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will probably have some degree of circulation. The reader will, how. ever, do well to remember, that the narrator of the first parr aiins at no higher character than a horse-grenadier. General Desaix appears to have deserved what is here said of him ; we understand he was both a gallant officer, and a man of amiable private character. ART. 56. An historical and practical Ejay on the Commerce and Cul.

ture of Tobacco. By William Tatham, . 8vo. 330 pp. 75. Ver. nor and Hood. 1800.

“ Having lately seen a few plants of American Tobacco growing cafually in a gentleman's garden near London, and perceiving that very little is generally known in Europe concerning the history and ordinary culture of an article of commerce, which has occupied a considerable capital in transatlantic traffic for about two hundred years; and indeed a plant which is peculiarly adapted for an agricultural come parison of elements; without entering so far into the subject as to conGder it a staple produce of the nation, I beg leave to communicate a few particulars in respect to the history and culture of this luxuriant conmodity, which I am enabled to ttate from authorities, and from what I recollect to have noriced during twenty years residence in Vire ginia, where it is a principal export."

The author then handles, in fix distinct parts, 1. The botanical Defcription, and the Culture of Tobacco. 2. The Manner of Housing, Curing, &c. in Virginia. 3. The public Warehouse and Inspection. 4: The Progress of the Culture and Commerce of Tobacco. 5. Of the Tobacco-Trade of Great-Britain. 6. Culture and Commerce, according to Mr. Anderson. He profesies to have been compelled by time and circumstances to curtail his book for the present; but promises a supplementary volume, if encouraged by public approbation. The work contains four well-executed plates ; the first coloured, and representing the flower, leaf, and botanical characters of Tobacco : 2, the tobacco worm or caterpillar, and its moth, also culoured : 3, the tobacco-house, and its vicinity ; 4, the conveyance of it to market. Mr. Tatham has certainly collected already a great abun. dance of materials ; and we do not very well anticipate what can be reserved for his supplementary volume. Art. 57.' The Teacher's flitant in English Composition ; or eafy Rules

for writing Themes, and composing Exercises, on Subjects prorer for the Improvement of Youth of both Sexes at School. By John Walker, Aus thor of the Critical Pronouncii.g Dictionary, Gr. 12 mo. 212 poe 35. 6á, Robinsons, Cadell and Davies, &c. 1801.

There is no exercise in which young persons succeed at first fo ill, nor any in which it is so difficult to give them assistance, without doing thiir work for them, as the composition of themes. Mr. Walker finding, by experience, the want of some book tending rationally to ihefe čods, has been led gradually to compose one; and few persons will doubt, on hearing the author's name, that the task has been executed with judgment. He begins with the common general rules of dividing the subject, and then proceeds to give a great variety of exemplifications. Teachers will find much real allittance in the use of this work,



Art. 58. De l'infinence des passions sur l'ame dans les maladies, et des

moyens d'en corriger les mauvais effets, par C. J. Tissot, Médecin des are, isées françaijes. Paris and Strasburg. 296 pp. in 8vo.

The author begins by exhibiting to us a picture of the moral man' in the ftate of health and of fickness; he afterwards shows what are the passions which characterize every conftitution; what belong to different ages, and what are peculiar to women; those which the various conditions and situations in life either produce, or inodify, &c. In the third part, he treats of the means which may tend to correct the bad effects of the different affections of the mind. The author then gives rules for discovering their moral caofes; pointing out likewise the choice, the direction, and, if we may be allowed to use the exprcfon, the amalgamarion of the physical and moral aids.' We Thall eu to a fragment from the Introduction, calculated to give an idea of times in, and of his views. , “ L'homme vivant fous le domaine des passions elt, fi on permet Pexpresion, un infi rument à cordes, qui frémit sous l'archet et rend des vibrations plus ou moins fortes, plus ou moins durables. La tenfion et le relâchement alternatifs de la corde ; voilà tout le mystère de la formation des différens tons : c'est le meine mécanisme dans les corps animés.

“ Dans toutes les paffions, je ne vois qu'on mouvement imprimé à la fibre, en vertu duquel elle se hauffe ou se baisse : aussi 'y at-il aucun doute qu'il n'existe un régime propre a exciter les paffions, comme il en est un pour les modérer. Tour l'art consistera, dans le premier cas, à donner à la fibre ce degré de ton qui la rend plus sensible et plus active; comme dans le fecond, à diminuer de son énergie :, et voilà la medès cine des passions toute faite.

« Le corps a-t-il reçu une secousse vive de la part de l'aire, toutes les cordes font-elles iendues ? Il faut délayer, tempérer, déiendre par tous les moyens pollibles. La fibre bien abreuvée, bien ailouplie, n'aura plus cette réaction qui entretient le mouvement d'abord iinprimé par l'ame, et les impressions s'affoibliront insensiblement comme ces ondulations circulaires que la chûte d'un corps dans l'eau a fait naître.

