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considerable importance to future navigators. Leaving this place, the voyagers next proceeded to New Caledonia, and from New Caledonia to what are called the Adiniralıy lands. These last were necessarily obje&is of their serious regard ; for here it was that Commodore Hunter was said to have perceived some vestiges of Péroule's unfortunate expedition. Their careful examination of these places, however, terminated wholly in disappointinent. From this part of the work, we think it proper to take the following extract.

“ At noon, in latitude 5° 43' 12" fouth, and longitude 152° 3' 26" ealt, we faw Bougainville Hand, forming, with the little adjoining islands, a bay not less than 15,000 coiles in excen'. The General in. tended to anchor there; but hoals obterved in different points of its entrance, and a fand-bank near its farther extremity, made him change his resolution.

" Bougainville Island terminates in very low lands, and we foon had fight of the narrow channel which separates it from Bouka Ifand.

- After ftanding off, we lay to all night.

« The heat of the day had accumulated the materials of thunder above the high mountains. Frequent flathes of lightning discovered to us their funmits, and the thunder rattled wi h aireinendous noise.

" During the night the current had carried us inore than twenty minures towards the north. Ac fix in the morning we were 5,000 toises to the northward of Bouka Inacd. The vatt plantations of cocoa-nut trees which adorned its shores, indicated a numerous popu. lation.

" A canoe, with nine natives on board, put off, and feered towards us. We immediately hove to in order to receive the:1 ; but they fupped within three hundred toises of the ship, and showing us their island, macie figns to invite us on thore. There were but leven pad. dles in the canoe ; two other natives ieemed wholly occupied in baling our the water, which beat over the sides of the cande, and in obferying our movements.

" A native put off alone from the breach, on a catimarron, and pad. dling with the greatest celerity, came and joined the canoe, whiclı kept always to the win iward of us. Though a very old man, he appeared to be still very robust. After having viewed us for fome minutes, he plied towards the island, as rapidly ay he had come off. He appeared to be a meslenger dispatched by the inhabitants, to make his observations, and to report to thi m what he had leen. • " The canoe left us, and proceeded towards the Esperance, another very large one having been already alongside of her.

vs We saw at some distance a finall cunos, manned by five natives, who came a-stern of our ship, and kept at the distace of about soo toises, notwithitanding all our invitations to them to come on board.

" In hopes of alluring those favages, we let down into the water a plank, with some knives and nails upon it, and a bit of scarlet tuff by way of a fag, ried to a stick placed upright in its centre. They did

not, however, feize upon those objects, lill we cut the Ariny wrich: • kept it nearer to the thip than they chose to venrure. The light of


the - the bit of stuff diffused among them the moft lively joy : they fliawed

us that they had accepted of our present, and earnestly desired more of the same fort.

“ At last, by throwing them handkerchiefs, bits of red stuff, and empty bottles, we succeeded in bringing them alongside. One of the boriles having taken in fome sea-water, the savage who took it up, thinking perhaps that we had sent him something good to drink, was disagreeably mistaken on tasting the contrary, and we regretted that we had not given him timely notice of the circumstance.

« Those natives were acquainted with the method of barter, and took much pains to fhew os the price of their goods. '

" We received a very fine bow and fome arrows, in exchange for a few handkerchiefs, which we let down to them by a rope. As they did not observe that we poslessed this kind of weapon, they endea voured to make us sensible of its value, by showing us its use.

" One of the gunners went for his fiddle, and played them some tunes; and we had the pleasure to see that they were not insensible na mufic. They offered us a number of things in exchange for the iro Arument, making signs for it, by imitating the motions of the fiddler upon a paddle. But they soon found that their solicitations were fruitless. It was the only fiddle by which the ship's company danced ; and we had too long a voyage before us, to think of parting with the inftrument, which procared us an exercise lo falutary to seamen.

“ We had so loaded them with presents, that they soon began to make difficulties in giving their commodities in exchange for ours, 10 procure which they had recourse to unfair arts. The Commander had agreed to give them some handkerchiefs triped with red, their favou. rite colour, for a bow, and trusting too much to their good faith, had delivered them the handkerchiefs : but instead of the bow, they would only give some arrows, which were refused.

