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Salix Lapponum, f. 73. in p. 1617., ., and our No. 63. in p. 1545.

latifolia, f. 118. in p. 1625., and our No. 96. in p. 1561. linearie, f. 89. in p. 1619., and our No. 74. in p. 1549. lucida, f. 32. in p. 1610., and our No. 18. in p. 1504. Lydnii, f. 10. in p. 160+, and our No. 39. in p. 1532. macrostipulàcea, f. 130. in p. 1677., and our No. 86. in p. 1557. malifolia, f. 36. in p. 1611., and our No. 163. var. 3. in p. 1593. Meyeriana, f. 33. in p. 1610., and our No. 17. in p. 1504. Micheliàna f. 135. in p. 1629., and our No. 80. in p. 1552. monándra, f. 4. in p. 1603., and our No. 4. (Woolgariana) in p. 1492. montàna, f. 19. in p. 1606., and our No. 21. in p. 1515. monspeliensis, f. 30. in p. 1609., and our No. 23. in p. 1507. Mühlenbergiana, f. 145. in p. 1630., and our No. 45. in p. 1534. mutábilis, No. 160). in Sal. Wob., and our No. 89. in p. 1558. Myrsinites, f. 60. in p. 1615., and our No. 154. (betuliefdlia) in p. 1588. myrtillöides, f. 66. in p. 1616., and our No. 149. (cæ`sia) in P. 1586. nigra, f. 152. in p. 1650., and our No. 28. in p. 1529. nigricans, f. 37. in p. 1611., and our No. 109. in p. 1568. nitens, f. 44. in p. 1613., and our No. 149. in p. 1582. obovata, f. 144. in p. 1630., and our No. 66. in p. 1546. oleifdlia, f. 126. in p. 1626., and our 92. in p. 1559. pállida, f. 96. in p. 1621., and our No. 83. in p. 1555. panndsa, f. 123, in p. 1626., and our No. 88. in p. 1557. parvifdlia, f. 81, in p. 1618., and our No. 52. var. 4. in p. 1538. pàtens, f. 39. in p. 1612., and our No. 132. in p. 1578. pennsylvánica, l. 95. in p. 1620., and our No. 44. in p. 1534. pentándra, f. 34. in p. 1610., and our No. 16. in p. 1503. petræ'a, f. 97. in p. 1620., and our No. 122. in p. 1574. petiolaris, f. 23. in p. 1607., and our No. 43. in p. 1533. phylicifdlia, f. 46. in p. 1614., and our No. 133. (radicans) in p. 1579. polàris, f. 63. in p. 1615., and our No. 162. in p. 1591. pomeránica, No. 153. in Sal. Woj., and our No. 9. in p. 1496. Pontederàna, f. 43. in p. 1613., and our No. 85. in p. 1.555. præ cox, f. 26. in p. 1608., and our No. 8. (daphnöldes) in p. 1494., prinöldes, f. 40. in p. 1612, and our No. 32. in p. 1530. prostrata, f. 82. in p. 1618., and our No. 52. var. 3. in p. 1537. protexfolia, f. 75. in p. 1617., and our No. 58. in p. 1542. procumbens, f. 61. in p. 1615., and our No. 155. in p. 1588. prunifdlia, f. 56. in p. 1615., and our No. 147. in p. 1583. purpurea, f. 1. in p. 1603., and our No. 1. in p. 1190. ramifúsca, f. 53. in p. 1615., and our No. 157. in p. 1581. reflexa, f. 94. in p. 1619., and our No. 37. in p. 1532. rèpens, f. 84. in p. 1618.. and our No. 52. var. 2. in p. 1537. reticulata, f. 67. in p. 1616., and our No. 59. in p. 1542. retusa, f. 139. in p. 1650., and our No. 156. in p. 1589. rigida, f. 141. in p. 1630., and our No. 31. in p. 1530. rivularis, f. 102. in p. 1621., and our No. 106. in p. 1567. rosmarinifdlia, f. 87. in p. 1618., and our No. 48. in p. 1535. rotundata, f. 104, in p. 1621., and our No. 116. in p. 1571. rubra, f. 6. in p. 1604., and our No. 6. in p. 1493. rupestris, f. 111. in p. 1623., and our No. 119. in p. 1573. Russelliana, f. 28. in p. 1608., and our No. 24. in p. 1517. Schleicheriàna, f. 98. in p. 1620., and our No. 127. in serpyllifolia, f. 65. in p. 1616., and our No. 159. in p. 1590. Smithiàna, f. 134. in p. 1629., and our No. 77. in p. 1550. sórdida, f. 101, in p. 1021., and our No. 126. in p. 1576. sphaceláta, f. 121. in p. 1624., and our No. 98. in p. 1563. stipulàris, f. 139. in p. 1628., and our No. 76. in p. 1550. strépida, f. 100. in p. 1621., and our No. 125. in p. 1576. Stuartiàna, f. 72. in p. 1617., and our No. 68. in p. 1516. subalpina, f. 93. in p. 1619., and our No. 71. in p. 1547. tenuifolia, f. 50. in p. 1614., and our No. 120. in p. 1573. tétrapla, f. 49. in p. 1614., and our No. 136, in p. 1580. tetraspérma, f. 31. in p. 1609., and our No. 168. in p. 1595. triandra, f. 15. in p. 1605., and our No. 12. in p. 1498. tristis, f. 150. in p. 1630., and our No. 46. in p. 1534. ulmifolia, No. 158. in Sal. Wob., and our No. 169. in p. 1595. undulata, f. 13. in p. 1605., and our No. 10. in p. 1496. U'va-úrsi, f. 151. in p. 1630., and our No. 158. in p. 1590. vacciniifdlia, f.57. in p. 1615., and our No. 145, in p. 1585. vaudensis, f. 117. in p. 1624., and No. 100. in p. 1565. venuldsa, f. 58. in p. 1616., and our No. 148. in p. 1586. versicolor, f. 77. in p. 1618., and No. 56, in p. 1541. Villarsiana, f. 17. in p. 1606., and our No. 15. in p. 1502. villdsa, f. 92. in p. 1610., and our No. 170. in p. 1595. viminalis, f. 133. in p. 1629., and our No. 75. in p. 1549. violácea, f. 25. in p. 1607., and our No. 7. (violácea) in p. 1494. viréscens, f. 7. in p. 1604., and our No. 36. in p. 1531. virgata, f. 12. in p. 1605., and our No. 38. in p. 1532. vitellina, f. 20. in p. 1606., and our No. 27. in p. 1528. Weigeliảna, f. 51. in p. 1614., and our No. 138. (Forbesidna) in p. 1581. Willdenovidna, f. 41. in p. 1613., and our No. 84. in p. 1555. Wulfenidna, f. 48. in p. 1614., and our No. 139. (Weigeliana) in p. 1582.

