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fent his principles as hollile to government.” To refure such'affertions, he therefore publishes “ some specimens, in verse and profe, of whar he has written and taught during this eventful period.” Such is the declared molive of this publication; whether this gentleman attained his object, or failed in it, we have not heard. Ii any unfavourable opinions of his principles had been formed by his neighlours, upon rational grounds, we cannot conceive low it couid be retured by an extract from one sermon, the whole of another, and lume rambling unconnected verses. We hope the charge of difaffection was illa founded; but it may have been true, aloncugh the writer occasionally uttered sentiments that were loval and juit. From fome expreffions in the sermons, we should suppole Nir. B.io be one of those who deteils, indeed (and who does not deteft ?) the enormities consignent to the French revolution ; but cannor wholly divef himself of partiality for the principles that gave it birin: we should suspect him to be one of those who deem the war unjust on the love of the enemics of France, and that her crimes are the effects of that “despair" to which, he tells us, “ she has been driven." He infilts that we are “a divided peo. ple," and speaks tenderly enough, both of the opposers of the war, and of those who " still wish for a reform in Parliainen'." But he considers all these persons as likely to unite cordially with the fuse porters of government, in the defence of their country! As a compoli. tion, his prose is not abeve mediocrity, and his verses, upon the whole, below it. He is, however, to be commended for reprobating the infi. delity of the French philofophers.
Art. 33. Concise Thoughts on the Game Laws, in which an Artempe
is made to showcu what part of them m1 htio be retained, and wha! ripealed. By a Leicestershire Freeholder. 810. 25 pp. Chapple. 1800.
There are two branches of our law, which, though many have indignantly censured, no one has yet been able materially to amend, The reader will easily guess we mean the poor and the game laws. Although, in each of these systems, tome parts may be liable to just objections, yet a total revolution in either has hicherio been deemed too hazardous an experiment for prudcnt latermen to urge, or a wise le. gillaturę to adopt. The writer of the little tract betore us, very fenlibly defends some of the leading provisions in the game laws, against which great clamovrs have been raised. He propoles, however, a few modifications, particularly that the owner of the land, though he may not be Lord of the Manor, should have equally i he right of killing game; and that the Lord of the Manor, though not owner of the Jand, should, in like manner, be entitled to purlue his sports, without being liable (as he is at present) to actions of irespass. Both the above parties must also join in granting leave to sport. Perhaps these con. current rights might produce more jealoufies and animuficies than arise under the present system. Other regulations, of less importance, some of which might, we think, be expedient, are suggested; and the tract, upon the whole, does credit to the public fpirit and judgment of its author.
Art. 34. A new Method of Instruction for Children, from Five in Ten
Years old, including Moral Dialogues, the Childrens Island, a Tale; I houghts and Marios; Models of Composition, in Writing, for Chils. dren Tenor I welve Years old ; and a new Method of reaching Chile dren to draw. Translated from the French of Madame De Genlis. 12 mo.' 350 pp. Longman and Rees. 1800.
The talents of Mad. De Genlis, both as a writer and as an inftrucfor of youth, needs no encomium from us. This last work (which, The assutes us, " is the result of a longer course of fiudy and reflection than any of her former”) will certainly prove a valuable addition to the excellent library for children which the present age has produced. The Definitions, as they are called, though they are not all so in the frictest fense, may be usefully learned by very young persons, for ihe better underftanding what they read. But we cannot think it peceffary that so much time and pains should be employed in the fiudy of them as the author seems to require. In the Dialogues there are many jut obfervations; though they are, upon the whole, much inferior in utilisy to those in Madame Beaumont's excellent work, the Magazin des Eufans. The Tale is rather whimsical than entertaining, and too fingular to be generally useful. Though it would be unreasonable to expect much novelty in the Maxims, they are digefted with judgment, and expressed with perspicuity. That portion of the work which contains Models for Composition, is that in which the novelty alledged chiefly confifts; and it certainly affords useful hints to the instructors of youth. It consists of questions, with the answers annexed (which the pupil is to be taught to give in substance, but not in the same words) Comparisons and Refutations. The sentiments are (we think invariably) jult; and the Refutations, in particular, deserve praise, as tending to guard the youthful mind against erroneous and mischievous opinions ; fone of which have been adopted by writers, whose wit and genius were calculated to give them a dangerous currency,
ART. 35. An Account of Two Charity Schools, for the Education of
Girls : and of a Female Friendly Society in York: interspersed with Reflections on Charity Schools and Friendly Societies in General. By Catherine Cappe. 8vo. 120 pp. 35. Johnson, 1800.
