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some kinds of wickerwork. There are plants at Henfield, and at Messrs. Loddiges's.

? ¥ 80. S. MICHELIANA Forbes. Michel's Willow. Identification. Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 135. Synonymes. ?S. holosericea Willd., 4. p. 708. (Forbes); ? S. holosericea var. (Borrer in a letter.). The Sexes. The male plant is figured and described in Sal. Wob. Mr. Forbes had not seen the

flowers of the female. Engravings. Sal. Wob., t. 135. ; and fig. 135. in p. 1629. Spec. Char., &c. Stem erect. Leaves lanceolate, pointed; flat and villous

above; greyish, downy, and reticulated beneath. Stipules ovate, acute, serrated. Filaments long, yellowish. Anthers yellow. Bractea elliptical, hairy. (Sal. Wob., p. 269.) Flowering in April. This plant grows to the height of 12 ft. or 15 ft., although it has not been cultivated above four years. The branches of the preceding year are of a dark brownish green colour, and somewhat villous ; those of the present year's growth more of a yellowish brown, and densely covered with a fine pubescence. Leaves from 3 in. to 4 in. long, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate when fully grown ; fat, villous, and ultimately shining above; reticulated, greyish, soft and downy beneath ; upper leaves denticulated with small glandular teeth, entire towards the base; lower leaves quite entire, gradually smaller. Footstalks about } in. long, downy, pale yellow. Catkins of the male copious, nearly sessile, appearing before the expansion of the leaves. Mr. Forbes doubts whether this may not be the S. holosericea of Willdenow; but he retains the name of s. Micheliàna, which he received with the plant from the Horticultural Society's Garden, till he has an opportunity of seeing the catkins of the female, so as to aid him in coming to a decision. There are plants at Woburn. † 81. S. FERRUGIČNEA Anderson. The ferruginous-leaved Sallow, or

Identification. Anderson MS. ; Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 128. ; Borrer in Eng. Bot. Suppl., t. 2665. ;

Hook. Br. Fl., ed. 3., p. 427.
The Sexes. Both sexes are described and figured in Eng. Bot. Suppl.: the female is described and

figured in Sal. Wob.
Engravings. Sal. Wob., No. 128. ; Eng. Bot. Suppl., t. 2665. ; and our fig. 128. in p. 1627.
Spec. Char., fc. Leaves lanceolate, having at the edge wavy crenatures and

small teeth ; hairy with minute hairs on both surfaces, paler on the under one; thin in substance. Stipules small, half-ovate. Bracteas oblong-lanceolate. Ovary silky, stalked. Style about as long as the oblong stigmas. (Borrer in Eng. Bot. Suppl.) The late Mr. G. Anderson, who distinguished and named the species, discovered it near Carlisle, in 1809; and found it afterwards in Fifeshire and other counties of Scotland; and by the Thames, near Windsor, Reading, &c. The female has been observed, also, near Nuthurst, Sussex. (id.) The following description is taken from that given by Mr. Forbes in Sal. Wob.:—A bushy shrub or low tree; flowering in April

, and growing, in the willow garden at Woburn Abbey, to the height of 12 ft. or 14 ft., with shortish, green, fuscous branches, round, downy, and somewhat of a rusty hue when young, especially towards autumn; but of a more pale yellow in an earlier state. Leaves from 2} in. to 3 in. long; obovate-lanceolate, tapering towards the base, with rather long oblique points; flat, villous, and dark green above; densely silky, reticulated, and greyish beneath ; lower leaves entire, scarcely 1 in. long; upper ones finely serrated towards the apex, or rather furnished with distant, minute, glandular teeth, entire towards the base; the rusty hue also visible in the older leaves. Catkins of the female from l in. to lì in. long, appearing before the leaves.” Mr. Forbes deems this a kind of sallow; and its rounded tumid buds show an affinity to the sallows. Mr. Borrer has placed it in the group Viminales, and is of opinion that it comes nearest to S. Smithiana : he adds, of the young leaves, that the newly expanded leaves of the male are beautifully tinged with brownish purple, which is nearly,