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p. 1576.

CHAP. CIII.

X.

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App. iii. Koch's Arrangement of the Species of Salix indigenous

to Europe ; including, also, some extra-European Species, with references to the pages in this work, where each species is described. (See p. 1487.)

ANALYSIS OF THE GROUPS. Catkins sessile on the points of the branchlets. Leaves below the cat.

viii. CHRYSA'NTAE. kins, proceeding from the sides of the branchlets Catkins originating in terminal buds, seated on leafy peduncles, having

GLACIALES. new buds. Peduncles permanent, and containing the branchlets Terminal bud, and generally several more next the point of the branchlets, producing leaves; the intermediate lateral ones, catkins. Scales of the catkins of one colour, yellowish green ; falling off

} i. FRAGILES. before the fruit is ripe Scales of the catkins of one colour, yellowish green, permanent ii, AMYGDA'LINA. Scales of the catkins discoloured at the point. Anthers, after flowering, black

iv. PURPU RER. Authers, after flowering, yellow or brown,

Capsules on long stalks, which are at least twice as long as
the gland.
Tall, erect, or arborescent shrubs

vi. CA'PRE.. Low shrubs, with a creeping procumbent stem

vii, ARGE'NTEÆ. Capsules sessile, or with very short stalks.

Catkins sessile. Leaves cuspidate, acuminate, serrated - iii. PRUTNO SR.
Catkins sessile. Leaves entire, or very slightly toothed - VIMINALES.
Catkins stalked. Stalk leafy

- ix, FRIGIDE.
Group i. Frágiles.
Catkins lateral; the fertile ones on a leafy peduncle. Scales of the catkin of one colour, yellowish

green, falling off before the fruit is ripe. Large trees.
1. S. pentándra L. Syn.: S. polvandra Schrank Baier. Fl. ; S. tetrándra Willd. Enum. Suppl.;

S. hermaphrodítica Lin. Sp. Pl. ; No. 16. in p. 1503.
2. S. cuspidàta Schultz. Syn.: S. Meyeriàna Willd. Baum. ; S. tinctdria Smith in Recs's Cyclo. ; S.

pentandra ß Lin. Fl. Suec. ; S. hexándra Ehrh. Arb.; S. Ehrhartiàna Smith in Rees's Cycl. ;

No. 17. in p. 1504. 3. S. frágilis L. Syn.: S. decípiens Hoffm. Sal., Eng. Bot.; S. frágilis Smith in Rees's Cyclo. ; S.