" Les paflions, au contraire, ont-elles occafionné dans la machine un affaiffement, une forte de découragement ? Il faut réveiller le jeu des organes, développer un feu qui alloit s'éteindre, ftimuler en un mot er redonner, pour ainfi dire, à l'ame une nouvelle existence, en change. ant l'état d'un corps qui piroisfoit lui devenir étranger.

Quelquefois il ne fauc pas se borner à agir sur le physique de l'homme, il faut s'emparer un quelque façon de son moral et lui facili

ter ter l'échange d'une pasion contre une autre. Comme dans le médes cine et la chirurgie on ne guérit souvent une maladie qu'en en 'ubili. tuant une autre, de même dans le traitement des affections morales, il faut quelquefois détruire les passions les unes par les autres.”

This work, which appears to be of importance to professional per. fons, may likewise be useful to others, who either already pofless a power over their imagination, or who wish to acquire it. But the author seems to us to make man too much of a machine.

Speclat. dr Nord. Art. 59. Correspondance de Louis-Philippe Jofeph d'Orleans, avec

Louis XVI., la Reine, Mont- Morin, Liancour, Biron, Lafayette, · &c. avec des !ails fur son exil à Villers-Cotterets et jur la conduite qu'il

a tenu aux 5 et 6 Octubre, écrite par lui; suivie de ses lettres à la femme, à ses enfans, et de colles de 11 me. de Genlis, auxquelles on a joint an extrait du journal du fils ainé d'Orleans, écrit jour par lui même. Publiée par L. C. R. Pro 4 fr. Paris, An...

The object of the editor in publishing this Correspondence, was not, as he has observed in the Introduction, to give the history of d'Or. leans, nor that' of what is called his faction, but to fix the warering, and hitherto uncertain, opinion in regard to this personage. His own he expresses as follows: " Depuis l'aurore de la révolution, le nom de d'Orleans eft dans toutes les bouches, et je n'ai vu personne qui půl dire avec quelque fondement cet homme avoit tul but. L'opinion vulgaire portoit fon ambiiion jusqu'à s'emparer du trône ; pour moi, j'ose dire que je n'en crois rien. Je pense bien que certains personnages, qui ont joué de grands rôles dans l'assemblée constituante, ont voulu lui in. fpirer ce delir; mais je suis persuadé que l'envie de se verger dur i et des mépris de la reine, a éié le principal mobile de ses actions. D'ailleurs, à moins que l'on ne l'eût porté sur le trône, il n'auroit jamais eu le courage d’y monter lui-même.”

This collection is divided into two parts. The first contains the po. litical correspondence of d'Orleans; the second, his particular correl pondence. His letters to the king are filled with protestations of the most respectful attachment. : He takes particular pains to clear himself, in the others, from the charge urged agiinit hion of having been concerned in the business of the 5th and 6th of October, and of having contributed, either by himself or by his agents, to the troubles that agitated France.

In his particular correspondence, the political principles of d'Orleans are fully displayed ; in these, he wished his children should be educated. Hence his disatisfaction with his wife, whose polirical opinions did not agree with bis; bence his connection with lvime de Sillery, tò whom he entrusted the education of his children. An idea of the principles which this celebrated woman gave them, may be formed from the journal of the eldeit son of d'Orleans, which concludes the work.

Ibid. · Art. 60. Des Signes et de l'art de penser, considérés dans leurs rapports

mutuels ; par Mr. Dégérando. Paris. Science naturally presents itself to us under two different aspects; the observations which form its principles; and the rules which direct


us in the applicarion of them. The latter serves to consince us of the utility of our labour, and the former of its solidiry. Accordingly, the author has divided his work into two parts; the fit is intended to fhow how the human pind has arrived at the point where it now is ; the second, to examine what it may hereafter be, and what reforms its procelies still regoire. The first part is the only one that has yet been given to the public, forming the lubject of the two first vcle.res.

The history of ideas, and of the corresponding sigris, are naturally divided into two very dift net epoch); the firit comprehends the creation of all the species of i'cas, and the inititution of all the species of figns; the second treat of the use which the mind makes of these ideas, and cf these lig, s, when they are orice in its power. Thus the phyfiologist begins by describing the different parts of the body, and by explaining their formation, palling af erwards to the study of their functions, and of their relations.

These two epochs give occasion to the division of the first part of the work into iwo tections; one of which treats of ideas and signs, conGidered in thrir origin and their for nation, while the other exhibits them in those operations, of which they become the cause, the means," or the suliet.

We are encouraged to expect a second part of this very valuable and ingenious work. In it the author proposes to discuss the oifferent means of improvement, of which language will admir. After having followed him through his hiftory, he will tavour us with his prophecy. There is no science which is not susceptible of being presented under these two different puints of view. But to acquire this right of prediction, we oughe, like the au hor, to have observed much. The fecret of the future is in the past, and it is there only that a person of sound judgment and reflection will attempt to seek for it. Ibid.


