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which as a nation, we may give thanks to the Almighty, and acknow.'' led ge his meroy towards us. We are fill in possession of the free exercile of our holy Religion, and fill under the protection of the ancient and legal form of government of this land. We have grounds for even a Itronger atrachment also, than erewhile perhaps all amongit us entertained, to the civil polity and constitution of our country, having felt the perils, to which it has been exposed, and seen the ftrength and energy, by which it has been found competent to furmount them. And we feel, I cruit, that our in:ereft is but one and the same thing with our dury, to defend what we thus enjoy, if need be, to the utmost, and to prelerve it inviolate against all attacks both of open violence, and secret conspiracy." P. 20.
Were we a nation of religious patriots, we should be unanimous in these feni imenis, and in proportion as we deserve those glorious cha«. racters, we may hope tor the approbation and blessing of the Almighty.' ART. 26. The Libertine and Ix fidel led 10 Reflection hy calm Expoftula
tion : a Method recommended, in a farewel Addrefs to his younger Bree thren, by John Duncan, D. D. Reelor of South Warmborough, Hanis. 8vo. 502 pp. 68. Cadell and Davies. 1799.
This work is a mere extension of another which appeared in 1794, and was soon after noticed by us (Brit, Crit. vol. v. p. 428). It is an amplification formed upon the very fame heads, arranged in the same order, but in magnitude increased, in the proportion of 503 to 94. We cannot say that we think it improved by this extension. It is now become wordy, and runs into an inflated semi, poeiic style, by no means good in taste, or pleasing in effect. A most excellent intention we can perceive throughout; and tl:at intention successfully pursued in general, so far as the Libertine and Infidelare concerned; but, with refpect to some principles of our established church, we cannot but think the venerable author (tor fuch we understand him to be) has accustomed his mind tv a laxity of opinion, which will not be equally instructive to his younger brethren, whom he addresses; and seems too ready to give way to those who are desirous to innovate, under prerence of amendment and reform. Dr. Duncan Mhows a just and laudable con. fidence in the protecting providence of God over true religion ; but in that spirit too much, perhaps, despises dangers which many wife as well as serious men conceive to be tormidable.
The tract was published originally without a name; but sufficient intimation of the author was given, at the same time, by advertise. mnts suhjoined to it. Art. 27. Appeals to Low reconciled with Chrißian Chariny: a Ser.
mon, preached at the offices held at Nortingham, July 31, 1800, before · the Honourable Sir Giles Rooke, Knighi, One of the Justices of the Court
of Common Pleas, and ibe Honourable Sir Sizlden Lawrence, Knighs, One of the Justices of the Court of King's Bench. By Edward Pear. fon, B. D. Rector of Rempfone, Nollinghamshire. 8vo. 23 pp. 18. "Burrell and Brandby, Ipswich; Rivingions, &c. London. · The exordium of this discourse, on Rom. xii, 19, is appropriate and judicious. “ It is a custom founded in great wisdom, that the
more Coleman occasions of administering justice, are usually preceded by religious exercises. There is an evident propriety in providing that the indignation, which may arise in us at the recital of public wrongs, and the sense of injury to ourselves, which may be excited by private ones, and by which we may be led to seek redress for either, ihould be tempered by the reflections, which iuch exercises are adapted to promote," P. 3. The preacher then proceeds to show the errors of ihose persons, who from certain texis of Scripture, which enjoin us to love our enemies, not to render evil for evil,-to forgive one another, if any man have a quarrel against any, &c. infer, " that, any appeal to the laws of our country is inconsistent with the charity prescribed to Chriftians.” P. 5. But, “though such exhortations 10. mercy and forgiveness oughe not to deter us from an appeal to law on all proper occasions, they certainly ought to have great influence on the mode of our appeal, and on the sentiments we indulge in pursuing. it.” P. 6. Among many just remarks, the following deserves to be noticed, “ In afligning different punishments to different crimes, it does not aim at proportioning them to the different degrees of moral. demerit implied in each, which would be necessary, if retribution were intended; but to the harm which the community may fuftaip from them, or the facility with which they may be perpetrated. It does, indeed, generally happen, that crimes of greater moral demerit are more severely punished. This, however, is rather accidental than de figned, and arises from the circumftance, thai, in general, crimes are prejudicial to the community in proportion to their moral demerit, Many instances might be mentioned, in which this is not the case; and, supposing the law to be consistent with itself, a single instance would be sufficient to show, that regard to public security is the prin. ciple, on which the law is conftituted.” P. 8. “ The indignation, indeed, which injuries, done either to ourselves or others, are apt to excite, is natural, and therefore justifiable; but it must be regulated by a regard to the purpose, for which it was intended. In the too common backwardness to exertion on the principles of public spirit, it is often useful, in bringing offenders to justice. It ought, how ever, generally speaking, to be but a momentary emotion of the mind. “ Be ye angry, and sin not,” says the Apostle, “ let not the fun go down upon your wraib." It may be allowed to excite us to action, but in action, we must be direted by a better principle. In having recourse, then, to the decisions of the law, dismiss from your minds every sentiment of malice and revenge. If it be possible, when you enter into a court of justice, leave all human passions behind you, more especially those of the angry kind ; for these, when indulged, will at least have an unfavourable effect on your own minds, if they should not also impel you to do injustice to your neighbour.” P. 9. Pages 12, 16, 17, &c. would also recommend this discourse, if our limits would allow us to extract them. But enough, we trust, has been produced effectually to serve this purpose.
