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Akti 28. Prayers for Families : confifling of a Form foort but com

prehenfive, for the Morning and Evening of every Day in the Weck. Selected by Edward Pearson, B. D. Rector of Re.mpftorie, Nottinghamshire. 8vo. 125 pp. 38. Adams, Jun. Loughborough; Rivingtons, London. 800.

We hail, with much fatisfaction, publications of this kind; and we truft that the effect produced by them has lately been coofiderable, and is happily increasing.

The author, or editor, after some remarks on prayer in general, and on family-prayer in particular, ftates, that though we have numerous publications of this kind, yet he has never met with one, which entirely accorded with his ideas. 's The collections of forms, which I have seen, are either so multifarious, as to leave too much difficulty of selection for each particular occasion, or so limited, as not to comprehend a sufficient variety either of subjects or expressions; not to say. that, in many instances, the prayers themselves are either too verbose or too concise. Besides, in compositions of this nature, while warmth of devotion is endeavoured to be excited, there is a danger, not always very clearly shunned, of falling into sentiments or expressions, which sober piety may not altogether approve, On the other hand, while an approach to enthulasm is apprehended, it is easy to fall into coldness and apathy. It has been my aim, whether successfully or not, to keep the mean between the several extremes, to which I refer. In any case, there will be no harm in adding to the variety; which, if not a necessary, may at least be a pleasing accommodation to the variety of exifting tastes. But, though I did not know a work of this kind, which I approved in the whole, I was fully satisfied with various parts of many; and, as the merit of original compofition was not in view, I have freely borrowed from such, as seemed moft likely to afsift me. Those of which are made the most use, are the following :-Book of Common Prayer;-Common Prayer-Book the best Companion, &c.Companion to the Altar ;-Pious Country Parishioner ;-Great Importance of a religious Life.” P. 6. Much use is very properly made of the Prayers of the Established Church ; but as, in the order in which they are directed to be used, they are of too general a nature for the purpose of family devotion, felections are here made from them ; different prayers, or parts of them, are brought together with fuitable verbal alterations. The order of subjects generally, though not invariably, observed in this collection, is this:- Introduction, Confeffion, and Prayer for Pardon,--Prayer for Grace, Prayer for Preservation, Intercession,-Thanksgiving, -Conclufion. For the introductory Psalms or Hymns, which I have made use of, and which are taken from different versions of the Psalms of David, Addison's Hymns, Pope's Universal Prayer, &c. I am principally indebted to the selection of Psalms and Hymns made for the use of the Parish Church of Cardington, in Bedfordshire." P. 10.

To the Hymns for Sunday Morning and Evening, we recommend to be added, in another edition, two by Mr. Malon, which will be fingularly acceptable (we thiuk) to well-educated families. In such

families,

families, if the singing were allifted by music, a very desirable impression might, perhaps, be made upon fome minds not sufficien ly fe rious. The whole work has our cordial approbation; being com. poled with much judgment, and with a warın, yet fuber spirit of devotion.

ART. 29. The Diffusion of Divine Trutb. A Sermon, preached be.

fore the Religisas Tract Sóciuty, on Lord's Day, May 18, 1800; and published at their Requiff. By David Bogue. 8vo. 47 pp. 6d. Williams.

1800. “ The role ohjeet of this Society is the diffusion of divine truth, by means of small cheap tracts on lubjects purely religious, calculated to aların the profanr-io awaken the inattentive-ro instruct the ignorant-10 afiiit the plan of education in Sunday schools, and the benevolent exertions of societies for visiting the sick.” P. jii. In promoring this object we shall always molt cordially concur ; yet never losing figlir, we hope, either of the professions of any society, or of the mode in which they make good those professions. The writing of religious tracts is justified, without much necessity, at p. 1o, in a manner Tomewhat curious: Mofes, Joshua, Samuel, David, Solomon, the Prophets, and the Apostles, are said to have composed religious tracts for the benefit of mankind. Nay, to do the greater honour to this way of diffusing divine truth, God himself becomes the author of a short religious tract: with his own hands he wrote the Ten Commandın-nts of the law. You see what high authority we can pleat for writing as well as speaking truth." P. 10. The preaching of irmerants is vindicated in a way not less remarkable : ** Is it not a singular circumstance, that when God had but one fon, he mould make that son a teacher of truth? And, that it might be more widely diffused, he made him an itinerant preacher. Let those who have ought to say against itinerant preaching, say it now." P. 19. In despite of these, and a few other sectarian eccentricities, this is a pious, animated, and vigorous piece of oratory. Art. 30. A Sermon, preached at the Triennial Vifitation of the Lord

Bishop of Sarum. . By Richard Laurence, LL. D. Rector of Great Cheverell, Wilts. 8vo.

