Page images

ble. Thus the description of the lacteals, which in the first edition was comprised within the space of two or three lines, in the present occupies more than half a page. The liver, which had by a Itrange overlight been before omitted, is here described with the ininutenels which so important a viscus deserves. The author has also been more careful in giving the definitions and derivations of the terms, in mark. ing the quantities of the words, and in short appears to have laboured, and successfully we think, to make the work worthy of the continued police and patronage of the public,


Art. 28. The Charge of Samuel, Lord Bishop of Rochester, to the

Clergy' of wis Diocese, delivered at his Second General Visitation, in the Year 1800. Published at the Request of the Clergy. 4.10. 36 pp. is. 6d. Robson. 1800.

When a composition of such diftinguished excellence as the present Charge demands our report, we feel it almost a duty to place it among the leading articles of our work, that the confpicuousness of the situation may attract an attention, without which our suffrage would be given in vain. It has happened, however, in the present instance, that some months (to reviewers always very short) have stolen by, without the allotment of such a place to this production; and in clofing the present Review, we feel more inclined to express our sentiments immediately, though briefly, than to hazard another procrastination. The chief use of a more detailed account, would be to excire the desire of seeing the original, and this, even a short sketch may possibly effect.

The Billion opens his Charge by speaking of the present crisis, as demanding, in a very peculiar degree, the attention of the clergy. He ftates the centre of mischief to love been placed in France, and defcribes with a strong, though rapid touch, is conspiracy again religion, which is detailed by Barruel and Robison. !!10. or acep and found learning throws a luftre over this narrative, and the Bishop speaks of perverted knowledge as a man to whom the moft correct is intiinately familiar. What he then says on the rise of Antichrift, depends upon ideas respecting those famous prophecies, which we shall not now discass, though highly worthy of consideration. The learned prelate then denies and refutes the insidious assertion, circulated for the worst purposes, that the atheistical sect in France were enemies only to the corruptions of Christianity, True it is, that the glaring corruptions of Popery gave them a vast advantage in carrying on their. insidious designs; but to Christ and his Apostles, and to goodness in every Ihape, they certainly were enemies. The proofs of this important truth are given at some length.

The Bishop then describes the mode of attack which seems to be going on in this country, changed and modified so as to suit a people far from being ripe for andisguised Atheism. He traces the conspirators against religion in a new species of pretended Methodists, but difs guised Jacobins, whose business is to alienare the people from the Clergy, by the aid of an enthusiasm, which serves only as a cloke for


ilic most dangerous designs. These people he represents as forming schools for teaching, with extremne affiduity, their perverted doctrines; and recommends to his clergy, that they should form and carefully superintend schools of a right tendency, as the best method of counter. acting such schemes. This is the true purport of what had been publicly misrepresented concerning a speech of the same prelate in the flouse of Lords. He concludes with many very momentous suggeftions, on the mode of teaching and preaching the whole, and not the mutilated doctrine of the Apostles; subjoining at the end a few words, but of great fignificance, on the subject of residence.

We have ihus analyzed a discourse, as pregnant with valuable matter as any that has been produced for a confiderable time. As we cannot here add specimens of such a length as to edify the reader, we shall only add, that the ityle of the Bishop gives full effect to his thoughts, and that ideas of the utmost consequence are always conveyed in terms of suitable energy.

ART. 29. A Sermou, preached before the Honourable the House of

Commins, at the Church of St. John the Evangelift, Westminfter, on l'riday, February 13, 1801, being the Day appointed for a General Faf. By Richard Proffer, D. D. Rretor of Gateshead, Durban. 410. 23 pp. 15. Payne, &c. 1801.

There is something in the style of Dr. Proffer solemn and energetic, not without a degree of ftiffness, but redeemed by precision and force, His text is, “ As many as I love I rebuke and chasten : be zealous therefore and repent. Behold I stand at the door and knock.” (Rev. jji, 19.) The preacher, in conformity with this text, confiders our public difficulties of all kinds as warnings from the Lord, which ought to be improved by practical repentance, and a forsaking of those offences which have brought us into popiexity and danger, The following picture of our late dimiculties, and the mode in which they have been met, is of eminent merir.

