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be equally extended to her children. But there lurks even yet behind a more extraordinary mistake. . .

Where, in the name of every classical rudiment, did Mr. C. learn, that Achilles was reputed a bastard by his countrymen ? There is no marriage more famous, in the legends of antiquity, than that of Peleus and Thetis. Homer introduces the mother of the hero, making it the subject of most bitter complaint against Jupiter, that he gave her in marriage to a mortal hufband, much againft her inclination.

Τον δ' ήμέιζετ' έπειτα Θέτις καταδακρυχίασαν
"Ηφαις', ή άρα δή τις, όσαι θεαί είσ' εν Ολύμπω,
Τοσσάδ' ενι φρεσιν ήσιν ανέσχείο κήδεα λυγρά
Οσσ' εμοί εκ σασέων Κρονίδης Ζεύς άλλε' έδωκεν και
'Εκ μέν μαλλάων αλιέων ανδρί δαμασσεν, .
Αιακίδη Πηλήί, και έτλης ανέρου ευνών,
Πολλά μάλ έκ έθέλεσα· ο μεν δη γήραϊ λυγρώ

Κείται ένα μεγάροις αρημένος. Ιliad, lib. Σ, 428. . Achilles himself is further represented by the poet, relating that the arms, which Hector had taken from the body of Pao troclus, were the gift of the gods to his father on his wedding.

day.

τεύχεα δ' Εκλως Δηώσας απέδυσε πελώρια, θαύμα ιδέσθαι, Καλά, τα μεν Πηλής θεοι δόσαν, αγλάα δώρα, "Ημαθι τω, ότε (ε βρoτε ανέρG» έμβαλον ευνή.

Ως όφελες C μεν αύθι μετ' αθανάτης αλιησι

Ναίεν, Πελευς δε θνητην αγαγέσθαι άκοίτιν. liad Σ, 82. . One of the most familiar anecdotes in the Heathen mythology is represented as having happened at the celebration of these nuptials. The marriage which gave birth to the hero, occasioned also a quarrel that covered him with glory, and proved the cause of his immature death. The celebrated contest between the rival goddesses, for pre-eminence in beauty, originated from the golden apple flung among the deities assembled at this festival, with an inscription, that it should be given to. the tairest. This, as every school-boy knows, produced the fatal judgment of Paris at Mount Ida, which was revenged by the utter destruction of his country.

Ilion, Ilion
Fatalis inceftusque judex

Et mulier peregrina vertit

In pulverem. In considering his subject, so far as it comprehends the laws of Greece, Dr. C. is by no means satisfactory. He has no reference to that very useful work, the Archæologia Græca of

Arch

Archbishop Potter. Upon a comparison between the infortna: tion contained in the two Books on this subject, there seems a fimilarity, not only of ideas, but also in the manner of con. nating them together, which might juft ty a suspicion, that Dr. C. owes greater obligations to that work than he has chosen to acknowledge. What may chiefly serve to rescue him from the imputation is, that fame of its most valuable materials are omined in the Essay. There is an opinion flated in the Ara chæologia, lib. 4. chap. ii. to which he ought to have attend. ed: the Bishop states, that the mother's conleni, as well as the father's, was necessary to a marriage. The notion seems by no means correa ; and we wonder that Dr. C. fhould pass it by un noticed, when he has remarked upon the rule of the civil law in this particular, p. 89 of his Essay. But he bas neither informed us whether a marriage was valid by the Athenian law, though the consent of the parent was withheld, or, if consent was necessary during a certain age, at what period it used to be fo. Yet these points were more immediately connected with the subject matter of the case which he profelles to have given rise to his Elíay, than many which he has discuited more at large. If any one feels inclined to commend fuch diligence, it must be in the spirit of Demipho in the play, who, after a grave consultation with his three lawyers, on a similar question, exclaims,

Fecistis probe: Incertior fum multò quàm dudum. The limits to which we must of neceffity restrict our ac. count of all works of this size and importance, muft prevent us from examining the observations of Dr. C. and tracing him to his authorities with equal minuteness through the remainder of his Essay. His outline of the Roman law seems executed with sufficient accuracy, and is calculated to give the general reader all that knowledge which he usually covers to acquire, It is indeed to be withed, that he had treated in a more particular manner of the laws of England, which regulate the instirution of marriage, and the rights of children. The reader will naturally and reasonably expect more upon that head than a dry communication : “ that the comparison (i. e. of England) with other laws will be best made by conJuliing the corresponding heads in the abridgments and digests,” accompanied with a partial enumeration of a few disa indtions. This would have enabled Dr. C. 10 justify - the preference which he has properly given to the constitutions of our own law, above those with which he has compared them, upon grounds more fatisfactory than he has now taken. (To be concluded in our next.)

Art, Art. XIV. Poems by William Bifiawen, Esq. Author of a

Translation of the Works of Horace into English Verje. Svo.

147 pp. Síockdale. 1801. W HOEVER has examined the Translation of Horace pub

W lithed by Mr. Boscawen*, will expect from him, as an original writer, claslical elegance of taste, and a masterly knowledge of versification. If io these requisites he shall be found to add a mind alive to the best feelings of man, and an understanding well-inatured, no doubt can be entertained of his producing such a volume as will deserve the public patronage. Such appears to be the general character of ihe present public cation; in which the pleasing excursions, rather than the bold flights of a mind attached to poetry, will, in general, be found to claim atiention.