or in general quite, wanting in the female. Their sides, in that stage of growth, are closely rolled back, as is usual in the group to which this species belongs." (Eng. Bot.) There are plants at Woburn Abbey, at Henfield, and at Flitwick : at the latter place, one specimen, seven years planted, is 10 ft. high, with a trunk 7 in. in diameter. It is also in the Goldworth Arboretum, and at Messrs. Loddiges's, whence we have had

specimens of both sexes. 1 82. S. ACUMINA'TA Smith. The acuminated-leaved, or large-leaved, Sallow,

or Willow. Identification. Smith Fl. Brit., p. 1068., excluding the references to Mill. Dict. and Hoffm. Sal. (Smith in Eng. Fl.); Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 704., excluding the reference to Hoffm. Sal. ? Hayne Abbild., p. 251.; Koch Comm., p. 30., exclusively of some of the synonymes; Smith Eng. Bot., 1. 1484. Eng. Él., 4. p. 227. ; Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 131. ; Hook. Br. Fl., ed. 2., p. 421. ; Mackay

F). Hibern., pt. 1. p. 250.
Synonyme. S. lanceolata Seringe.
The Sexes. The female is described in Eng. Fl., and figured in Eng. Bot. and in Sal. Wob.

has described the inale, if what he has described belongs to this species.
Engravings. Eng. Bot., t. 1434. ; Sal. Wob., No. 131. ; ? Hayne Abbild., t. 193. ; our fig. 1530.; and

fig. 131. in p. 1628. Spec. Char., &c. Stem erect. Leaves lanceolate-oblong, pointed, wavy, finely toothed, glaucous and downy beneath. Stipules half-ovate, then kidneyshaped. Catkins cylindrical. Ovary stalked, ovate, hairy. Style as long as the undivided stigmas. (Smith É. F.) A native of England, in wet grounds; flowering in April and May. Neither Mr. Borrer nor Mr. Forbes has ever found this species wild. (Hook. Br. Fl., ed. 2) Localities in Ireland for it are stated in Mackay's Flora Hibernica. Smith and Forbes place this kind among the true sallows. (Ibid.) In its upright mode of growth, in the shape of its leaves, and in its general habit, it agrees much better with S. viminalis, S. stipularis, and S. Smithiana than with any of the sallow tribe. At Florence Court, where I collected specimens in the autumn of 1833, it has become a tree of about 20 ft. high, although growing in an elevated situation. (Mackay in Flora Hibern.) The following description is derived from Eng. Fl. and Sal. Wob., chiefly from the former :Generally of more humble growth than the S. càprea; though sometimes becoming a lofty tree, with upright, or less spreading, branches, which are always minutely downy, and very soft to the touch. Leaves of a totally different shape, commonly 3 in. or 4 in. long, and 1 in. at least in breadth; elliptic-lanceolate, tapering to an acute point, either flat or somewhat rugged, with copious, though shallow and unequal, marginal notches; the upper side green and smooth, except the midrib; under side paler, and, in a young state, glaucous; delicately soft and downy, with a prominent reddish midrib and veins. Footstalks, reddish and downy, stout, measuring full 4 in. Catkins of the female cylindrical. (Smith.) A very distinct sallow, soon recognised to be different from S. macrostipulàcea (Forbes) by its downy germen, and much larger leaves. (Id.) There are plants at Woburn, Henfield, and Flitwick (where there is a var. called S. a. alpina), and also at Messrs. Loddiges's. Specimens from the latter arboretum, also bearing the names of S. serpyllifòlia and S. repens, were S. acuminata.

App. i. Viminales in the Country, but not described. S. trichocarpa. A specimen obtained from Messrs. Loddiges, under this name, seems the same as S. incàna, according to a specimen of the latter obtained of Mr. Brooks; but it may be an allied kind, not yet described.

Group xvi. Cinèreæ Borrer. Sallows. Trees and Shrubs, with roundish shaggy Leaves, and thick Catkins.

