 2400lb. of muscovado sugar is purchased at 5d. a pound, and sold at 7d.—then 6d. a pound would be the average price, and would make out exactly £60. which is the price of a share of 500 acres; but as it would be an additional trouble to the court to convert these 2400lb. of muscovado sugar into ready money, there should be added 10 per cent. consequently to pay a share of 500 acres of land, according to £60 per share, with sugar instead of money, it would be first
2400lb. and 10 per cent. additional
2640lb. of sugar to be paid into the company's storehouse for a share of 500 acres;—the same plan to be followed, with respect to all other goods.
CH A P.
189. That every association for forming colonies in Africa, ought to act connectedly and in harmony with the Sierra Leona company, and every similar establishment; so combining their interests, that every resolution, taken in the general court of directors of any one company, should be generously communicated to the others; and, when a general election is held, and new resolutions taken into consideration, that two of the Directors of every such company should be invited to be present.
190. That no other currency be introduced, from the commencement of the colony, but that recommended in the judicious plan of that friend of mankind, Granville Sharp, Esq. founded on labour *, which will tend to create and encourage an activity for raising useful productions, better than any other method. This plan, it is evident, may be adapted, or made applicable, to all the pecuniary transactions that can take place in the largest community.--If gold and silver should be ever introduced, they should never appear in the form of any coin; but should circulate according to their weight and intrinsic standard.--See Ø 142. Query LI.
191. In order compleatly to secure social virtue and order in the colony, the ancient and venerable English system
* See “ Sketch of temporary regulations for Sierra Leona," where the worthy author recommends day-labour; but I prefer piece-work which in all, or in most, cases, may be as easily accommodated to the intended purpose as day-labour.
CHA P. of frankpledge should also be introduced; but with some al
teration to adapt it to the present state of things *.
PROPOSITION XII. 192. The company ought to keep a compleat store-house in the colony, containing a proper assortment of articles suited to that part of the coast: and, in order to give spirit and support to every active and useful colonist, there should be a discounting account in articles kept for the general use of the colony, that those colonists who have abilities, but no means, may obtain such articles, to a certain limited extent, under the direction of the company.
P R 0 2 0 6 1 1 0 N XIH.
193 When in process of time, taxes come to be raised in the colony, partly for the maintenance of public order, (see $ 170,) and partly for raising such revenue to the subscribers as may afford them a liberal, but specific, indemnification for risking and lying out of their property, it is proposed that the following ground for taxing may be observed, by which the overbearing influence of commerce, to the prejudice of more useful and necessary occupations in the colony, may be prevented, viz. 194
That the inhabitants of the colony may be divided into three distinct classes: the first, producers, or cultivators of raw materials, such as sugar, coffee, cotton, indigo, spices, cattle, corn or any other kind of productions in their first ftate. The second, the tradesmen or manufa£turers in the co
Society is also indebted to Mr. Sharp for illustrating and recommending the adoption of that excellent system. See his Treatise on Congregational Courts. - Also $ 167.