Wargiàna Lej. Fl. d. Spa.; S. frágilis Wargiana Lej. Revue; No. 22. in p. 1516., and No.

20. in p. 1515. 4. S. Russellina Smith. Syn.: S. péndula Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. viridis Fries Nov.; S. rùbens Schrank

Baier. Fl. ; No. 24. in p. 1517. 5. S. álba L. Syn.: S. cærulea Eng. Bot.; S. vitellina Lin. Sp. Pl.; No. 26. in p. 1522. ; and No. 27.

in p. 1528.

To this group belong, also, the following extra-European species :1. S. occidentalis Bosc; p. 1530. 2. S. nigra Mühi. Nov, Act. Soc. n. s. Ber.; S. caroliniana Michz. Amer. ;

No. 28. in p. 1529. 3. S. babylónica L.; S. propéndens Ser. Sal. Helv. ; No. 19. in p. 1507. 4. S. octándra Sieb. ; p. 1530. 5. S. Humboldtidná Willd.; No. 29. in p. 1529.

Group ii. Amygdáline. Catkins lateral, the fertile ones on a leafy peduncle. Scales of the catkins of one colour, yel.

lowish green, permanent. Leaves long, serrated, smooth. Tall shrubs, with pliable shoots. 6. S. amygdalina L. Syn.: S. triandra Lin. Sp. Pl., Wild. Sp. Pl.; S. Villarsidna Willd. Sp. Pl. ;

S. Hoppeàna Wilía. Sp. ; No. 14. in p. 1500.; No. 12. in p. 1498. ; No. 15. in p. 1502.; and

No. 13. in p. 1500. 7. S. undulata Ehrh. Syn.: S. lanceolàta Smith Eng. Bot. ; S. No. 37. and 38., Trevir. Obs. Bot. ;

No. 10. in p. 1496. 8. S. hippophaefolia Thuil

. Syn.: S. undulata Trev. Obs. Bot., p. 17., Koch in Regensb. Bot. Zeit., 1820, p. 311. ; No. 11. in p. 1498. Between this and the next group must be placed the three following North American species : 1. S. Mühlenbergiana Willd. Sp. PL. ; S. tristis Mühl. Nov. dct. Soc. n. s. Berol. ; S. incana

Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer.; No. 45. and No. 46. in p. 1534.
2. S. grisea Willd. Sp. Pl.; S sericea Mühl. Nov. Act. Soc. Berol., not of Villars, is the

S. petiolaris Smith Fl. Br.; No. 42. and No. 43. in p. 1533.
3. S. cordata Mühl, Nov. Act. Soc. Berol., Willd. Sp. Pl. ; No. 47. in p. 1534.

Group iii. Pruinosa.
Catkins lateral, the fertile ones also sessile. Capsules sessile. Stamens 2, distinct ; anthers, after

shedding their pollen remaining yellow. Scales of the catkins discoloured at the point. Leaves cuspidate acuminate, serrated, becoming smooth. Inner bark yellow in the summer. Tall shrubs

or trees, of a bright green hue. 9. S. acutifolia Willd. Syn.: S. violácea Ander. Rep., Smith in Rees's Cyclo. ; S. caspica Hort. ;

No. 7. in p. 1494. 10. S. daphnoides Villars. Syn.: S. præ'cox Hoppe in Sturm D. Fl., Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. bigémmis

Hoffm, Fl. Germ., Hist. Sal. ; S. cinerea Smith Fl. Br., Willd Sp. ; s. pomeránica Willd.
Enum. Suppl. ; S. præ'cox gemmata Ser. Sal. exsicc., No. 83. ; No. 8. in p. 1494., and No. 9. in

Group iv. Purpurea.
Catkins lateral, sessile ; their scales dark or purple at the extremity. Stamens 2, united as far as

the middle, or the point ; anthers purple, becoming black after flowering. Inner bark yellow in
the summer. Tall'shrubs or trees, with a glaucous or dull green hue.

5 0 2

p. 1496.