Akti 28. Prayers for Families : consiAing of a Form, fivort but com
prehenfive, for the Morning and Evening of every Day in the Week. Sele&ted by Edward Pearson, B. D. Rector of Reimpftone, NottinghamShire. 8vo. 125 pp. 35. Adams, Jun. Loughborough; Rivingions, London. 1800.
We hail, with much fatisfaction, publications of this kind; and we truft that the effect produced by them has lately been considerable, and is happily increafing.
The author, or editor, after some remarks on prayer in general, and on family-prayer in particular, ftates, that though we have numerous publications of this kind, yet he has never met with one, which entirely accorded with his ideas. The collections of forms, which I have seen, are either so multifarious, as to leave too much difficulty of selection for each particular occasion, or so limited, as not to compre.' hend a sufficient variety either of subjects or expressions; not to say. that, in many inftances, the prayers themselves are either too verbose or too concise. Besides, in compositions of this nature, while warmth of devotion is endeavoured to be excited, there is a danger, not always very clearly shunned, of falling into sentiments or expreslions, which fober piery may not altogether approve, On the other hand, while an approach to enthufiasm is apprehended, it is easy to fall into coldness and apathy. It has been my aim, whether successfully or not, to keep the mean between the several extremes, to which I refer. In any case. there will be no harm in adding to the variety; which, if not a necessary, may at least be a pleasing accommodation to the variety of exifting tastes. But, though I did not know a work of this kind, which I approved in the whole, I was fully satisfied with various parts of many; and, as the merit of original composicion was not in view, I have freely borrowed from such, as seemed moft likely to assift me. Those of which are made the most use, are the following :-Book of Common Prayer;-Common Prayer-Book the best Companion, &c.Companion to the Altar ;-Pious Country Parishioner ;--Great Importance of a religious Life.” P. 6. Much use is very properly made of the Prayers of the Established Church ; but as, in the order in which they are directed to be used, they are of too general a nature for the purpose of family devotion, selections are here made from them ; different prayers, or parts of them, are brought together with fuitable verbal alterations. The order of subjects generaily, though not invariably, observed in this collection, is this: Introduction, Confession, and Prayer for Pardon,--Prayer for Grace, Prayer for Preservation, - Intercession,-Thanksgiving, - Conclofion. For the introductory Psalms or Hymns, which I have made use of, and which are saken from different versions of the Psalms of David, Addison's Hymns, Pope's Universal Prayer, &c. I am principally indebted to the selection of Pralms and Hymns made for the ue of the Parish Church of Cardington, in Bedfordshire.” P. 10.
To the Hymns for Sunday Morning and Evening, we recommend to be added, in another edition, two by Mr. Malon, which will be fingularly acceptable (we think) to well-educated families. In such
families, if the singing were affifted by music, a vers, desirable impression might, perhaps, be made upon some minds not sufficiently lerious. The whole work has our cordial approbation; being com. pored with much judgment, and with a warın, yet sober spirit of devocion,
Art. 29. The Diffufion of Divine Trutbe A Sermon, preached be.
fore the Religigas Tract Society, on Lord's Day, May 18, 1800; and published at their Requift. By David Bogue. 8vo. 47 Pp. 6d. 'Williams. 1800.