Among the Poems here collected, several were produced for a purpose truly benevolent. They were designed to give celebrity and popularity to an institution for the relief of lile. rary persons involved in decay or distress. This intention, aided by the very laudable personal exertions of the author and his friends, they have fully answered ; and the LITERARY FUND, the institution for which they were written, recited, and in the first instance published, is now a flourishing society, with a nobleman for its Presidenit, whose attachment to literature is at least as honourable to himself, as his name to the body which he has thus adopted. Thus raised, and thus fupported, the Literary Fund gives a sufficient pledge to the public, that its charities will not be misapplied, to the encouragement of pernicious scribblers, the pest of letters, but confined to the relief of real merit in distress. The Poems produced for this society, being already known to the public, will not be the subject of our present remarks. We shall conient ourselves with producing one or two specimens from those parts which are now first published, and leave the reader to estimate

from them the entertainment he has to expect from the colo ·lection.

" TO CONTENTMENT. WRITTEN sept. 1791.
O'er the wild heath, at early dawn,

I trace thy footsteps, gentle pow'r!
At noon, retiring froin the lawn,

I seek thee in the shadowy bower.

* Bitt. Crit. vol. I, p. 239, 433 ; xi, 404.

+ The Duke of Somerset. This arrangement was on the point of being completed, when the present article was written,

When

When chilling blasts and nightly dews

Warn me to quit the drooping grove,
I woo thee to inspire my Mule,

Or bless the hours of social love.
And, while our offspring, void of guile,

Around in sportive frolics join,
I watch the fond maternal smile

Of her whose every joy is mine.
Ah! sweet Contentment! heavenly maid,

Wilt thou not hear thy vot'ty's prayer?
Nor the gay sports, nor silent shade,

Nor soft domestic pleasures share?
Vain were the hope : true Love disdains

The joys that reach itself alone :
It faddens at another's pains,

It glows with rapture not it's own.
As the pale orb of Cynthia throws

l's borrow'd luftre o'er the night,
My soul no native transport knows,

It shines but with reflected light.
Come, then, dear Goddess! fix thy reign

In my lov'd Celia's gentle breast;
Chase anxious care, quell murmuring pain,

And, blessing her, preserve me blett." P.27. There is a fimplicity in the design of this Ode, which shows evidently that the writer has more taste than ambition ; a very uncommon case with authors of the present day. A merit of the same kind is very conspicuous also in the following Song.

i " THE PROGRESS OF AFFECTION. A SONG.

When the first dawn of Celia's charms

Rose to my unexpecting fight,
Enraptur'd wonder, fofc alarms,

Filld every sense with new delight.
Yet, by the world's examples taught,

Which scorns the gen'rous flame to own,
I liccle heeded, little thought,
That “ Love is Virtue's gift alone!"

II.
When native sense and modest grace,

With manners artless, tho' refin'd,
Ensur'd the triumph of the face,

And gently chain’d the willing mind,
By just reflection undeceiv'd,

Stern Reason bow'd at Beauty's throne ;
Then first I thoughı, then first believ'd,

That “ Love is Virtue's gift alone."

- IU. But

III.
But when Affection's soft controul,

Beyond or sense or beauty's power,
Had purified, had fix'd the soul,

Once varying with the changeful hour:
By truth and tenderness I ítrove

To merit blifs till then unknown ::
Ah! then I felt the power of Love!

! For “ Love is Virtue’s gift alone.” P. 94. We should add, that though we have selected only one fpecies of composition, the book offers various kinds. The Elegy with which it opens is written with a most laudable intenuon, to correct the general want of religious application in the famous Elegy of Gray, The final reference to the divine judgment, respecting the merits and frailties of the author, with which that Elegy concludes, should, we think, a'luule have softened the ceniure here implied. The love of Horace appears in this volume, in a few playful imitations addressed to various friends; and it is closed by a Poem of the controversial kind, now first avowed, called the Progress of Satire, in which the author contends with courage, and not without skill, against a very able antagonist.

Thorany ellentiy hole. By...Fan. Hon, &c. 87

Art. XV. A General Treatise on Music, particularly on

Harmony or Thorough Bass, and its Application in Composition; containing also many essential and original Subječts, tending to explain and illustrate the Whole. By M. P. King. Dedicated to Lord Discount Dudley and Ward. Jan. 1, 1800. Large Folio. Engraved Plates. xxii pp. Introduction, &c. 81 pp. Work. Il.is. Printed for the Author, No. 123, Greac Portland-Street, by Goulding and Co. No. 45, Pall Mall. Second Edition, April 17, 1801. O understand the science of Music has ever been considered

as a matter of some difficulty. Many authors, in this and other countries, have attempted to smooth the path to its attainment ; and if all have not succeeded, yet most have left some useful remarks for the advantage of their successors. Mr. King now adds another Treatise to the former stock; and although he is frequently erroneous, yet, in the general execua tion of a well-arranged plan, he has left far behind him all former writers on the subject. Oo

In BRIT, CRIT. VOL. XVII, MAY, 1801

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