• Those natives seemed to have a great propenfity to gaiety. They feemed to take pleasure in repeating the words which they heard us pronounce ; and the sweetness of their langage enabled them easily to fucceed in the imitation.

“ They were passionately fond of mufic, and particularly of the moft brisk and noisy lunes. One of the officers, who was a good pera former, played a very lively tune. They liftened with very great at tention; astonishment was visible in their features; they could not conceal the pleasure they felt; but, by different motions of their arms, wbich kept exa&t time with the measure, and a great agitation of the whole body, they gave unequivocal proofs of their fenfibility.

" They did not lose sight of the desire which the Commander had expreffed for a bow. One of them promised him a bow in exchange for a bat; but when he got possession of the hat, he refused to furresder che bow.

" Mott of the things which we gave them were ricd to the end of a line, which they were not at the pains to loole; for they carried in their girdles shells which were sufficiently sharp to cut it at once.

“ As we had good reason to diftrust their promises, a man went down by a rope-ladder aftern, with a view to exchange a bit of red Aug for a bow, when we perceived that the current had carried us to

the the north-west, and that we were already too near the shore. As a calm prevented us from steering the ship, we were obliged to put out a boat to tow her off. The Savages thinking, no doubt, that we in. tended to pursue them, in order to punish them for their dishonefty, retreated precipitately towards the island. Out of gratitude, perhaps, for the patience with which we allowed them to cheat us, they committed no such act of treachery as General Bougainville, in his voyage round the world, had experienced at their hands.

“ Four canoes were, all this while, dealing with the Esperance. One of them was manned by natives, of whom fixteen were paddlers, and the rest warriors.

- We learned from the people on board the Esperance, that this war-canoe had long kept at a distance; but ventured to come alongade, on seeing the different articles which their countrymen in the little canoes had procured.

« The order with which the savages were stationed in the great ca. noe, indicated a kind of naval tactics. A warrior, armed wirb a bow and arrows, ftood between every two paddles on each side, and intermediate parties of two or three warriors stood with their faces towards the stern of the canoe, in order to observe the movements in that di. rection, and to fight while rc{reating. Those warriors showed no hora tile disposition ; they seemed very fond of the wine and brandy which was given to them, but did not eat bacon without a degree of repug. nance.

« Those savages had excellent teeth, and found no difficulty in mallicacing the hardest biscuits that were offered to them.

« Could those nacives have had any communication with the Eng. lish and the Spaniards ? One of them, on showing us an arrow, which he was going to tie to the end of one of our strings to convey it on board, pronounced very distinctly the English word arrow. Another, showing us the land, apd inviting us to it, made use of the Spanish word tierra.

- We learned from the Esperance, that several of them pronounced the word Bouka, the name which General Bougainville gave to theis illand. This word, which in the Malayan language is the expression of negation, and which, when the first syllable is pronounced long, figni. fies to open, doubtless seems to indicate some analogy with the Malayan; from which, however, it differs fo much, that one of the ship's company, who spoke the language fluently, could not understand those natives.

" The value which they seemed to affix to pails, and the other articles of hardware which we gave them, thowed that they were acquainted with the use of iron.

• The colour of their skins is blackish. They are of a middling ftature; and being naked, their distinctly marked muscles indicated great strength. Their figure, though not very agreeable, is extremely expressive. Their heads are very big; their foreheads broad, like the rett of their faces, which are very Aat, especially under the nose; their chins large and prominent; their cheeks full, their noses flat, their mouths very large, and their lips very thing

" The “ The betcl, which gives a bloody tint to their large mouths, adds to the ugliness of their appearance.

“ 'Their ears are loaded wi:h large rings made of seils, the weight of which convitut: d to the large size of tole organs. Some liad red and white streaks iraced upon their bodies; and we observed one whose hair and nose were sprinkled with a red carih, which appeared to be ochre. Some had bracelets formed of the fibres of the cocoa-nut huik.

" Their hair was curled, thick and bulky, like that of many Pa. pows, whom we afterwards met with.

“ They are in the practice of plucking the hair from every part of the body. There was but one seen, on board the Efperance, who al. lowed his beard to grow.

“ All of them had their loins girded with a cord, which went feveral times about the body, and seemed only designed as a point of support, to increase the muscular strength of thole parts. One of them, probably with a similar view, had his left arm vied in three different places, over the biceps muscle; fo: e flat bits of wood, on the outside of the arm, supported the ftrain of the cord.

