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accordingly. Your movements will now be changed to a reconnaissance, feeling the enemy's right flank, and acting according to circumstances, under your own judgment. You will instruct General Wilson and General Torbert in accordance with this.

A. A. IIUMPHREYS, Major-General and Chief of Staj:

JULY 30 1861-2.20 p. III, Major-General SHERIDAN,

Commanding Caralry Corps : GENERAL: I have the honor to herewith transmit for your information an extract from a dispatch* which has just been received from the lieutenant-general commanding. The commanding general directs that you at once get up the necessary forage and subsistence to enable your command to execute the service indicated, and that you be prepared to inove at daylight to-morrow. The infantry corps which is to accompany you and its commander will be designated in the course of the day. Very respectfully, &c.,

S. WILLIAMS. Assistant Adjutant-General.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1861--5 p. in. Major-General SHERIDAN,

Commanding Cavalry Corps : GENERAL: The order requiring a movement to-morrow on the Wel don road is suspended. I wish to post your command so as to cover strongly the left of the army and the roads which are open between our left and the James. In selecting posts and lines you must exercise your judgment and knowledge of facilities of getting water. I anticipate an offensive movement on the part of the enemy and expect it will be directed against our left and rear, and wish you to make all the preliminary resistance possible, and advise me at the earliest possible moment. Please report your headquarters as soon as established, or those of General Gregg, in case you continue indisposed. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEO. G. MEADE, Vajor General, Commanding.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1861–10.30 p. m. Major-General SHERIDAN,

Cavalry Corps : In consequence of instructions received from the lieutenant-general commanding the armies, the major-general commanding directs that you send one of the divisions of cavalry to City Point to embark there immediately for Washington. They will take their artillery and means of transportation to City Point, from which point it will follow them to Washington.

A. A. IIUMPHREYS, Major-General and Chief of Statt.

* See Grant to Meade, received 2.15 p. m., p. 637.

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JIEADQUARTERS FIRST DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS,

July 30, 1861–12.30 p. 11.
Major-General HUMPHREYS,

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac:
GENERAL: The reconnaissance as directed has been made and Gen-

Wilson is now at the Gurley house and his pickets just beyond.
General Wilson found the enemy in about the same position as they
have been for the last ten or fifteen days. The enemy hold the Aiken
house. The enemy show a strong front, but everything is quiet. I am
near the Williams house.
Yours, respectfully,

A. T. A. TORBERT,
Brigadier-General, Commanding.

HDQRS. CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1864-1.10 p. m. Maj. Gen. A. A. HUMPHREYS,

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac :
GENERAL: I have the honor to report that the horses of the divis-
ions of the Cavalry Corps have not been watered since yesterday; there
is no water in the vicinity of the positions of the First and Third Divis-
ions. I have ordered the Second Division to Lee's Mill, where there is
some water, but I doubt if it will be found sufficient for the entire com-
mand. I have not yet heard from the Second Division, but I think it
probable that at present the enemy hold Lee's Mill. Generals Torbert's
and Wilson's divisions will remain in their present positions during
the meantime, until I receive further orders from the major-general
commanding as to their disposition for to-night. It is absolutely nec-
essary that the command be in such position to-night that the horses
may be watered.
Very respectfully, &c.

D. MOM. GREGG,
Brigadier General, Commanding.

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HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1864-3.45 p. m. Brigadier General GREGG,

Commanding Cavalry Division :
Your dispatch and that of General Torbert are received. The com-
manding general directs me to say that if the reconnaissance cannot be
pushed farther, and with some probability of your being able to drive
the enemy beyond the railroad and move up into the vacant intrench-
ments vear the lead-works, then you can withdraw to some point where
the horses can be watered and preparations made for the raid to-morrow.
In the latter case you will leave the brigade on picket.

A. A. HUMPHREYS,
Major General and Chief of Staff

HIDRS. CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

Lee's Mill, Va., July 30, 1861-6 P. III. Major-General HUMPHREYS,

Chief of Staff, Army of the Potomac: GENERAL: I have the honor to report that I met the advance of Hampton's division (Sixth South Carolina, Butler's brigade) at Lee's Mill. The regiment (Sixth South Carolina) has been driven beyond the mill. Prisoners captured report Fitz. Lee's and Hampton's cavalry divisions camped at Reams' Station. Very respectfully,

D. MCM. GREGG,

Brigadier General of Volunteers. P. S.-My headquarters for the night will be at Lee's, near Lee's Mill.