Hanwell and Parker, Oxon; Rivingtons, London. 1800.

A sound and vigorous defence of ecclefiaftical establishments in gee neral, and of our own in particular. A few specimens will perhaps more effectually recommend this discourse, than an analyfis of its are guments. “ Nor is the affertion true, that the clergy, in this country at least, are maintained at the public expence of the goveroment. The property they poffefs is in all respects independent, and as such is ac knowieilged and protected by the laws of the land. That it may be seized and consigned to other hands cannot be denied; but such a sei. zure (which could never take place without the subversion of our exitting laws) would perhaps answer only a temporary purpose of government, while it enriched ano! her class of men, who might be lets, but who could not be more attached to our constitution than its present 3

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poffeffors from education, habit, and principle. At any rate the confisca:ion of church revenues would annihilate a character of more utility and importance in rural districts than it may at first be imagined; a character, which, while it remains, will prevent the total loss of that middle link in the chain of society, so much apprehended of late from the accumulation of landed property in fewer hands; a character, which knows how to be exalted, and how to be humbled ; in its lowest ftate of humiliation equally preserving its consistency as in its highest state of exaltation; which in the reciprocal interchange of du* ties is not too far removed either below the superior classes, or above the inferior; which by its meliorating influence, while it displays a lustre derived from its intercourse with the former, diffuses over the manners of the latter the gradual dawn of a brighter day.” Pp. 10, &c. At p. 16, the talents and learning of many among the Difienters are justly acknowledged : “ It may indeed be remarked, that among the Diffenters, who enjoy no liminaries of distinction, there are Mic nisters eminent both for natural and acquired abili'ies. But of these the best informed, and most liberal, honestly confess the great deficiency of their order, when collectively conlidered. According to the opportunities which they posleffed, all may have more or less profited; many in so commendable a degree, as not only to claim respect, but so excite admiration. It is the poverty of their means, that they have to lament, and not of their talents. To extend these no pains have been spared; repeatedly has their eloquence been exerted to rouse the private as well as public spirit of their respective congregations, and fometimes with confiderabie effect. Hence attempts have been made to form a kind of collegiate seminary, which was to receive its principal support from contributions. But every attempt of this sort has hitherto uniformly failed. Should not the experience of such things weigh," &c. ? P. 16. Though unanimity on religious subjects, however desirable, is found by the experience of ages to be unattainable ; yec union, among Christians (whether Churchmen or Diffenters, Proteftants or Catholics). “ in supporting with combined zeal the general cause of Christianity,” is well enforced at p. 18. Very jult is the following remark; and we wish the thought had been pursued in its application to our own, as well as to foreign countries : “ But it is not only the garb of the Philosopher wbich the Infidel has affected in order to cheat the eyes of the multitude ; for the purpose of a fimilar delusion, he has assumed the mark of the Patriot, and, by pretending an almost exclusive zeal for liberty, has gained a political importance, more dangerous to religion than the keenest fhatis of his wit, or the molt formidable batteries of his logic." P. 20.

Art. 31. A few plain Reasons for the Belief of a Christian. By Thou mas Robinson, M. A. Re&tor of Ruan. Minor, Cornwall

. 8vo. 44 pp. IS. Crutwell, Bath ; Robinsons, London. 1800. A tract, having a title very similar to this, and proceeding from the

of Mr. Cumberland, was analysed by us in April laft (p: 436). The two publications, however, bave little fimilarity, except in their titles. The prefent has nothing polemic in it, but contains a plain and didactic Itatement, 1. Of the different Revelations of the Will

of

pen

of God. 2. Of the Reasons for believing the Old Testament. 3, Of the Reafons for believing the New Tettament. 4. Of the Reasons for believing the present Scriptures to be agreeable to the original. 5. Additional Reasons for believing in the divine Origin of Chrifti anity. In the following passage, a very judicious and impressive argument is drawn, from events which we all have lately witnelled and deplored. Speaking of the improvements of society produced by the Chriftian religion, the author says:

“ On this head, indeed, little occasion has the advocate for Christi. anity to go back to the former ages of the world. They that will not allow it the credit of leaving meliorated and improved the condition of man, have had an opportunity of witnessing the effects that have resulted from its open rejection. They have seen men absolved from every religious obligation, and left to their own natural propenfiries, to guide their conduct towards each other; and the consequence has been such as might easily have been predicted ; the venerable fabrick of social order has been shaken to its base, and but for the timely interference of divine Providence, must have been proftrated in the duft."

