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Akt. 15. A Perp ar Provincial Routs. A Poem. 4to. 15 pp.' is
Wright. 1801. .. i This writer (for we hall not be justified in calling him a pout) is too vehement and indignant in his language, considering the subject of which he treats. He justly reprobates walle, and the indulgence of luxury in the higher classes of society; yet, at the entertainment he describes, tea alone appears to have been distributed. With like justice he inveighs against gaining, but does not alled ge high play to prevail at those Routs, which are the subject of his fatire. In a note at the conclusion, he very properly disclaims che intension of considering “ cards, when resorted to merely as an amusement, in a vicious light;" and we agree with him in condemning them, when they “ become a business and confirmed gaming." Yet his Mure will not, we fear, effect the dissolution of the trivolous assemblies he ftiginatizes (of which, waite of time is perhaps the greatelt evil); nor will he easily oulfcold the Dowagers and Tabbies who frequent them.
Art. 16. Ramah Droog : a Comic Opera, in Three Arts, as pero
formed with universal Applaufe at the Theatre-Royal, Covent Garden. By James Cobb, El7. 8vo. 74 pp. 25. Longman and Recs.
Our associates reâdent in the country, observethat operas and farces and even comedies and tragedies, when referred to their opinion, are almost sure to be reported of in a way very different from that which had been experienced at the theatres-royal in London. They declare that they cannot consider, nor make allowances for, the plan on which plays seem to them now generally written; that is, not for the audience, but for the actors. If one of these isay our friends) excels in grimace, another in comic action, or a third in ranting; the play is writren with the fole detign of exhibiting these respective
:wers. Humour and drollery, wit and sentiment, real pathos and Subliinity, are altogether un sential to the piece itfelf; provided the actor be placed in a firaation proper for fubfticoring any counterfcits in their room.
The Comic Opera of Ramah Droog, is produced as a complete cafe in point. It is said to be really pertormed, at Covent-Garden, with applause fo univerfal, that the auditors (or rather the spectators) have thaken the house by peals of laughter : and yet (continue our friends) we may defy any reader to dileover in it one particle of humour or drollery (a few trite vulgaris vis excepted) or a single incident, that can mnove the muscles of any person the most addicted to risibility. a,
Art. 17. Wilmore Callk: a new Comic Opera, in Two Arts, as pero
formed with confidevable Applauso at the Theatre-Royal, Drury-Lane.
The Music entirely New, by Mr. Hook. Written by R. Houlton, M, B. · Second Ediliun." 880. 36 PP. : :15. 6d. Wettley. 1800.
ART. 18. The Jew and obe Doclor: a Farce, in Two Atls, as per
formed at the Theatre-Royal, Covent Garden. By Tłomas Dibdir.
Svo. 32 pp. 15. Longman and Rees. : 1800. ART. 19. The Indian: a Farce, as it was performed at Drury-Lane
Theatré. By John Fenwick. 8vo. 49 pp. rs. 6d. Welt and Hughes.
I Having bestowed an ample share of notice upon Ramah Droog, we may dispatch these three pieces (for they are not worth discriminating) by saying generally,
“ He's knight o' th’shire, and represents them all.".' ART. 20. Teatro Italiano offia Commedie e Tragedie degli Autori pia celebri. Raccolte da Leonardo Nardini ad, ufo degli studiosi della Line gua Italiana. Three Volumes, 12mo. 1oș. 6d. Dulau. 1800.