« These favages appeared to handle the bow uith much address, One of them brought on Loard the Esperance a boohy, which he had brought down wiih an arrow; and the tatal wound was seen in the belly of the bird.

" The indufry of these islanders seemed to be particularly directed to the fabrication of their arms, which were formed with great care, We admired the skill with which they had crated their bow-strings wiih a relinous substance, which gave them, at first sighi, the appear. ance of cat.gut. 'The middle of the fring was done round with bark, in order to save it froin wear, by giving the impulle to the arrow, The interior part of the arrows was very light, being formed of the falk of the jaccharum fpontanum; and the other part conlifted of very hard wood, we'l pointed. The joining is ingeniously fastened with about thirty turns of bark, as is also the part of the arrow which bears upon the firing, to give it the greater solidity.

" 'l hcir cances, formed of several planks, ingeniously joined together, are of a shape at once elegant, and adapted for a quick motion.”

P. 154.

From the numerous group of islands, comprehending Bougainville's illand, the Admiralty Illands, &c. &c. the voyagers i proceeded to New Guinei, and finally anchored at Amboyna.

The whole of the eighth Chapter, which we think the most entertaining part of ihe wurk, is occupied with describing excurfions into the interior of the island; an account of the Sago Palm, which is curious and interesting ; the natives of Ambovna, their druls, manners, with a varieiy of imporiant observations. This is, on the whole, the best ac-. count of Amboyna we remember ever to have seen, not excepting that of Stavorinus, of which, on a recent occa. fion, we spoke with praise. Leaving Amboyna, the navigators explored the south-west coast of New Holland; and


ranging along irs (hores came a se cond time to Cape Van D.cmen. The naturalits discovered, at Legrand's Bay, a new fpecies of swan, and a marine fali, upwards of two hundred meters in perpendicular height. The tenih Chapter excites confiderable interest. It gives an agrecable account of the interior parts of the cuntry, of various trees peculiar to New Holland, of the natives and their manners. There lauter aie so curious as to justify another exiract.

-“ About noon we saw them prepare their repast. Hitherto we had but a faino idea of the pains the women take to procure the food re. quisite for the fubfillence of their families. They took each a basket, and were followed by their daughters, who did the fame. Getting on the rocks, that projected into the sea, they plunged froin them to the bottom in search of thell-fith. When they had been down some timo, we became very uneasy on their account ; for where they had dived were sea-weeds of great length, anong which we observed the fucus pyrifirus, and we feared that they might have been entangled in these, fo as to be unable to regain the fartace. At length however they ap. peared, and convinced us that they were capable of remaining under water twice as long as our ableit divers an instant was fufficient for them to take breath, and then they dived again. This they did repealediy, till their baskets were niariy tull. Most of them were provided with a little bit of wood, cut into the shape of a spatula, of which I fpoke above; and with the fe they [ parated, from beneath the socks, at great depths, very large sea-cars. Perhaps they choose the biggest, for all they brought were of a great fize.

* On seeing the large lobiters, which they had in their baskets, we were afraid that they must have wounded those poor women terribly with their large claws; but we soon found, that they had taken the precaution to kill them as soon as they caught them. They quitted the water only to bring their husbands the fruits of their labour; and frequently returned almoit immedia'ely to their diving, till they had procured a futhcient meal for their families. Al other times they staid a little while to warm themfelves, with their faces towards the fire on which their fish was roalling, and coher little fires burning behind them, that they might be warmed on all fides at once.

" It seemed as if they were unwilling to lofe a moment's time, for while they were warming themielves, they were employed in roasting filh ; some of which they laid on the coals with the utmost caution: though they took little care of the lobiters, which they threw any where into the fire, and when they were ready, they divided the claws among the men and children, reserving the body for ihemselves, which they sometimes ate before they returned into the water,

Is It gave us great pain to see these poor women condemned to fuch severe tort: while, at the same time, they ran the hazard of being deyoured by sharks, or entangled among the weeds that rise from the boitom of the sea. We often intreared their husbands to take a lhare in their labour at least, but als ays in vain. They remained conttantly near the fire, feasting on the best bits, and eating broiled fucus, or


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