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Art 43. Cautions to young Sporrfmen. 8vo. 24 pp. 6d. Robson.
This small tract being written with the humane design of preventing dangerous or fatal accidents, which frequently occur through the inexperience of young men, will certainly obtain a proper conlideration from the persons concerned. It will add new weight to the sog. gestions, if we mention, that it is understood to be written by Sir Thomas Frankland. A great part of it regards the safe use and management of the double-barrelled gun. ;
Art. 44. The Principles of English Farriery vindicated; containing
Strictures on the erroneous and long exploded System, lately revived at - the Veterinary College, interspersed with cursory Remarks on the Syftems
of Solleyfell, de Saunier, de la Forfe, &c. &c. In which is fully difplayed, the Superiority of English Farriery over tha: of foreiga Nations. By John Lane, A. V. P. lure of the Second Regiment of Life-Guards. 8vo. 97 pp. 45. Riebau, &c. 1800.
As our countrymen excel in the breed, and in the general management of horses, it is not improbable that they are superior also in the medical and economical treatment of them. The patriotic attempt of this A. V. P. will therefore deserve che consideration of students : in this branch of knowledge; and if he occasionally rides the high horse, he is likely, from his professional experience, to do it with lecurity.
ART. 45. Ueber die mittel Naturgeschichte gemeinnütziger zu machen,
&c. On the Means of rendering Natural History more useful, and of 'introducing it into common Life, and among the different Clases of So.
ciety; will the Plan of a Series of Works tending to promote this End, . by F. J. Bertuch. Weimar. 410. with three Plates.
, Every one, says M. Bertuch, is convinced of the important and general influence which the knowledge of natural history has on agricul. ture, manufactures, commerce, the arts, and on political and domestic economy. It is now taught, and looked upon to be indispensably
necessary, in different univerGities and colleges; it constitutes a part of public and private instruction; every day the number of its amateurs increases, and new societies are formed which occupy themselves with it. But still, notwithstanding the great progress it has made, considered as a science, it is very far from having received the numerous applications to the purpoles of society, of which it is capable; and the knowledge of natural hiftory is not yet sufficiently disseminated, more particularly among the inferior classes. The advantages resulting from it would, however, be found not less important than numerous. It would contribute most effectually to destroy many prejudices which till prevail among the lower ranks of the people, detrimental to their daily em. ployments and on erations ; it would teach them to avail themselves of a variety of indigenous natural productions for the necessities of life,' to avoid the dangers to which they may otherwise be exposed from different animals, noxious plants, or minerals, &c.
M. Bertuch speaks. afterwards of the causes by which hitherto the general propagation of the knowledge of Natural History has been fo much retarded. Natural history has been treated in so scientific and learned a manner as to place it beyond the comprehension of those persons who do not make an immediate study of it. The want like. wise of good figures, or objects of Natural History, is another great impediment to its general dissemination, as well as that of suitable elementary books. M. Bertuch proceeds, in the next place, to the means of removing these obitacles. The first mean, a complete enumeration of all known natural bodies, and of their characters, or, rather, a good Syftem of Narure, executed after the particular views conformable to the proposed plan. The second mean, the adoption of an easy and na. tural fyltem of classification, founded on the exterior and visible relations of bodies, because their anatomical, chemical relations, &c. are not adapted to vulgar comprehension. M. Bertuch propofes, with this view, the system of M. Batsch, as the most easy and natural. The third mean, good figures of the three kingdoms of Nature, published in systematical order. As these engravings form the basis of the undertaking announced by M. Bertuch, he enters into considerable detail with respect to them. The fourth mean, certain elementary books on Natural History, adapted to the comprehension of the vulgar, and calculated to render the knowledge of it more popular. The fifib mean, instruction in this science, according to these elementary books. Tho fixth mean, the eilablishment of societies of Natural History among
the Audents in each university. The ferventh mean, the formation of · collections of Natural History, for the scholars in the different schools.
After these preliminary observations, Mr. B. gives the plan of a work, which he has been employed in preparing for many years, and of which the execution requires all the talents and zeal of the intended author. The engravings, as has already been observed, constitute the principal part and basis of this work; to execute which, Mr. B. has himself been obliged to form designers, engravers, and illuminators, who might possess a taste for objects of Na'ural History. He is aslift. ed in this undertaking by Mr. Tunke of Deliau, and Mr. Bassob, Professor of Natural History at Jena.
The The works which Ms. B. announces, and which he means to publif successively, are :
1. Engravings of universal Natural Hifory of the three kingdoms, with a complete enumeration of all the natural b: dies, at present enknown, and a synoptical Table of their characters.
2. A Manual for the use of those who are to teach popular Natural History in schools and serninaries, or for amateurs who wish to instruct themselves, without ftudying the science ex-profeflo.
3. Elements of popalar Natural History, for the use of schools.
4. An Abridgment of popular Natural Hiftory, for the use of infe. rior and country schools, with a selection of the moft necessary figures.
The engravings will be in large quarto, and appear by cahiers, in the three natural kingdoms together. Mr. B. conceives, that the ani. mal kingdoin will contain about 240, the vegetable 200, and the minesal about to plares. That amateurs may be enabled to form fome judgment of the execution, three, one for each kingdom, are annexed to the present work. For the accommodation of foreigners, Mr. B. will likewise publish a French edition of the short text which is to accompany the engravings.