11. S. Pontederana Willd. Sp. Pl. ; No. 85. in p. 1555. 12. S. purpurea L. Syn.: S. monandra Hoffm. Sal, ; S. Lambertidna Smith Fl. Br. ; 8. Helix

Willd. Enum., Link Enum. ; S. monándra sericea Ser. Sal. Helv.; No. 1. in p. 1490., No. 4.

and No. 3. in p. 1492., and No. 2. in p. 1491. 13. S. rùbra Hudson. Syn.: S. fissa Ehrh., Dec., Hoffm. Sal.; S, membranacea Thuil. Paris., S.

viréscens Vill. Delph. ; S. olivácea Thuil. Paris. ; S. Forbyána Smith Fl. Br. ; No. 6. in p. 1493., and No. 5. in p. 1422.

Group v. Viminales. Catkins lateral, sessile ; the scales brownish or dark at the point. Stamens 2, distinct, rarely united

at the base ; the anthers yellow as they go off. Capsules sessile, or on short stalks, which are not longer than the gland. Leaves long, entire, or finely toothed; covered on the under side with a silky or thick down. Tall shrubs, sometimes arborescent. S. viminalis is the tallest and hand. somest species, and the most valuable for its twigs for wickerwork, which are longer and stronger

than those of any other species. 14. S. mollíssima Ehrh. and Willd., but not of Smith. Syn.: S. pubera Koch in Bonning. Fl. Mon. ;

No. 78. in p. 1551. 15. S. viminalis L. Syn.: S. longifolia Lam. Fl. Fr.; No. 75. in

P.

1519. 16. S. stipuláris Smith ; No. 76. in p. 1550. 17. S. acuminata Smith, but not of Hoffm., Willd., or any German author. Syn.: S. Smithidna Koch

in Regensb. Bot Zeit., 1820, p. 276.; S. mollissima Smith Fl. Br. ; S. lanceolata Fries Fl. Hall. ; S. mollissima Koch in Reg. Bot. Zeit., 1820, p. 276. ; No. 82. in p. 1553., and No. 77. in p. 1550.

Group vi. Capree. Catkins lateral, in flower sessile supported by a few leaves, in fruit usually placed on leafy stalks ;

scales dark or brownish at the point. Stamens 2, or but little united ; anthers, after bursting, yellow. Capsules placed on stalks which are at least twice as long as the glands. Tall shrubs

or trees. 18. S. incana Schrank. Syn.: S. riparia Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. lavandulæfòlia Lapeyr. Arb., Ser. Sal.

Helv.; S. angustifolia Poir. in Du Ham. Arb.; S. rosmarinifdlia Gouan Hort., Host Syn. ; S.

Elæagnos Scop. Carn. ; No. 73. in p. 1548. 19. S. Seringeàna Gaudin. Syn.: S. lanceolata Ser. Sal. Helv., not of Smith ; S. holosericea Ser.

Sal. exsicc., not of Willd. ; S. longifolia Schleich. Cat., not of Mühl. ; p. 1602. 20, S. galviæfdlia Link. Syn.: S. pátula Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. oleifdlia Ser. Šal, exsicc. ; S. oleifolia

Vau. Delph. ; S. Flüggedna Willd. Sp. Pl. ; No. 212' in p. 1600. 21. S. holosericea Willd. Syn.: S. velutina Schrad. ; No. ? 220, in p. 1601. 22. S. cinerea L. Syn.: S. acuminata Hoff, not of Smith ; S. Hoffmanniana Bluff. et Fing. ; S.

aquática Smith Fl. Br. ; S. cinerea Smith Fl. Br. ; S. Timmii Schkuhr; S. oleæfolia Hort.; ? S. rufinérvis Dec. ; S. nigra Fl. Lusitan. ; No. 90. in p. 1558., and No. 91.

in p. 1559. 23. S. grandifolia Seringe. Syn.: S. stipularis Ser. Sal. exsicc., not of Smith ; S. cineráscens Willd.

Sp. Pl. ; p. 1602. 24. S. caprea 1. Syn.: S. tomentdsa Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. ulmifolia Thuil. Paris. (sce p. 1595.), Gaud.