Publications of this kind can scarcely be deemed fit subjects of cri. ticism. The design of that before us cannot, without a very long detail, be more diftinctly explained than it is by the Preface; which breathes the true spirit of Chriftian benevolence. « 'The subject," says the humane and sensible writer, “ it is admitted, is an humble one; yet to the Christian, who knows that, in the eye of God, all his rational offspring are equal, all alike candidates for a glorious tate of endless and happy existence; or to thinking persons of whatever de. scription, the good order and proper regulation, even of a female charity school, will not seem unworthy some portion of attention."
We can confirm this remark, by declaring, that in perusing the account of these institutions (particularly that of the spinning and greycoat schools) we felt a greater degree of interest than any subject of that pature seemed calculated io excite. The conduct of the ladies who ettablished the one of these charities, and reformed the other, affords a ftriking display of active and judicious beneficence: and this publication may be highly useful to those who are disposed to forin, or entrulted to regulare similar establishmen's. Art. 36. Holmes's Tract on the Novel County-Rates, Exeter, 1999,
hypoibetically founded on the Births of Two Acts of Parliament (iz and 13 Gto. II.) now nearly Sixiy Years of Age, collaled with County, Rates, Devon, c. Where Forfeitures of Recognizances, Felons' Goods, &r. pass into his Majesty's Exchequer; but in Exeter, ta the Burser of the Chamber of Exeter; including a Skerch of the present Stare of the City, Bodies-Corporate, generally and specially discussed. By William Holmes, E/9. a Deaf Freeman of Exeter, S. C. L. Zvo. 48 pp. 15. Coker, Exeter.'
If the deaf freeman would hear our voice, he would abftain from literary pursuiis ; which require an understanding very differently conficured from that which seems to have fallen to his lor. His prefent undertaking (if we rightly comprehend it) is indeed of a nature fuf. ficiently humble, nainely, to investigate the rights and duties, and mark foine errors in the proceedings, of the Corporation of Exeter. In particular, he insists chat the charges incurred by his Majesty's forces passing through the county and city, ought to be paid by che chamber of the city, and not out of the county rates. Non noftrum eft tantus componere lite's; which can only intereit the inhabitants of that city and its neighbourhood. Even to them such a rude and undigested mass (of extracts from Charters and Acts of Parliament, with strange and absurd comments upon them) can afford but little information or benefi:.
ART. 37. The Trial of Jane Leigh Perrot, Wife of James Leigh Per
rol, Esq. charged with fiealing a Card of Lace in the Shop of Eliza. beth Gregory, Haberdasher and Milliner at Barb, before Sir Soulden Lawrence, Knt. One of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench, ai Taunton Alizes, on Saturday, the 29th Day of March, 1800. Taken in Court by John Pinchard, Attorney, of 'Taunton, 8vo. 43 pp. 25. Norris. 1800.
As we were not present at the extraordinary Trial here recorded, it cannot be expected that we should pronounce on the accuracy of this report. From the circumstance, however, of its being published by a gentleman of the law, with his name, and from the general reputation of what passed on that occasion, it has the appearance of being drawn ap with care and fidelity. Oa the trial itself, we will only remark that, as it was impossible, from the nature of the circumstances, that the charge could be pofitively contradicted (and yet this may happen in other cuts to innocent persons) the reader, it is to be hoped, will be
impressed with the necessity of preserving through life a fimilar cha. racter to that which, in this instance, proved the best protection to the party accused.
Art. 38. Reftitions on the relative Situations of Master and Servants,
historically and politicnlly confidered; the Irregularities of Servanis, the Employment af Forrigners, and the general Inconveniences resulting froin ibe Want of proper Regula!ious. Svo. 15. 6d. Miller. 1800.
That foine regulations with respect to servants are esseniially and immediately necessary, every master of a family will readily bear tes. timony. Perhaps one of the greatest evils is the formation of clubs, for the expressed purpose not only of maintaining servants out of place, but we fear for the encouragement of inlolence and depredation. This tract contains inany sensible and important obfervations on the relative ficuarious of masters and servants; and has perhaps nothing more exceptionable than the tile-page, which is too diffule, and promises too much.