IIDQRS, CAVALRY CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

Lee's Mill, July 30, 1861-8.10 p. m. Major-General HUMPHREYS,

Chief of Staff : GENERAL: I have the honor to inclose you copy of the oriler establishing cavalry picket-line, which requires no explanation. Very respectfully,

D. MOM. GREGG, Brigadier-General, Commanding.

(Inclosure.] ORDERS.) HDQRS. CAV. CORPS, ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1861. In compliance with instructions from the headquarters Army of the Potomac, the Third Cavalry Division will maintain the picket-line as at present established. The First Cavalry Division will take post near Lee's Mill with its picket-line connecting on the right with the left of the Third Division on the Jerusalem plank road, the left of its picket-line resting on the Norfolk railroad at the point where the road from Lee's Mill to Prince George Court-House crosses it. One brigade of the Second Cavalry Division will be posted on the Norfolk railroad at the above-named intersection, and will picket to Mount Sinai Church. The remaining brigade of the Second Division will be posted at Prince George Court-House, continuing the picket-line from Mount Sinai Church to the James River. Any attack made by the enemy on any of the roads crossed by the picket-line as above defined will be strongly resisted and immediately reported to these headquarters. Corps headquarters will be at McCann's, on the Norfolk railroad. The foregoing dispositions will be carried into effect at once. By command of Brigadier-General Gregg:

JAS. W. FORSYTH, Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief of Staf.

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1861–6.30 a. m. Brigadier-General WILSON,

Commanding Third Division Cavalry: Burnside's mine has been exploded, and we have the enemy's line in Burnside's front, and Burnside's troops are moving up to the crest be. yond, as well as Ord's. The signal officer ou plauk road reports no enemy visible in their works near the lead-works, which are on the Weldon railroad. There are but three divisions of the enemy this side the Appomattox, and prisoners say only one line of intrenchments, and that thinly filled. General Warren is ordered to attack on the enemy's right, it practicable. The commanding general directs that you more at once and endeavor to gain the Weldon railroad, and move up along that road to the enemy's right, attacking him and co-operating with Warren. You will not wait for General Sheridan's arrival, but move independently and at once. General Sheridan will be at once notified of your orders and directed to hurry up his troops to you.

A. A. HUMPHREYS, Major-General and Chief of Staff.

TIEADQUARTERS THIRD DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS,

Near Alley's, July 30, 1864-9 a. m. Lieutenant-colonel FORSYTH, Chief of Staff:

I am just moving out to attack the enemy, near Aiken's and Gurley's, in pursuance of orders from General Meade to attack, reach the rail. road if possible, and thence push to the enemy's line near the leadworks. I cannot turn out but a little over 2,000 men, of which 200 must be left on the plank road near the crossing of the road to Reams' Station. As a matter of course, if the enemy's cavalry corps is near Reams' or below, my position is extremely hazardous, so that you should move a force to the plank road as soon as possible.

My order is positive, and “not to wait for Sheridan," leaving me no discretion. l'll do the best I can, however. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JAS, H, WILSON,

Brigadier-General,

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC,

July 30, 1864–9.45 4. m. Brigadier-General WILSON,

Commanding Caralry Division : The following dispatch is just sent to General Sheridan.* You will be governed accordingly. General Crawford, of General Warren's corps, is making a reconnaissance toward the enemy's right.

A. A. HUMPHREYS, Major-General and Chief of Staff.

IIEADQUARTERS THIRD DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS,

July 30, 1864–1.25 a. m. Brigadier-General MCINTOSH, Commanding First Brigade:

GENERAL: Not having received any instructions yet from VajorGeneral Sheridan, you will not relieve your picket-line for the present, unless you should have heard from General Sheridan direct on the left of your line. By command of Brigadier General Wilson:

L. SIEBERT,

Assistant Adjutant-General. See Ilumphreys to Sheridan, 9.30 a. m., p. 668.

HEADQUARTERS THIRD DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS,

July 30, 1861–1.35 (l. II, Capt. A. P. RUSSELL,

Acting Assistant Inspector-General: CAPTAIN: The general wishes me to say that if you have not yet succeeded in communicating with General Sheridan the latter may have passed you on the direct road to Mount Zion Church. Please find out. Yours, very respectfully,

L. SIEBERT, Assistant Adjutant-General.

HEADQUARTERS THIRD DIVISION, CAVALRY CORPS,

July 30, 1861–3 n. m. General MCINTOSH,

Commanding First Brigade : GENERAL: You will relieve everything now out from your brigade, leaving only small pickets on the different roads, and concentrate your command in the open ground near Alley's house. By cominand of Brigadier-General Wilson:

L. SIEBERT, Assistant-Adjutant General.

General Sheridan is expected on the plank road, or in the vicinity, by daylight.

L. SIEBERT, Assistant Adjutant General.

(ITY POINT, VA., July 30, 1861–6.30 a. m. Major-General BUTLER,

Commanding, de.: The enemy seem to be in small force. They may hasten re-enforcements; take everything from your front. If they do, follow in and seize and hold the road to the last, informing me that I may take steps to strengthen you in time. The explosion blew up some guns and nearly an entire South Carolina regiment. Our men pushed forward to the breach without opposition, but unfortunately stopped there. They have been ordered forward again, and I am much in hopes it is still time to succeed.

U. S. GRANT,

Lieutenant-General.

JULY 30, 1864—7 a. m. Lieutenant-General GRANT:

Dispatch received and measures taken to observe the picket-line and promptly take advantage of any inovement. I will move out if there is any stir of the enemy whatever. The firing you may hear is that of my colored troops drilling.

BENJ. F. BUTLER

Major-General, Commanding. 43 R R-VOL XL, IT III

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