Fl. Fr. ; S. aurigerana Lapeyr. Hist. ; S. lanata Vill. Delph. ; $. sphacelata Smith Fl. Br.,

Willd. Sp. Pl.; Š. caprea ß Wahl. Carpat. ; No. 97. in p. 1561., and No. 98. in p. 1563. 25. S. aurita L. Syn.: S. rugosa Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. uligindsa

lum. ; S. aurita Willd. Enum.; S. cladostémma Hayne Dendr. Fl. ; No. 95. in p. 1560. 26. S. lívida Wahl. Syn.: S. arbúscula y Lin. Fl. Suec. ; S. arbúscula ß Lin. Sp. Pl.; S. Starkeàna

Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. foliosa Afzel., in ed. 2., Fl. Lapp., Willch Sp. Pl.; S. malifdlia Bess. Galic. ;

S. bicolor Ehrh. Arb., Fries Novil. ; No. 197. in p. 1598. 27. S. silesiaca Willd. Syn.: S. fagifolia Willd. Sp. Pl.; No. 215. in p. 1601. 28. S. phylicifolia Linn. Syn.: S. stylosa Gand. Fl. Fr.; S. stylaris Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. hastata

Hoppe Fl. Rar. Cent. ; S. hybrida Hoff'imn. Deutsch. Fl.; S. nigricans Smith Br. Fl., Willd. Sp.
Pl. ; S. Ammanniana Willd. Sp. Pl.; S. Andersoniìna Smith Eng. Bot. ; S. spirææfdlia Wind.,
according to Link's Enum. į S. rupestris Smith Eng. Bot., Rees's Cyclo. ; S. Forsteriāna Sm.
Eng. Bot. ; S. hirta Smith Eng. Bot., Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. cotinifolia Smith Fl. Br., Willd. Sp.
PL. ; S. ulmifolia Hort. Berol., not of Thuil.; S. Halleri Ser. Sal. Helv.; S. carpinifolia Schleich,
Ser, Sal. Helv. A great many of Schleicher's species are only variations of S. phylicifolia.

(See p. 1564.) 29. S. hastàta L. Śyn. : S. Ludwigii Schk. Handb.; ? S. Pontedera Vill.; S. serrulata Willd. Sp.

Pl.; S. malifólia Smith Fl. Br., Willd. Sp. Pl.; S. arbúscula Wahl. Fl. Dan. ; S. arbúsculas
Lin. Fl.. Succ.; $. arbúscula Lín. Sp. Pl., Fl. Lapp.; S. Wulfeniana Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. phyli.

citdlia Wulf. in Jacq. Coll. ; S. glabra Scop. Carn. ; No. 163. in p. 1592., and No. 224. p. 1601. 30. S. arbúscula Wahl. Syn.: S. arbúscula « Lin. Fl. Suec., Sp. Pl., not of Smith, Vahl, nor Jacq. ;

S. phylicifdlia Smith Fl. Br. ; C. radicans Smith Fl. Br., Hilld. Sp. Pl. ; S. tétrapla Walker, Link Enum. ; S. humilis Willd. Ber. Baumz., Enum. Suppl. ; S. Dicksoniàna Eng. Bot. ; s. myrtillöldes Smith Fl. Br. ; S. Weigelina Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. tenuifolia Eng. Bot., not of Fl. Br.; S. laúrina Sm. Tr. of Lin. Soc., Wild. Sp. Pl.; S. bicolor Smith Fl. Br., var. B, is S. majális Wahl. Fl. Lapp.; S. tenuifolia Smith Fi. Br.; S. petræ'a Anders.; S. Crowedna Smith Fl. Br., Eng. Bot., Willd. Sp. ; ? S. discolor Schrad. ; ? S. Schraderiảna Willd. Sp. Pl. (See p. 1577.)

Group vii, Argénteæ. Catkins and capsules as in the last, but the stature of the plant is different; for these are dwarf

shrubs, with a subterranean creeping trunk. Stalks of the capsules, in all the species, longer than

the gland, or very rarely, in some varieties, of the same length. 31. S. rèpens L. Syn.: S. fusca Lin. Sp. Pl., Smith Fl. Br. ; S. depressa Hoff: D. Fl.; S. rèpens

Smith Fl. Br.; S. argéntea Srith Fl. Br.; S. lanata Thuil. ; s. parvitölia Smith in Rees's
Cyclo., Eng. Bot. ; S. adscéndens Smith in Rees's Cyclo.; S. incubảcea Thuil. S. rostrata
Tkuil. and S. polymorpha Ehrh. are intermediate between S. fusca Smith and S. repens

Smith; No. 52. in p. 1556. 39. S. rosmarinifolia L. Syn.: S. incabacea Lin. Sp. Pl., Willd. Sp. Pl.; S. Ineta Schultz Suppl.

