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XLV. Of Holiness—its true Meaning, and absolute Necessity. ...... 174

XLVI. Of a good Heart. .... 177

XLVII. On the superiorMoralityofthe Christian Philosophy. 181

XLVIII. The true Genius and Spirit of Christianity productive of a certain Tenderness of Conscience, or feeling of Rectitude, more favourable to right conduct, than any deductions of unassisted Reason, or heathen morality. 183

XLIX. The great Advantage of Christian Philosophy being

taught by a commanding Authority. ' 186

L. Morality or orbedience to the Commandments of God in social intercourse and personal conduct, remarkably insisted upon in the Gospel. - - 191

LI. Unbelievers not to be addressed merely with subtle Reasoning, which they always oppose in its own way, not to be ridiculed, not to be treated with severity, but to be tenderly and affectionately exhorted to prepare

< their hearts for the reception of the imsard witness, and to relume the light of life, which they have ex. tinguisheU, or rendered faint, through pride, vice, or total neglect. . . - - 193

LII. Of the inadequate Idea entertained by many respectable Persons concerning Christianity; with a Suggestion on the Expediency of their considering the true nature of Christian Philosophy. - . . 197

1,111. On Indifference and insensibility to Religion, arising from hardness of heart. No progress can be made in Christian Philosophy in such a State, as it is a State, incompatible with the divine influence. - 200

L1V. A Self-examination recommended respecting religious

insensibility. ..... 203

LV. The Sum and Substance of Christian Philosophy the

Renewal of the Heart by Divine Grace; or the soften.

• ing it and rendering it susceptible of virtuous and

benevolent impressions, by cultivating the two grand

principles—Piety to God, and Charity to Man. 207

LVI. On spiritual Slumber, as described in the Scriptures, and

the Necessity of being awakened. - - 209

I,VII. On the Peace of God, that calm and composed State, which is produced by the Christian Philosophy, and is 'Section Page

unknown to the Epicurean, Stoic, and all other Philosophy, antient and modern. . . . 223 LVIII. General Reflections on Happiness—Errors in the pursuit of it.—No sublunary Happiness perfect—Christ's Invitation to the wretched. Christian Philosophy affords the highest earthly Satisfaction. Its Summurn Bonum is a State of Grace, or the enjoyment of divine Favour. „ . 233 LIX. Apologetical conclusion! with a Recapitulation, and addition of a few particulars respecting the preceding Subjects. - - , . . 244


No. I. Cursory Remarks on one or two Objections in Mr. Paine's last Pamphlet, against the Authenticity of the Gospel. - . . 29i

No. II. . . . 313

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tupimus eriim investigate quid verura fit; neque id solum, quod cum veritate, Pietatem quoque prxterea erga Deum habeat conjunctam. Sadolet.


A ENTER on the subject of this volume with unaffected diffidence. I tread on holy ground with awe. Though much of my life, devoted to letters from the 'earliest age, has been spent in reading the best writers on the Christian doctrine, and more in contemplation of it, yet a sense of its high importance, and of my own fallibility, has long restrained the impulse which prompted me to engage in its public discussion. Nothing but conscious rectitude of intention, co-operating with the hope of obtaining the aid of God's holy Spirit, and the reader's indulgence, could animate the tremulous mind in an enterprise to which it feels and avows itself unequal. A conviction that the subject is peculiarly seasonable, has contributed to overcome reluctance. The Times indeed appear to me to call upon every professor of Christianity to vindicate, in the manner best adapted to his abilities and opportunities, its controverted truth, its insulted honour; and if I shall be fortunate enough to s

communicate one suggestion to the wavering mind, which may conduce to this great purpose, my labour will not be in vain, nor my undertaking deemed rashly adventurous. I shall have accomplished my wish. To diffuse the sunshine of religious hope and confidence over the shadowy path of life; to dissipate the gloom of doubt and despair; to save a soul from death; objects so desirable, inspire an ardour which enables zeal to triumph over timidity.

That unbelief in Christ is increasing in the present age, and that the spirit of the times is rather favourable to its increase, has been asserted by high authority, and is too notorious to admit denial. The apostacy of a great nation, in the most enlightened and polished part of Europe; the public, unblushing avowal of atheism among some of its leaders; the multiplication of books on the Continent, in which Christianity is treated as a mere mode of fanaticism; all these circumstances have combined, with others, to cause hot only an indifference to the religion of Christ, but contempt and aversion to his very name. It were easy to cite contumelious reproaches of his person, as well as audacious denials of his claim to divine authority. But I will not pollute my" page, which however it may be deformed by error, shall not be stained with the transfusion of blasphemy. It is to be wished that all such works could be consigned to immediate and everlasting oblivion; but, I am sorry to say that they are diffused with an industry, which, if it appeared in making proselytes to virtue, would be in the highest degree meritorious. Almost every individual in our own country can now read; and manuals of infidelity, of infidelity, replete with plausible arguments, in language level to the lowest classes, are circulated among the people, at a price which places them within reach of the poorest reader. They are despised by the rich and neglected by the learned, but they fall into the

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