ART. 39. A Manual for the Use of Coachmen, Grooms, Oflers, and all · Perbins concerned in the Care and Management of Horses; being a Seo
treiion of War Three Hundred Receipes, for the f veral Disorders to which bat noble Animal is subject; ionerner with some general Oblege vations, and an Index. 12.10. 103 PP. 25. Lee and Hurit, 7709
The compiler of this little book informs, that “ he was induced to urdertake the talk, to avoid the constant trouble he was at in transcribing single receipts for one or other of his friends." So for as our knowledge of the subject enables us to judge, he has executed that tak in general with ikill and accuracy; though one medicine is omit. ed, which we have seen given with great succefs; namely, Daffy's Elixir, for the gripes. The General Obkrvations, at the end, are use. fui, as explaining the nature and application of the remedies proposed. We therefore, without scruple, recommend this publication to all “coachimen, grooms, and oitlers," who are, or may become, readers of the British Critic.
ART. 40. Le Negociant univerfil, ru Roucil de Lettres originales de
Commerce, écrites par les meilleures Maisons de Ruffie, Hollande, Ano: gleterre, France, Ejangre, Poringal, Allemagne, Italie, Turquie, c. Avec une Table al batérique des Tirnes sufrie's dans le négoce. Once rage propre à servir de modèle à une Correspondance Françoise, et à former le vrai pizde cominercial. Urile arx Négicians, Morchard, Commis, &c. A l'Ujage de la Jeunesse Angloise qui se define au Commerce. Par G. Keegan, Maitre de l'Académie, Nlanör. Haula, Kensington. Svc. 312 pp. 55. Vernor and Hood, &c. .
The design of this author to initruct youth in commercial writing, is what many parents will approve; and the exairples are sufficientiy numerous to teach facility and variety.
Art. 41. Leçons d'histoire prononcés à l'école normale, en l’an Ill. ve
la république Française : ouvrage élémentaire, contenant dis vui's new ves jur la nature de l'Histoire; fur le détré de confiance et le genre d'
alité dont elle est susceptible; fur l'abus de son emploi dans l'éducation de la jeunele; et sur le danger de fis comparaisons et de ses imilations génés ralement vicienses; accompagnés de notes, et de trois plans relatifs à l'art de construire les falles d'allemblées publiques et délibérantes; par C. F. Volney, meinbre de l'institut Paris, an VIII.
The author, employed as Professor of History in the Ecole normale, or, rather, to inform those appointed to instruct, how they ought to teach hiftory, as well as to examine whether, and how far, hitorical knowledge ought to make a part of education, was at first itruck with the daily influence which history exercises on the actions and opinions of men.
« C'est de l'histoire,” says he, in his Advertisement, “ que dérive la presque totalité des opinions réligieuses, et en accordant à l'orgu: 1 de chaque fecte d'excepter les liennes, il n'en est pas moins évident que là où la religion est fauffe, l'immense quantité d'actions et de jugemens dont elle est la base, porte aussi à faux et croule avec elle. C'elt encore de l'histoire que dérivent la plupart des maximes et des principes politiques qui dirigent les gouvernemens, les renverlent ou les consolident ; et l'on fent quelle sphère d'actes civils et d'opinions embrasle dans une nation ce second mobile. Enfin ce sont les récits que nous entendions chaque jour, et qui sont une branche réelle de l'histoire, qui deviennens la cause plus ou moins médiate d'une foule d'idées et de dé. marches erronées ; de manière que, si l'on soumettoic au calcul 'es erreurs des hommes, j'oserois aflurer que sur mille ar icles, neuf caret quaire-vingts appartiennent à l'histoire, et je poferois volontirsen piisa cipe, que ce que chaque homme pallède de préjugés et d'idées fa:1}s, tiint d'autrui par la crédule confiance accordée aux réciis ; tandis que ce qu'il possède de vérités et d'idées exactes, vient de fon expérience perion. nelle,
“ Je croirois donc avoir rendu un service éminent, fi mon livre pouvoit ébranler le respect pour l'histuire, pallé en dogme dans le fyra tème d'éducation de l'Europe ; fi devenant l'avis préliminaire, la préface universelle de toutes les hittoires, il prémuniloit chaque lecteur contre l'empirisme des écrivains, et contre les propres illations; s'il
miere geot BRIT, CRIT, VOL. XVII. JAN. 1801,