Fl. Stutgard.; S. heterophylla Schultz; S. arbúscula Smith Fl. Br.; Nos. 48. and 19. in p. 1535. 33. S. ambigua Ehrh. Syn.: S. plicàta Fries Fl. Hall. ; S. versifdlia Ser. Sal. Hclv.; S. Schuit zidna

Willd. ; S. spathulata Willd. Sp. Pl.; S. prostrata Smith Fl. Br.; No. 54. in p. 1510. 34. S. finmárchica Willd. Syn. : S. 'onustá Besser En. Pl. Volhyn.; No.55. in p. 1541.

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35. S. myrtillöides L., not of Willd. nor Smith. Syn.: S. élegans Besser En. Pl. Volhyn. ; No. 150. in p. 1587.

Group viii. Chrysantha. Catkins sessile, with small bract-like leaves at the base; produced at the ends of the branches of the

previous year, or just below them, and placed above the leaf-buds. 36. S. lanåta L. Syn.: S. chrysanthos Vahl Fl. Dan. ; S. depréssa Lin. Fl. Succ., Fl. Lapp.; No. 164. in p. 1593.

Group ix. Frigidæ. Catkins lateral, the fertile ones on leafy peduncles; scales dark or brown at the point. Stamens 2,

distinct, or slightly joined. Anthers, after flowering, yellow or brown. Capsules sessile, or placed on stalks that are not longer than the gland. Branchy shrubs; the old branches knotted, and the

younger ones hardly twiggy, or fit for basketwork. 37. S. limosa Wahl. Syn.: S. nivea Ser. Sal. Helv.; S. helvética Vil. Delph.; S. bráctea Debray.

in den Denkschrif. d. Regensb. Bot. Ges., 2. p. 43. ; Ş. arenària Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. leucophylla Willd. Enum. Suppl., Berol. Baumz. ; S. arenaria Smith Fl. Br. ; S. canéscens Willd.

Sp. Pl. ; S. Stuartiàna Smith in Rees's Cyclo. ; No. 67. and 68. in p. 1547. 38. S. glauca L. Syn.: S. sericea Vill. Delph. ; S. glauca , Lapponum Wahl, Fl. Lapp. ; S. Lap

ponum Lin. Sp. Pl., Willd. Sp. Pl. ; S. álbida Schleich. Cat. ; S. clæagnöldes Schleich. Cai., Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. appendiculàta Vahl in Fl. Dan. ; S. glaúca ß appendiculata Wahl. Fl.

Lapp. ; No. 61. in p. 1514. 39. S. pyrenaica Gouan. Syn.: S. ciliata Dec. Fl. Fr.; S. pyrenaica 8 cilidta Dec. Fl. Fr.; No. 69.

in p. 1547. 40. S. Waldsteiniana Willd. Syn.: S. arbúscula Jacq. Aus.; S. ovata Ser. Sal. Helv., Ser. Sal.

exsicc. ; No. 70. in p. 1547. 41. S. prunifólia Smith. Syn.: S. venuldsa Smith Fl. Br. ; S. carinata Smith Fl. .Br. ; S. formosa

Willd. Sp. Pl.; S. fæ tida Schleich. Cent.; S. alpina Sut. Helv. ; S. vacciniifolia Eng. Bot.,

Rees's Cyclo.; Nos. 145, 146, and 147. in p. 1585. ; and No. 148. in p. 1586. 42. S. cæ'sia Vill. Syn: S. prostrata Ehrh. Pl. Select.; S. myrtillöldes Willd. Sp. Pl., not of Lin.

nor of Smith ; No. 149. in p. 1586. 43. S. Myrsinites Lin. Syn.: S. arbutifolia Willd. Sp. Pl., Ser. Sal. Helv. ; S. dubia Sut. Fl. Helv.;

. retusa Dicks. ; No. 153, in p. 1588. 44. S. Jacquínii Host. Syn. : S. fusca Jacq. Austr., not of Lin.; S. alpina Scop. Carn. ; S. Jacquin.'

iana Willd. Sp. Pl. ; No. 196. in p. 1598. S. árctica R. Br. seems intermediate between $. Jacquinii and S. reticulata; p. 1602.

Group x. Glaciales. From the terminal bud of the branches of the preceding year, proceeds a new branch clothed with

leaves, having the buds for a future year in their axils; and on the top of this is placed a catkin. The catkins, therefore, are seated upon a leafy permanent peduncle, by which the branch is con. tinued and lengthened. Very small shrubs, with subterranean creeping trunks, and ascending

branches. 45. S. reticulata Lin. ; No. 159. in p. 1543. 45. S. retùsa Lin. Syn.: S. Kitaibeliàna Willd. Sp. Pl., Wahl. Carpat. ; S. serpyllifdlia Scop. Carn.,

Willd. Sp. Pl., Jacq. Austr. ; Nos. 156. and 157. in p. 1589., and No. 159. in p. 1590. 47. S. herbàcea Lin. ; No. 161. in p. 1590. 48. S. polàris Wahl. ; No. 162. in p. 1591.