" It was a situation of danger and difficulty, from which our rescue seemed almost impossible, without many signal successes. It presented abroad and at home much to be planned by talent; much to be gained or prevented by vigilance; much to be supported by pa: tience; much to be surmounted by persevering and deliberate fortitude, or executed by prompt and timely valour: in a word, it demanded, through the wide range of public service, qualifications the moft accomplished. Yet these requisies have been displayed by so many persons, in the various departments of public service, and in so many critical instances, that, on taking these occurrences together, crowned as they all are by the personal character of the Sovereign, it may juftly seem that a particular provision was made, for that trying fituation, through which the country was to pass; and that a gracious Provi. dence raised up an agency to conduct and sustain us under this unprecedented struggle; and, as it Mould seem, specially adjusted great infruments to the dangers and difficulty of the occasion.”


Art. 30. A Sermox, preached in the Parish Church of Dndlry, or

Friday, February 13, 1801, the Day appointed for a General Fot; containing an Address to British Soldier: (a respectable Body of them being iken present). By the Rev. L. Boker, LL. D. Published by Requeft, för ihe Benefit of the Soup Charity in the said Parish; and dedicated, with Permission, to his Royal Highness ihe Duke of York. The Second Edition. 8vo. 32 pp.' 18. West and Hughes, Pas' ternoster-Row.

This is by no means a common discourse, but fach as is highly deserving of distinction, for the most prudent use of eloquence, and the most energetic application of sentiments truly and profoundly religious. It has, in fact, already been distinguished, as the riile-page informs us ; for a second edition of a temporary discourse is an appearance by no means usual. It will not, however, pause there, it our fincere and hearty recommendation can alift it.

The matter of this Sermon is, of necessity, the same as that of other Similar productions, the judgments of God, the fins that occasion, and the repentance that may sufind them. The more the praise, if a su. perior effect be produced, which, to our feeling and apprehension, is The case. Dr. Booker begins with the example of the Jews, which, from the prophecy of Amos, he explains with force, and applies with propriety; fuperadding to the fuzgeftions of the prophet the doctrines of the Gospel. Having occasion to advise “the redeeming of the time, because the days are evil,” he adds, with singular force, “ a truth, I believe, which will not be controverted by any one. All ranks among us frel them to be fo ; and the cause I fear is owing to ourselves. We are evil. Is it then a wonder that we should be visited with evil days, the just punilhment of evil doers? Let us only ceale to do evil, and learn to do well, and, in proportion as we amend, God will amend the times."

Dr. B. chen recommends the strideft prudence to all ranks; to be wasteful and luxurious, at such a time, is, he observes, “ as inconsistent as to revel and riot in the midit of a conflagration.” He advises even those who have but little, by no means to milife that little ; an advice very far from fuperfluous. He proceeds in recom nending Chriftian duties, and lamenting the omission of them; and carefully points out what heavier judgments may fall on us if we continue impenitent. The picture of a country made the actual leat of war is no less just than terrible (p. 18).

Having pointed out our causes for thankfulness in being exempted from such evils, the preacher rurns his parricular address to the foldiery. Here his energy and his judgment are equally conspicuous. " You, my valiant countrymen,” he says, among other things, “are exposed to twofold danger, to the arms of a daring foreign foe, and to the specious lures of domeltic trailors. I need not tell you that the laiter danger is of the greater magnitude, both to yourselves and to your country. The former in your minds awakens no terror. Should you go forth to encounter it in the field of battle, you will acquit you like men :” a truth most gloriously exemplified in our recent accounts


from Egypt.. But with respect to the other danger, “ the bare ato tempt will only excite your virtuous abhorrence and indignant scorn. This manly conduct as it has distinguished, will continue, I trust, to distinguish you as soldiers and subjects of your Sovereign.” He then reminds them of the heavenly Sovereign, to whom allo they owe al. legiance, and expatiating forcibly on that fubject, concluiles with a wish for plenty and peace. An excellent and pious Prayer is subjoined.

