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than the death of the body; a meaning more immediately affecting to the soul; even the privation of that spiritual life and communion with its Creator, which it had happily enjoyed before transgression: and, therefore, that the death here mentioned was a dying in spirit to that divine life, by which it had been quickened and made alive unto God. And it was, doubtless, in consequence of the celestial quickening of this divine life in the soul, that it was said, "In the image of God, created he him." And it is the renewing of this divine life, which still constitutes the divine image in man.

Although he has used such strenuous endeavours to traduce the character of George Fox,and condemn his and Barclay's writings; and also brings in Penn and Scott as erroneous persons, yet testimonies are not wanting from persons well acquainted with them, to set them in a very different point of view; but my present limits will not permit me to take them in, except a small sketch of those given by different persons of George Fox, which I propose to annex ; but I wish every reader who is disposed to judge for himself, and not condemn because another condemns, to read the writings of these men. Barclay Apology and Catechism; Penn's


No Cross, No Crown; and Scott on Baptism, are on doctrinal points. Scott is a late author, not many years since deceased. I knew him well; and have to say of him, that he was a man whose life was conspicuously marked with humility and self-denial, and a faithful labourer in support of practical religion.

The other three, I know only by their characters and writings; from which I consider them to have been faithful servants of Christ, engaged in propagating the Gospel, both by word and writing.

Barclay's Apology, which contains a general explanation of our principles, has been written nearly one hundred and forty years; has passed through numerous editions; and has been translated into divers other languages;-has stood the test of criticism and remains unrefuted.


Thomas Clarkson, a late author, not of our society, has given the following character of George Fox: "In his outward demeanour, he was modest, and without affectation. He possessed a certain gravity of manners; but was, nevertheless, affable, and

courteous, and civil, beyond the usual forms of breeding. In his disposition, he was meek, and tender, and compassionate. In his manner of living, he was temperate. Notwithstanding the great exercise he was accustomed to take, he allowed himself but little sleep.

"He was kind to the poor, without any exception; and, in his own society, laid the foundation of that attention towards them, which the world remarks as an honour to the Quaker character at the present day. But the poor were not the only persons for whom he manifested an affectionate concern. He felt and sympathized wherever humanity could be interested. Nothing, in short, that could be deplored by humanity, seems to have escaped his eye and his benevolence, when excited, appears to have suffered no interruption in its progress by the obstacles, which bigotry would have thrown in the way of many, on account of the difference of a person's country, or of his colour, or of his sect. He was patient under suffering. To those who smote his right cheek, he offered his left. And, in the true spirit of christianity, he indulged no rancour against the worst of his opposers.

"He possessed the most undaunted courage; for he was afraid of no earthly power. He never was deterred from going to meetings for worship, though he knew the officers would be there, who were to seize his person. As a minister of the gospel, singularly emiDent,and particularly impressive in his preaching. He was considered, both by his friends and enemies, as irreproachable in his life.

"Such was the character of the founder of Quakerism. He was born July, 1624; and died the 13th of November, 1690; affording an instance of the truth of those words of the Psalmist, Behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace." " Extract from Clarkson's Portraiture of Quakerism. vol. 1, p. 18-24.

William Penn, the original proprietor and Governor of Pennsylvania, being contemporary with George Fox, and being long acquainted with him, has thus delineated his character.

"He was a man that God endowed with a clear and wonderful depth: a discerner of others' spirits and very much master of his own. And though the side of his understanding which lay next to the world, and especially the expression of it, might sound uncouth and unfashionable to nice ears, his

matter was nevertheless very profound; and would not only bear to be often considered, but, the more it was so, the more weighty and interesting it appeared.

"As to man, he was an original, being no man's copy. He had an extraordinary gift in opening the Scriptures would go to the marrow of things. But, above all, he excelled in prayer. The inwardness and weight of his spirit; the reverence and solemnity of his address and behaviour; the fewness and fulness of his words; have often struck even strangers with admiration, as they used to reach others with consolation. The most awful, living, reverent frame I ever felt or beheld, I must say, was his in prayer and truly it was a testimony that he knew and lived nearer to the Lord than other men; for they that know him most will see most reason to approach him with reverence and fear. He was of an innocent life: no busy body, nor self seeker: neither touchy nor critical. What fell from him was very inoffensive, if not very edifying. So meek, contented, modest, easy, steady, tender, it was a pleasure to be in his company. He exercised no authority, but over evil; and that every where, and in all; but with love, compassion, and long suffering.

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