The following species, Koch states, are not sufficiently known to him to be comprehended in any of the preceding groups :- S. violacea Willd. and S. Trevirani Spreng., which are in the Botanic Garden, Erlangen, but have not yet (1828) flowered. The following Koch had not seen :-S. versi. folia Wahl., s. punctata Wahl., s. coruscans Willd., S. cineráscens Willd., S. reflexa Willd., S. rufinérvis Dec., S. canaliculata Bess., and S. campestris Fries. Very many of these are, probably, either synonymes or varieties of those already described ; as are the following :-$. spléndens, rubens, iseràna, nepetifolia, and multiflora Presl; and S. refléxa sedinénsis and Pseudo-càprea Compend. Fi. Ger.

App. iv. Kinds of Salix described in Hosts Flora Austriaca, and

figured in Host's Salix.

p. 703.

The very few identifications given are those of Host. Salix alba, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 638., Sal., t. 32. and 33.

alpestris, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 653., Sal., t. 99. and 100. ; S. Waldsteinidna Willd. Sp.

Pl., 4. p. 679. ; S. Hostiàna Willd. Mag., 1810, p. 63. amygdalina, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 634., Sal., t. 13. and 14. austriaca, m. and f., K. Aus., 2. p.616., Sal., t. 64. and 65. aurlta, m. and f., Fl. Aus., p. 648., Sal., t. 78. càprea, m. and f., Fl. Aus.; 2. p. 646., Sal., t. 66. and 67., Lin. Sp. Pl., 1448., Wiid. Sp. Pl., 4. carniolica, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 641., Sal., t. 44. and 45. cinerea, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 637., Sal., t. 26. and 27. ; S. daphnöides Vill. Delph., 3.

p. 765. t. 5. f. 2. ; S. præ cox Hoppe. cóncolor, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 639., Sal., t. 34. and. 35.; S. minima, &c., Raii Syn.,

p. 449., applied by Smith in Eng. Fl., 4. p. 192., to S. rubra Huds. corúscans, m. and k., Fl. Aus., 2. p.651., Sal., t. 94., Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 681. ; S. arbúscula

Jacq. Aus., t. 408., Host Syn., p. 527. discolor, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 645., Sal., t. 60. and 61. élegans, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 652., Sal., t. 97. excélsior, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 638., Sal., t. 28. and 29. Alavéscens, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 653., Sal., t. 101. frágilis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 635., Sal., t. 18. and 19. fragílior, m. and {., H. Aus., 2. p. 630., Sal., t. 20. and 21.; S. frágilis Host Syn., p. 527. fragilíssíma, m. and f., H. Aus., 2. p. 636., Sab, t. 22. and 23.

Salix glaucéscens, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 648., Sal., t. 76. and 77.

Helix, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 639., Sal., t. 36. and 37.
herbàcea, m. and 1., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 652., Sal., t. 104., Lin. Sp. Pl., 1445., Fl. Lapp., No. 355.,

Fl. Dan., t. 117., Eng. Bot., t. 1907.
heterophylla, m, and 1., Fl. Áus., 2. p. 650., Sal., t. 87. and 88.
intermèdia, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 644., Sal., t. 56. and 57.
Jacquiniana, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 654., Sal., t. 102., Host Synt., p. 599., Willd. Sp. Pl., 4.

p. 692. ; S. fúsca Jacq. Aus., t. 409. ligústrina, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 634., Sal., t. 15. and 16. litoràlis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 643., Sal., t. 52. longifolia, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 645., Sal., t. 62. and 63. menthæfólia, m and fi, Fl. Aus., 2. p. 649. Sal., t. 79. and 80. ; S. Myrsinites Wulfen in Jacq.

Coll., 2. p. 136., Hoffm. Sal., 1. p. 71. t. 17., f. 1., &c., Host Syn., p.527.
mirábilis (androgynous) Fl. Aus., 2. p. 641., Sal., t. 46.
monándra, m. and f. Fl. Aus., 2. p. 647., Sal., t. 71. and 72
montana (androgynous) Fl. Aus., 2. p. 647., Sal., t. 73.
mucábilis, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 610., Sal., t. 42. and 43.
oppositifolia, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 610., Sal., t. 38. and 39.; S humilior, &c., Raii Syr., 445.