ART. 61. Caroli Davidis Ilgenii, Philof. et LL. 00. Prof. in Acad.

Jen. P. O. et Soc. Lat. Jen. Sodal. hon. Opuscula varia philologica. Tomus primu , 331 pp. Tomus fecumdus, 116 pp. 8vo. Pr. 1 Rixd, 12 gr. Erfurt.

This collection, the different articles of which had before been le. parately published, and deservedly approved, consists of the following pieces : i. Leonidæ Tarentini Epigramma in Venerem Anadzomenen, Poëfios ejus Specimen, 1785 ; 2. Chorus Græcorum tragicus qualis fuerit, et quare ufus ejus hodie revocari nequeat, 1788; 3. Neftore filiciffimi senis exemplo Homerum non magis del itare quam prodefje, 1789; 4. Eipeowww Hoineri et alia poëfcos mendicorum Græcorum Specimina cum nonnullis nola tri temporis carminibus ex hoc genere comparata; 5. De imbre lapideo et Sa lis ac Lunæ mora inter pugnam Ifraclitarum fub Josuæ nufpiciis cum Amor. rais; 6. Hermesianactis Elegiarum scriproris celeberrimi Fragmentum ab Alhen. L. XIII. p. 597 fervatum, é mendatins edilum et animadversionibus illufiralum, Lipf. 1790, greatly improved in this reimpression ;


and, Iaftly, 7. Animadversiones litoricæ et criticæ in Ciceronis orationem pro Archia poëra, Lips. 1793.

Jena ALZ. ART. 62. 1. Luciani Samosatensis Quæfiio, Quomodo história fit fcriben

da, Græce. Selectis aliorum suifque aunolationibus illnitravit, et indicem vocabulorum ac rerum adjecil M. Augustus Frider. Wilh. Rudolphus, Ord. l'hilof. in Acad. Viteberg. Adjunctus et Acad. Biblicthecar. xxii. and 166 pp. in l. 8vo. Leipzig.

Art. 63. 2. Aouxmavou Laugos TENS CETAYTO. Luciani Samofatenfis

Opera omnia, maxime ex fide Cod. Paris. recenfin, edidit Frideric.

Schmieder, Philof. D. Ad. LL. Mag. Gymnasii Luih-r. dial. Colliga. - Tem. 1. xlviii. and 638 pp. in l. 8vo. Pr. 3 Rixd. Halle, 1200.

In the first of these articles. intended for the purpose of academical lectures, the text adopted by Mr. R. is generally that of the Amlterdam edition, though not without frequent corrections of typographical errata, and of the punctuation. On the selection of various rea liogs with which this edition is accompanied, he expresses himself thus: In afferenda lectionis varietate non id fecutus fum ut optimas folas adjicerem; ita potius quamque aliuli, ut quæque earum mihi maxime occafionem præbere videbarur de kactionum origine et pretio dillere di. In the opinions given of their comparative merit, confiderable erudition and judgment are shown. The other part of the notes is illustrative, and borrowed, in a great measure, from the edition of Reizius. Mr. R. has, however, availed himself of Wieland's trai flation, and not untrequently thrown new light upon obscure passages, by an improved or different version of his own. The Indexes will likewise be found to be very co. pious and useful, and to the whole is prefixed a learned and interesting Introduction, giving an account of the writer's plan and object in the composition of this Treatise, as well as of the authorities to which he refers, and of the authors, ftill extant, from whole works this may be elúcidated, or whom he appears to have imitated; among whom, we often meet with Aristophanes.

Ibid. In No. 2, we have every thing valuable in the Bipontine edition of Lucian, and in the numerous editions of separate parts of the works of this author, which have been poblided within the last ten years, brought together by a perton who must be acknowledged to be highly qualified for the undertaking; and who has ma le a very judiciousule of a large accession of new materials, with which he was provided. Ibid.

Art. 64. Plan pour faire servir les voyages à la culture des jeunes-gens

qui se vouent au service de l'é!at dans la carrière, politiquis, accompagné d'un précis hiftorique de l'ujge de voyager et d'une table pour faciliter les observations flavijt.ques et politiques ; le 19ht suivi de l'esquise d'une portefeuille à l'usage des voyageurs et de celle d'une carte de fiatifique ; avec le portrait de i'auteur. Vienne, in 4to. 103 pp.

The l'edication to this work is equally simple and interesting: A Charles François Duc de Giovanne, par ju Mère.

In the Intruduction, the author, who has distinguished herself by other approved pieces, gives a Précis hutorique di l'nfage de voyager, in which the obferves, that the Grieks were the first travelleis who had

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