Mr. Robinson has certainly compressed much useful argument into a very narrow compass, and ihereby has probably rendered a material service to a large class of readers.

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ART. 32. ReficElions on the present State of Popery compared with its

formen Slate. A Sermon in Commemoration of the great Deliverances of Britain in 1605 and 1688, preached at Salters'-Hall, November 2, 1800, 10 the Supporters of the Lord's Day Evening Ledure at that Place; and published at their Requeff. By Robert Winter. 8vo. 31 PP. Conder, &c.' 1800.

The general purpose of this discourse on Rev. xv, 3, 4, is to confider the wonderful change which has taken place in the state of the Romish church, as a source of very important religious instruction. And, ift, "As affording an awful and impreffive moral lesson, on the uncertainty of all earthly greatness, and on the power and wisdom of the Governor of the universe.” P. 8. 2ndly, " As a memorable inflance of the retributive justice of God.” P. 12. This is an awful topic, and is treated (we think) somewhat presumptuously. 3dly, " As affording a molt convincing evidence of the truth of Revelation.” P.16. This important topic is well, but briefy infifted upon. 4thly, " As a caution against even seeming to countenance a cause, which God abhors.” P. 21. sthly, “ As leading our thoughts forward to its final deftruction, and the universal diffusion of the Gospel in all iis native fimplicity and glory.” P. 26. In some passages, the preacher fpeaks with just abhorrence of the atrocious wickedness which has afflicted France ; and we could with that he had forborne to speak of any among their late deeds in such soft terms as, the enterprising spirit ---ihe exertions of that nation : the enterprising spirit of that nation has completely burst the chain of dependence on Rome, by which the had long been held in captivity. And one important consequence of the exertions of the French has been, the weakening, tó a very great

degree,

degree, of the Papal cause." P. 10. Even the annihilation of Popery, and all its corruprions, by such a spirit, and such exertions, should be spoken of with unmitigated horror. We do not, however, helitate to repeat the praise which we have more than once awarded to Mr. Win

ter ; but willingly pronounce him to be an able divine, and an eloquent · preacher. ART. 33. Sermons sur le Culte Public, par Louis Mercier, Pasteur de

l'Eglife Française de Londres. Two. Volumes. 8vo. 128. Dulau.

These Sermons are evidently diftinguished by found good sense, by unexceptionable sentiments, by the purest moral doctrine, and by a {pirit of true loyalıy; but they are without that fpirit and energy which usually diltinguish French compositions of a similar nature. They have not the fascinating eloquence of Bourdaloue, nor the interesting manner of Bossuet.

SCARCITY.

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ART. 34. A Twelve Peniny Answer to a Three Shilling and Six Penny

Pamphlet, intituled A Letter on the Influence of the Stoppage of Ifjues in
Spacie at the Bank of England, on the Prices of Provisions, and otber
Commodities. 8vo. 29 pp.

Richardson. 1801. The author contends, that if the main position of the letter-writer could be maintained, these consequences must have appeared: ift. the discredit of the bank paper; zdiy, its rejection at its original and intrinsic value; and, lastly, the circulation of it at a discount. Here is a grent deal of matter, well compressed within a small compass. ART. 35. Short Thoughts on the prefent Price of Provisions. By an

Officer of the Volunteer Corps. 8vo. 15 pp. Wright. 1800.

Few, as well as short. The dearness of bread is attributed to two causes; a succession of three bad years, 1795, 1796, 1799; (to which may now be added 1800) and, " speculators being poffeffed of that degree of tariftical knowledge, by which is ascertained the exact confumption; and then, by means of combination, feeding the ovens from day to day, and the public markets from week to week.” P. 4. Concerning the existence of the former of these causes, no doubt can be entertained ; and perhaps it is alone sufficient to account for our calamity, continued from the last to the present year. The combination of such a multitude of persons, as the dealers of corn throughout the kingdom, each pursuing his own individual interest, is much more questionable : and if the ovens and markets were not thus regularly fed, what would become of us ? A return to government of the quantities of corn grown and consumed, an ascertainment of twelve month's corn being within the kingdom, and a correspondent opening or faucting of the ports, are the remedies suggested in this tract; which seems to contain abundance of good meaning, with a scanty stock of found information.

ART.

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