The two first volumes contain feven Comedies; the two firft of these are by Gio. Gherardo de Rossi, the third by March. Albergati Capa• celli.' The fourch, fifth, and fixth, by Carlo Goldoni, che Teventh by Scipione Maffei. The third volume contains Tragedies only. Three by Vittorio Alfieri, one by the Ab. Vincenzo Menci, and one by Scia pione Maffei. Alfieri, the author of three of these Tragedies, is alive, and has been distinguished by his republican enthusiasm ; but the part of his works here given, have little or nothing that is ex- ceptionable. The compiler of this work has already reputably diftinguished himself by similar publications ; and these three volumes may properly be put into the hands of young persons as containing nothing pernicious, but, on the contrary, will be found both instructive and entertaining
Art. 21. The Runaway ; or, the Seat of Benevolence. A Novel. In
Four Volumes. By Mr. Smith. 8vo. 145. Crosby and Lettera man. 1800. We have heard that there are persons, whose appetite for novels is fo keen, that, whenever they can find leisure from cards and scandal, they will devour several volumes in a day. It must be supposed, that such an appetite is not accompanied by a very discriminating or fastidious: tafte, but will be satisfied with coarse food and strong seasoning. To those who possess it, we may recommend these volumes; in which they will find plenty of love, such as it is, asually at first fight; characters, adventures, and incidents, exceedingly various and surprising; a pi&ure, of the inside of a house of ill-fame, in which all the visitors (with“ a parson and a methodist preacher' among chem) are alarmed, and brought together, at midnight; a lively iketch of a rape ; which is followedl, however, by an honourable and happy union of the parties. They who are captivated by these samples, may have recourse to the work itself; where they will find great extravagance of sentiment, associated with as much meanness of language. :
ART. 22. · Midsummer Eve; or, the Country Wake. A Tale of the
Sixteenih Century. In Two Volumes. 8vo. 6s. Mawman. 1800.
This " tale has been very popular for more than two hundred years, in the northern districts of England. It has been delivered 19 pofterity by oral tradition, and believed with implicit confidence by numbers, who never questioned one single article in the story.” Vol. i, p. 160. The tale should have been left to “ oral tradition ;' in which shape it might have innocently entertained, and in some respects have improved, the inhabitants of cortagers around their fire-fide on winter evenings. But the press dispels the charm; for, few who have learning enough to read, will have credulity enough to believe a word of the itory. In one respect ic is objectionable. The infidelity and the profligate impiety of the principal character are suitably joined together, but not so, the pious faith of other considerable characters, with their belief of such prodigies, as hollow trees uttering groans, and diltilling drops of blood, &c. No two things can be more heterogeneous, than real faith and blind credulity; nor can authors more effectually degrade the former, than by associating it with the other. ART. 23. Old Nick ; a satirical Story: In Three Volumes. By the
Author of Family Biography. 12mo. 125. Murray. 1801.
There is a considerable degree of ingenuity, and contrivance and talent, and good morals and good writing, in these volumes; but then their defects are no less numerous. In the first place, the title has nothing to do with the book, it inighe just as well have been called Trifiram Shandy. In the nexi, the learned Mrs. Paulet is a close copy of the learned lady in Roderick Random; and the servant, Gregory, is something made up of Pipes in Peregrine Pickle, and Partridge in Tom Jones. The hero looking to the manager of a theatre for pro, tection and support, is very Itale and trite indeed ; nevertheless, the work alcogether is far superior to the common run of novels, and will Gertainly do injury to no man's principles. Art. 24.' The Man of Fortitude ; or, Schedoni in England. In Three
; . Volumes. By B. Frere. 12mo. 129. , Wallis. 1800. . · When we say that there is little to except to a publication of this kind, it is, generally speaking, as great a compliment as can be paid., This, however, is entitled to tomething more. The moral is unexcepe ? tionably good ; there is no contemptibic degree of ingenuity in the contrivance; and the language is simple, unaffected, and appropriate. One common fault of novels is to be observed of this, the design on the reader's pocker is immediately obvious ; a story is divided into three volumes, for which twelve shillings is demanded, when, in fact, it ought to be comprized in one volume, at less than half the price. ::. .
ART.-25. The Enchantress, or where shall I find her? By the Author .
of Melbourne, Jeannelle, &c. Lane. 1801. ; In turning over the Dictionnaire Historique, we were accidentally ; Aruck by the article Fontaines, in which is given a brief account /
an amiable and unassuming female, whose life was pated in the trap. quil plealures of retirement, and the gentle exertion of intellectual ability. She followed, and with no mean emulation, the footsteps of the celebrated Madáñe La Faye te, the Radcliffe of France, and died about 1730. It is with inuch fatisfaction that, in this age of literary intrigue, we still meet with finilar characters. Such, if we are rightly informed, is the nameless author of Hermsprong. Such too, we believe, is the author of the work which we now announce to ihe public, The writer before us is known by several productions, all of thea deferving the praise of excellent intention, and not inadequate execution. The tale is throughout sprightly, characteristic, and good-humoured. It is light without being absolutely trifling, and natural without being trite. The incident on which the table turns is romantic, but is ren dered as probable as the case will allow, by the well-sketched agenis who conduct it. MEDICINE. .