We have praised Dr. Booker on former occasions, and sometimes as a poet, but the commendation of a discourse fo judicious as ihis, is fill of higher imporr. Art. 31. An Introduktion to the Study of the Bible: being the Fourth

Edition of the First Volume of the Elements of Chriflian Theology ; containing Proofs of the Authenticity and Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures; A Summary of the History of the Jews; an Account of the Jewift Sects; and, a brief Statement of the Contents of the several Books of the Old and New Testaments. By George Pretyman, D. D. F. R. S. Lord Bishop of Lincoln. 12mo. 55. Cadell and Davies. 1801.

We have already borne testimony to the merits and excellence of this publication, and that the public have done the same, fatisfactorily appears from this extract of the very learned and exemplary prelate's two larger volumes having gone through four editions, before a copy came into our hands. For an account of the Elements of Chriftian Theology at large, the reader is desired to consult our 141h volume, pp. 465,610. The work altogether was intended for the use of the younger students in divinity ; this republication of the first volume of Elements is calculated for universal use; and it will hardly be denied, that a more judicious, convenient, and acceptable account of the contents of the Books of the Old and New Testament never before appeared.

Art. 32. Sermons on various Subjects and Occafions. By Alexander Granı, D. D. Minifter of the English Chapel at Dundee. In Two Volumes. 8vo. 125. Hatchard. 1800.

These are plain, sensible, and manly discourses, written with an energy which shows the author to have a becoming zeal in his profession, untinctured by enthusiasm. There are in all thirty-fix Ser. mons; but we do not see why they might not have been comprized in one volume. They are published by subscription, and dedicated to the Countess of Aboyne. We have read the chief part of these Ser. mons with great satisfaction, and very conscientiously recommend them to general perusal,

Art. 33. Sermons. By the late Rev. William Elisha Faulkner, Mi.

nister of Ely Chapel, Lecturer of St. Giles's in the Fields, and One of the Evening Letturers of St. Antholin's, Watling-Street. 8vo. 1os. 60. Rivingtons. 17996

This volume, which has accidentally been mislaid, appears to have been published with the view of softening the affliation of the widow.


The very idea difarms criticism. The Sermons are twelve in number, and the doctrines they inculcate are fuch, as an honest Christian minister feels it bis indispensable duty to impress again and again upon his hearers, unawed by the contagion of vicious examples, and of a cor. rupted world. The discourses are plain, simple, feriptural, and prove the author to have been well and intimately acquainted with the writings which it was his duty to explain and enforce.

Art. 34. The Folly, Guilt, and Punishment of refifling lawful Go

vernment. A Sermon, on the 25th of October, being the Fortieth Arniversary of his Majesty's Accesion to the Throne. By Alexander Cleeve, Å. B. Vicar of Wooler, Northumberland, Chaplain to his Grace the Duke of Portland, and Author of Devotional Exercises and Contemplations, extracted from the Psalms in the Liturgy. 410. 11 pp. 18. Rivingtons, &c. i800.

Discoursing on Romans xiii, 1, 2, the preacher firft sets before his hearers, “ some of the delusive, injurious, and highly criminal pretences, for resistance to lawful authority; in order to justify the extreme severity of the punishment here denounced against it ; id, secondly, demonstrates, that our countrymen, having reasons of the most powerful nature to honour and obey the King, and all who are put in authority under him, may rather be induced to unite their efforts for the general safety; and by joining in one indivisible, per, manent, and national interest, afford a great and instructive example to other governments, less favoured than our own.” P. 2. This discourse is distinguished rather by its plain good sense, than by ele gance and refinement.


Art. 35. Remarks on the Poor-Laws, and the Maintenance of the

Poor. By William Bleamire, Esq. Barrister al Law, and One of the Police Magiftrates. 8vo. 15. 68. Buccerworth.

This pamphlet, by an upright and excellent magiftrate, contains some judicidus observations. Mr. B. is of opinion, that the present laws relating to fettlements should be abolished, and that all persons should be confidered as settled in the parish or place where they may happen to want relief. We think there is great occasion for amendment in the poor-laws; but the merits of the plan here recommended can only be ascertained by long experience,


« PreviousContinue »