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Page XLV. Of Holiness its true Meaning, and absolute Neces.

sity. . . . . . . 174 XLVI. Of a good Heart.

177 XLVII. On the superior Morality of the Christian Philosophy. 181 XLVIII. The true Genius and Spirit of Christianity produc

tive of a certain Tenderness of Conscience, or feeling of
Rectitude, more favourable to right conduct, than any

deductions of unassisted Reason, or heathen morality. 183 XLIX. The great Advantage of Christian Philosophy being taught by a commanding Authority.

186 L. Morality or orbedience to the Commandments of God

in social intercourse and personal conduct, remarkably

insisted upon in the Gospel. . - 191 LI. Unbelievers not to be addressed merely with subtle Rea.

soning, which they always oppose in its own way, not
to be ridiculed, not to be treated with severity, but to
be tenderly and affectionately exhorted to prepare
their hearts for the reception of the inqvard witness,
and to relume the light of life, which they have ex.
tinguished, or rendered faint, through pride, vice, or
total neglect. - - .

193 LII. Of the inadequate Idea entertained by many respectable

Persons concerning Christianity; with a Suggestion
on the Expediency of their considering the true nature
of Christian Philosophy. - .

197 LIII. On Indifference and insensibility to Religion, arising

from hardness of heart. No progress can be made
in Christian Philosopby in such a State, as it is a State,

incompatible with the divine influence. - 200 LIV. A Self-examination recommended respecting religious

insensibility. . . . - , 203 LV. The Sum and Substance of Christian Philosophy the

Renewal of the Heart by Divine Grace; or the soften.
ing it and rendering it susceptible of virtuous and
benevolent impressions, by cultivating the two grand

principles—Piety to God, and Charity to Man. 207 LVI. On spiritual Slumber, as described in the Scriptures, and the Necessity of being awakened.,

209 LVII. On the Peace of God, that calm and composed State,

which is produced by the Christian Philosophy, and is


unknown to the Epicurean, Stoic, and all other Phi.

losophy, antient and modern. . . . 223 LVIII. General Reflections on Happiness-Errors in the pur

suit of it.-No sublunary Happiness perfect-Christ's
Invitation to the wretched. Christian Philosophy af-
fords the highest earthly Satisfaction. Its Summum
Bonum is a State of Grace, or the enjoyment of divine
Favour. . . .

. . 233 LIX. Apologetical conclusion, with a Recapitulation, and

addition of a few particulars respecting the preceding Subjects. - - - - 244


No. I. Cursory Remarks on one or two Objections in Mr. : Paine's last Pamphlet, against the Authenticity of the

Gospel. - - - - 291 No. II. -

313 No. III. . . . - - 323 No. IV.

. . - 325 No. V. - - - - - 326

• OR,





Cupimus enim investigare quid verum fit; neque id solum, quod

cum veritate, PIETATEM quoque præterea erga Deum habeat conjunctam.

SADOLET. INTRODUCTORY. I ENTER on the subject of this volume with unaffected diffidence. I tread on holy ground with awe. Though much of my life, devoted to letters from the earliest age, has been spent in reading the best writers on the Christian doctrine, and more in contemplation of it, yet a sense of its high importance, and of my own fallibility, has long restrained the impulse which prompted me to engage in its public discussion. Nothing but conscious rectitude of intention, co-operating with the hope of obtaining the aid of God's holy Spirit, and the reader's indulgence, could animate the tremulous mind in an enterprise to which it feels and avows itself unequal. A conviction that the subject is peculiarly seasonable, has contributed to overcome reluctance. The TIMEs indeed appear to me to call upon every professor of Christianity to vindicate, in the manner best adapted to his abilities and opportunities, its controverted truth, its insulted honour; and if I shall be fortunate enough to


communicate one suggestion to the wavering mind, which may conduce to this great purpose, my labour will not be in vain, nor my undertaking deemed rashly adventurous. I shall have accomplished my wish. To diffuse the sunshine of religious hope and confidence over the shadowy path of life; to dissipate the gloom of doubt and despair; to save a soul from death; objects so desirable, inspire an ardour which enables zeal to triumph over timidity.

That unbelief in Christ is increasing in the present age, and that the spirit of the times is rather favourable to its increase, has been asserted by high authority, and is too notorious to admit denial. The apostacy of a great nation, in the most enlightened and polished part of Europe; the public, unblushing avowal of atheism among some of its leaders; the multiplication of books on the Continent, in which Christianity is treated as a mere mode of fanaticism; all these circumstances have combined, with others, to cause not only an indifference to the religion of Christ, but contempt and aversion to his very name. It were easy to cite contumelious reproaches of his person, as well as audacious denials of his claim to divine anthority. But I will not pollute my page, which however it may be deformed by error, shall not be stained with the transfusion of blasphemy. It is to be wished that all such works could be consigned to immediate and everlasting oblivion; but, I am sorry to say that they are diffused with an industry, which, if it appeared in making proselytes to virtue, would be in the highest degree meritorious. Almost every individual in our own country can now read; and manuals of infidelity, of infidelity, replete with plausible arguments, in language level to the lowest classes, are circulated among the people, at a price which places them within reach of the poorest reader. They are despised by the rich and neglected by the learned, but they fall into the


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