“ The fole object of this Society is the diffusion of divine truth, by means of small cheap tracts on lubjects purely religious, calculated to aların the profani-to awaken the inattentive-o instruct the ignoranito aflilt the plan of educaticn in Sunday schools, and the benevolent exertions of societies for visiting the fick." P. iii. In promoring this objiet we shall always molt cordially concur; yet never losing fighr, we hope, either of the professions of any society, or of the mode in which they make good those professions. The writing of religious tracts is juflified, wiihout much neceffity, at p. 1o, in a man. ner somewhat curious: Mofes, Joshua; Samuel, David, Solomon, the Prophets, and the Apostles, are said Io have composed religious tracts for the benefit of mankind. “ Nay, to do the greater bonour to this way of diffusing divine truth, God himself becomes the author of a mort religious tract: with his own hands he wrote the Ten Commandınants of the law. You see what high authority we can plead for writing as well as speaking truth." P. 10. The preaching of itinerants is vindicated in a way not less remarkable : “ Is it not a lingular circumstance, that when God had bur one fon, he mould make that son a teacher of Iruh? And, that it might be more widely diffused, he made him an itinerant preacher. Lei chofe who have ought to say against itinerant preaching, say it now." P. 19. In despite of these, and a few other sectarian eccentricities, this is a pious, animated, and vigorous piece of oratory.
Art. 30. A Sermon, preachid at the Triennial Visi!ation of the Lord
Bishop of Sarum. , By Richard Laurence, LL. D. Rretor of Great Cheverell, Wilts. 8vo. 22 pp. 75. Hanwell and Parker, Oxon; Rivingtons, London. 1800.
A found and vigorous defence of ecclefiaftical establishments in ge. neral, and of our own in particular. A few specimens will perhaps more effectually recommend this discourse, than an analyfis of its are guments. “ Nur is the affertion true, that the clergy, in this country at lait, are maintained at the public expence of the government. The property they poffefs is in all respects independent, and as such is acknowleiged and protected by the laws of the land. That it may be seized and consigned to other hands cannot be denied; but such a fei. zure (which could never take place without the subversion at our exitting laws) would perhaps answer only a temporary purpose of government, while it enriched ano: her class of men, who might be lefs, but who could not be more attached to our conftitution than its presene
poffeffors from education, habir, and principle. At any rate the confisca:ion of church revenues would annihilate a character of more utility and importance in rural diftriets than it may at first be imagined ; a character, which, while it remains, will prevent the total lofs of shat middle link in the chain of society, so much apprehended of lare from the accumulation of landed property in fewer hands; a character, which knows how to be exalted, and how to be humbled ; in its
loweit ftate of humiliation equally preserving its consistency as in its - highest state of exaltacion; which in the reciprocal interchange of dua *ties is not too far removed either below the superior classes, or above
the inferior; which by its meliorating influence, while it displays a luftre derived from its intercourse with the former, diffuses over the manners of the latter the gradual dawn of a brighter day.” Pp. 10, &c. At p. 16, the talents and learning of many among the Disenters are justly acknowledged : " It may indeed be remarked, that among the Diffenters, who enjoy no seminaries of distinction, there are Ministers eminenc both for natural and acquired abilities. But of these the best informed, and most liberal, honestly confess the great defici. ency of their order, when collectively conlidered. According to the opportunities which they posseff«d, all may have more or less profired; many in so commondable a degree, as not only to claim respect, but to excite admiration. It is the poverty of their means, that they have to lament, and not of their talents. To extend these no pains have been spared ; repeatedly has their eloquence been exerted to rouse the prin vate as well as public spirit of their respective congregations, and some. times with confiderabie effect. Hence attempts have been made to form a kind of collegiate seminary, which was to receive its principal support from contribucions. But every attempt of this fort has hitterto uniformly failed. Should not the experience of such things weigh," &c.? P. 16. Though unanimity on religious subjects, however defirable, is found by the experience of ages to be unattainable ; yet union, among Christians (whether Churchmen or Diffenters, Protestants or Catholics) “ in supporting with combined zeal the general cause of Christianity,” is well enforced at p. 18. Very jult is the following remark; and we with the thought had been pursued in its application to our own, as well as to foreign countries : “ But it is not only the garb of the Philosopher wbich the Infidel has affected in order to cheat the eyes of the multitude; for the purpose of a similar delusion, he has assumed the mak of the Patriot, and, by pretending an almost exclusive zeal for liberty, has gained a political importance, more dangerous to religion than the keenest that's of his wii, or the molt formidable batteries of his logic." P. 20.
Art. 31. A few plain Reasons for the Belief of a Christian. By Tho mas Robinson, M. A. Rector of Ruan. Minor, Cornwall. 8vo, 44 pp. 15. Crutwell, Bath ; Robinsons, London. 1800.
A tract, having a tiile very similar to this, and proceeding from the pen of Mr. Cumberland, was analysed by us in April lalt (p. 436). The two publications, however, have little similarity, except in their titles. The present has nothing polemic in it, but contains a plain and didactic itatement, 1, of the different Revelations of the Wil