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Ovary tomentose with silky tomentum. Leaves


The group

mostly obovate, toothed, grey or hoary, more or less wrinkled ; very veiny
beneath; stipuled branches downy. Plants trees or shrubs.
includes the kinds of willow that are usually called the sallows. (Hook.
Br. Fl., ed. 2., adapted.) The sallows are known by their obovate, or
rounded, downy leaves, and thick, early, silken catkins, with prominent,
yellow, distinct stamens, 2 to a flower. (Smith Eng. Fl., iv. p. 216.) Not
a few of the group Nigricantes Borrer also have been regarded as sallows.
Mr. Borrer, however, states that he is unacquainted with many of the
species, or supposed species, of this group, and of the group Nigricantes ;
and it is highly probable that many of them are placed wrongly. (Borrer in
a letter.)

83. S. Paʼllida Forbes. The pale Willow.
Identification. Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 96.
The Scres. The female is described and figured in Sal. Wob.
Engravings. Sal Wob., No. 96. ; and fig. 96. in p. 1620.
Spec. Char., fc. Leaves lanceolate, obovate, acute, serrated; villous and

veiny above ; beneath reticulated, glaucous, and cottony. Branches slender,
pale, villous. Stigmas ovate, deeply toothed or cloven at the base.
Ovary nearly sessile, ovate, lanceolate, silky. Style scarcely so long as the
ovate undivided stigmas. (Sal. Wob., p. 191.). A native of Switzerland.
Introduced in 1823, and flowering in April and May. Stem erect. A slender-
growing shrub, with short, palish green, round, villous branches; those of
the preceding year brownish green, glabrous, and delicately warty: The
leaves about 2 in. long, obovate-lanceolate, or often somewhat spathulate ;
dull green, veiny, and villous on their upper surface; glaucous, downy, or
rather covered with a whitish cottony substance, beneath, and reticulated;
the midrib and arched veins prominent. Footstalks shortish. Ovary almost
sessile. There are plants at Woburn, and in the Goldworth and Hackney

• 84. S. WILLDENOVIA'Na Forbes. Willdenow's Willow.
Identification. Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 41.
The Sexes. The female is described and figured in Sal. Wob.
Engravings. Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 41. ; and fig. 41. in P.

Spec. Char., &c. Leaves elliptic lanceolate, toothed, or bluntly serrated at the
base and tip; theold leaves glabrous and glaucous beneath; young ones densely
downy. Stipules large, half-heart-shaped, toothed, glabrous. Branches gla-
brous, villous when young. Ovary stalked, very silky, ovate. Style glabrous.
Stigmas notched. (Sal. Wob., p.81.) Native country uncertain. A low-
growing shrub, with brownish branches, which are green and villous when
young. The catkins appear in April, and again in August. “A very dis-
tinct and handsome species. The leaves bear a similarity to those of the
Myrıca caroliniàna, but are much larger on the young shoots. The s.
myricöides Mühlenberg (Smith in Rees's Cyclo.) is a very different plant.”

85. S. PONTEDERA'NA Willd. Pontedera's Willow.
Identification. Willd. Sp. Pl., 4. p. 661.; Smith in Rees's Cyclo., No. 18. ; Koch Comm., p. 24. ;

Forbes in Sal. Wob., No. 43.
Synonymes. S. pumila alpina nigricans, folio oleagino serrato, Ponted. Comp., 148, 149. ; S. Pon.
tedèræ Bellardi App. ad Fl. Ped., 45. ; Vill. Delf., 3. p. 766.

The male is noticed in Koch's specific character; the female is described and figured in
Engravings. Sal. Wob.. No. 43. ; our fig. 1331. ; and fig. 43. in p. 1613.
Spec. Char., 8c. Leaves elliptical, serrated, acute, glabrous; glaucous beneath,
and obtuse at their base; the midrib, footstalks, and young leaves hairy.
Ovary oblong and downy. (Sal. Wob., p. 85.) A native of Switzerland.
Introduced in 1821, and flowering before the expansion of the leaves,
in April. It is described by Willdenow as a shrub, 2 ft. or 3ft. high ; but,
in the Woburn salictum, Mr. Forbes has found it attain the height of 12 ft.
or 13 ft. in four years. In the Horticultural Society's Garden, crowded

The Sexes.

Sal: Wob.

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