Art. 26. ' A Treatise on Fibrile Diseases. By A. Philip Wilson, M. D.
F, R. S. Ed. Vol. II. 8vo. 568 pp. gs., Callow, CrownCourt, Princes- Street., 1800.
We shall notice this volume, in the same brief and general way, as we did the former* ; for though the author has shown great ingenuity as well as indultry in collecting and arranging his materials, yét as there is little new or original matter in the work, our part w.ll be abundantly fulfilled, by pointing out to our readers the order in which the fubject is treated. The present volume includes all the different species of eruprive fevers, and consequently finishes the fort part of the work, comprehending idiopathic fevers. '- Chapter the fifth, the first in this volume, treats of the varieties of continued fever; onder which are included the petechial, 'miliary, apthous', veficular, and eryfipelatous fevers. The next, and last part,'trears of the exanthemata, including under it the small-pox, cow and chicken pox, mealles, scarlet ferer, plague, and nettle-salh. Uoder each head, ihe aus hor first gives a defi. nition and description of the disease, distinguishing those fymptoms that are regular and conftant, from those that are incidental; he then gives an account of the supposed caufes; and, lastly, treate ot che me thod of cure, proper to each of them. !
DIVINITY. Art. 27. A few plain Reasons why we spould belieur in Chrift, and . adhere to his Religion. Addressed to the Patrons and Professors of the : New Philosophy. By Richard Cumberland, Ege 8v. 46 pp.
15. 60. Lackington and Co. 1801. ; '.* .
The vivacity of Mr. Cumberland's mind, at a time of life when vivacity usually begins to fail, has here given a new and attrac.
tive form to some of the most important arguments in defence of the truth. He addresses the Patrons of the new Philosophy, first in a style of raillery, and then assails them with such reasonings as they will not easily repel.' On the universal failure of mankind to devise any reasonable plan of religion for themselves, he is peculiarly eloquent and successful. The following passage will give a juft, and therefore a favourable notion of his manner.
« Ler the modern reasoner therefore, who would make as good a religion by the help of nature and his own faculties, as we have received from the lights of Revelation and the doctrines of the gospel, take his ground where he will, proxided he does not go without the heathen pale;' and let him keep it. Let him borrow no afsiftance from Moses, and let him assume to himself all the lights that he can find, all the racional religion he can collect, not only in the world then known, but in the world fince discovered ; in all the nations of the East, where reason surely, as far as arts and sciences were concerned, was in no contemprible state; in America, to the north and south, in all the continents and islands, which modern navigation has added to the map of the world, as the Romans knew it in the Augustan age; let him pursue his researches, and when he has made his tour through all their temples and pagodas, let him erect his trophies to reason, and publith his discoveries with what confidence he may. Alas! for mankind and the boalted dignity of human reason, he will bring back no. thing but a raree-show of idols, a museum of monsters, Egyptian, Indian and Chinese deformities, and non-defcripts, the creatures of earth, air, and sea, snakes, repriles, even stocks and stones promoted to be gods, and man degenerating and debasing himself to kneel down before these dumb divinities, and pay them worship. And now, if this is all that he, who opposes the religion of Revelation, can discover and make prize of in the religion of reason, I give him joy of his discoveries, and wish him candidly to declare, it upon result of those
discoveries he can believe so well of himself as to suppose that had he - lived in those days, he would have found out any thing more than was.
found out by those who lived in them: whether, if he had fingly en. grofled the collected wisdom of the feyen wise men of Greece, he. would have revealed a better system of religion to the world than Christ has revealed ; and whether he would have known the will of God better than God knew it himself, and more clearly have commu. nicated it to mankind." P. 11.
Mr. Cumberland pursues his argument to the mysteries of Revelation, which on general grounds he ably defends; and his introduction to chat part of his tract has something striking in it, as a pic. ture of the writer.
I am now pledged to assign my reasons for the faith I profess to repose in the myfteries of Revelation; I have had time enough in this life duly to have weighed them; Nature has endowed me with a capacity fufficient for so doing, and if fufpicion is to be attached to men's characters of a bias to their profession, it does not apply to me, therefore I shall reasonably expect a fair hearing on the part of the arguer
BRIT, CRIT, VOL. XVII. APRIL, 1801.