Art. 46. Christiani Theophili Kuinæl, Prof. Lipf. Narratio de Jo
anne Friderico Fischero ad Virum Magnificum et fumme Rev. Franciscum Volkmarum Reinhardum, Theol. D. &c. '1800. Leipzig, 8vo.
Of the late J. Fr, Fischer, whose merit as a philological and exege. tical scholar is generally acknowledged, the author of this eulogium
ddressed to Fr. V. Reinhard, say, p. 20: Nojti quam diligens fuerit diei dispensator, quam mirabilem a narura alacritat: m facilitatemque agene di habuerit, quantopere fugerit afsiduam et promiscuam cum aliis confuetudia nem, quam fobrie er temperanter vixerit. Laborandum fe dictitabat, a faepius eum affirmare me mini, fe, quanquam fenem, quotidie discere debero nec aliis fuas invidere voluptates, fe enim unicè literis dele&tari, et fludium literarum ac virtutis anteponere fludiis rebusque aliis omnibus. The prin
ciples of his exegerical instruction are thus, in part, described by Prof. · K. ridebat eos, (sa;s he, in p. 26) qui neglecta plenaque linguarum ve
terum et legum juftæ interpretationis cognitione, commendarent et nimiis laudibus extollerent interpretationem praćticam five moralem, qun noftra ætate quamplurimi tantopere abufi funt. Ipfe in explanandis illufirandisque scripe lorum facrorum locis alsīdue grammaticis illis subsidiis un batur, &c. As instances of writers who, among others, are understood to have availed themselves of the labours of the late Fischer, to increase their own li. terary fame, we find here mentioned Bahrdt, who had the assurance to publish, in his own name, his ( Fischer's) Prælections on Malachi, which had been lent him to transcribe; and Dashe, the supposed author of the excellent and much-esteemed Differtation de Aquilæ reliquiis in Hosea, &c.
ART. 47. Codicis Uffenbachiani, qui epistolæ ad Hebreos Fragmenta
continet, recenfus et specimen ære exfculp!um, auct. H. Ph. Coor. Henke. Helmftädt, 4to. 1800.
As this valuable MS. (Wetfte in and Griesbach, Cod. 53) which is now preserved in the library at Hamburg, had been very imperfectly described by Majus, Welftein, and Bengel, the author has certainly rendered an important service to the biblical critic, in paying the atteotion to it which he has done. He confiders it to belong, at least, to the ninth century; and we perfectly subscribe to the judgment of Berto gel, when he says, that fi integer hic «xlaret codex, hodie vix paren babiret. As the MS. is generally very free from errors, it is the more remarkable, that v. l. of ch. ii. is entirely omitted in it; which, inideed, is not absolurely necessary to complete the sense. Instead of the common reading xupito Tscu, ch. ii. 9, it has likewife the other xwpis Ss:v, which the author of this Programma is disposed to prefer. Ibid.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS TO CORRESPONDENTS,
'P. C. whose hand we perfectly recognize, might have written in a more friendly style. We are willing, however, to alsure him, that, in our review of Mr. Gilpin's Hints for Ser. mons, we meant to cenfure only shofe who presume to write against the doctrine in question. We had even particular persons in our eye, whom we forbore to mention, lelt we should engender the very difputations we wished to discourage. In the other matter also, our respect for prisule wosseh produced a forbearance, which candour certainly will not misinterpret; particularly when it is considered, that we made fome objec. rions, and hinted at many more.
A fourth volume of Mr. Burke's works is in the press, cone taining the pieces printed since the publication of the three quarto volumes which appeared during his life.
An octavo edition of the whole of Mr. Burke's works, in eigh volumes, is also preparing for publication.
A fourth volume of Sermons, by the lale Dr. Samuel Carr, will appear in the course of the present month.
A collected edition of Goldsmith's works is nearly ready for publication, as also a new edition of Johnfon's works, and of chofe of Locke.
A new edition of the works of Dean Swift, in eighteen volumes, o&avo, improved from that published by Mr. Sheri. dan, in 1784, has been some time in the press, under the direction of Mr. Nichids, and may be expected in a few weeks.
Mr. Tidi's edition of Milton, in five volumes, octavo, will appear early in June.
Mr. Jones's works are in great forwardness.
A new edition of Dr. Langhorn's translation of Plutarch's Lives, in fix volumes, octavo, will soon be ready for publis - cation. '
Mr. Maurice's Modern History of Hindustan, is in some forwardoels at ihe press.
Mr. Kett has nearly completed his work on the Elements of general Knowledge, intended for the use of Rudents in the unia verflies, and the higher claties of schools.
The Rev. Mr. Bingley, of Peter House, Cambridge, has, ready for the press, a work entiiled Sketches of Nature, defcrip. tive principally of the Economy of the Animal and Vegetable Kingdoms. He is also preparing a Synopsis of British Zoology, on the plan of Dr. Withering's arrangement of British plants.
We understand that the Magistrates in the Southern part of Westmorland, intend to compile and publiny a regular account of their Townships, with the numbers of the inhabitants, from the returns of the Overseers under the laie Act. As this plan will be highly useful to Magistrales, if completed throughout England, it is earnestly beped that the example will be followed. i
The work for Westmorland is chicily promoted by Mr. Wilfun, ot Cafterson Hall, near Kirkby Lonsdale.
In our Review for March, p. 179, 1. 3, for parliaments, read bailments. Line 5, for applicable, read applied. Line 17, for adequare. tead inadequaté. P. 180, 1. 18, 19, for Conyer's, read Comya's. .