This name is applied as a synonyme to $. Helix L., by Smith in his English Flora, 4. p. 188.
ovata, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 648., Sal., t. 74. and 75.
palustris, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 6:37., Sal., t. 24. and 25.
parietariæfdlia, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 650., Sal., t. 85. and 86.
parviflora, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 642., Sal., t. 49.
pentándra, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 632., Sal., 1. and 2., Lin. Sp. Pl., 1442., Eng. Bot.,

t. 1805., Smith,
polymorpha, m. and f., and with the sexes monæcious, Fl. Aus., 2. p. 646., Sal., t. 68, 69,

and 70.
pratensis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 612., Sal., t. 50. and 51.; S. angustifolia Wulfen in Jacq.

Coll., 3. p. 48.; S. rosmarinifdlía Wulf., l. C.; S. incubacea Host Syn., p. 528.
prunifdlia, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 649., Sal., t. 83. and 84.
pulchella, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 653., Sal., t. 98.
purpurea, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 640., Sal., t. 40. and 41.
rèpens, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 643., Sal., t. 53.
reticulata, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 655., Sal., t. 105., Lin. Sp. Pl., 1446., Fl. Lapp., No. 369.

t. 78., Fl. Dan., t. 212., Eng. Bol., t. 1908., Smith. retùsa, m. and f., Fl. Aus. 2. p. 654., Sal., t. 103., Lin. Sp. Pl., 1493., Wild. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 684. ;

S. serpyllifolia Scop. Carn., 2. p. 255. t. 6., Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 684. ; S. Kitaibeliána Willd.

Sp. Pl., 4. p. 684.
riparia, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 644., Sal., t. 48. and 59. ; S. incana Schrank Baier., 1. p. 230. ;

S. rosmarinitdlia Schrank Sal., No. 38., Host Syn., 529.
rivàlis, m, and f., Fl. Aus. 2. p. 649., Sal., t. 81. and 82.
semperAdrens, m. and f., Ft. Aus., 2. p. 633., Sal., t. 5. and 6.
spectábilis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 682., Sal., t. 3. and 4.
speciosa, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 635., Sal., t. 17.
Starkeàna, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 650., Śal., t. 89. and 90., Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 677. ; S.

malifolia Besser Fl., 2. p. 313.
sudética, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 651., Sal., t. 91. and 92.
tenuifdra, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 633., Sal., t. 7. and 8.
ténuis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 612., Sal., t. 47. and 48.
tomentdsa, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 651., Sal., t. 93., Host Syn., p. 528.
vària, m, and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 634., Sal., t. 11. and 12.
venusta, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 633., Sal., t. 9. and 10.
viminalis, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 613., Sal., t. 54. and 55., Lin. Sp. Pl., 2448. ; Wild. Sp.

Pl., 4. p. 706., Hatfm. Sal, 1. t. 2. £ 1, 2. t. 5., &c., Smith Fl. Br., p. 1076.
vitellina, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 638., Sal., t. 30. and 31.
Wulfeniána, m. and f., Fl. Aus., 2. p. 651, Sal., t. 95. and 96., Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 660. S. phy.

licifolia Wulfen in Jacq. Coll., 2. p. 139., Host Syn., p. 526.

GENUS II.

POʻPULUS Tourn. The PopLAR. Lin. Syst. Diæ'cia Octándria. Identification. Tourn. Inst., t. 350. ; Lin, Gen., 526.; Theo. Nees ab Esenbeck Gen. Pl. Germ. Illust. ;

Smith's Engl. Fl., 4. p. 242. Synonymes. Peuplier, Fr.; Pappel, Ger. ; Pioppo, Ital.; Poplier, Dutch; Alamo, Span. Derivation. Some suppose the word Pópulus to be derived from pailo, or paipalio, to vibrate or

shake; others, that the tree obtained its name from its being used, in ancient times, to decorate the public places in Rome; where it was called arbor populi, or the tree of the people. Bullet derives the name also from populus, but says that it alludes to the leaves being easily agitated, like the people. From the Spanish name for this tree, alamo, is derived the word alameda, the name given to public walks in Spain, from their being generally planted with poplars.

Description. All the species are deciduous trees, mostly growing to a large size; natives of Europe, North America, some parts of Asia, and the north of Africa. They are all of rapid growth, some of them extremely so; and they are all remarkable for a degree of tremulous motion in their leaves, when agitated hy the least breath of wind. The poplar is diæcious; and the catkins of the males of most of the species are very ornamental, from the red

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