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for a great share of public attention. In a large vehicle, a printing press was seen at full work, striking off various mottos, which were eagerly purchased. On the side of the carriage appeared the words—Printing invented 1440,'-—and, on the flags, - Libertas non licentia,' and · Sit lux, et lux fuit.' Next came the Odd Fellows, attired in the eccentric dress of their order. The Freemasons, decorated with their several orders, closed the procession, and lined the way from the town-hall to the church, for the Mayor, Recorder, and Members of the Corporation, who proceeded on foot, together with the officers of the city, bearing the mace, &c.
The sermon was preached by the Vicar, from the 4th verse of the 122d Psalm; and, at the conclusion of Divine Service, the procession, in the order already mentioned, paraded all the principal streets of the town back to the town-hall, where the bands played · God save the King,' and See, the Conquering Hero comes.' The Mayor and Corporation walked the whole of the distance, though the rain poured very fast. The whole line of procession was thronged with spectators, together with the tops of houses and churches. The windows presented a brilliant assemblage of beauty and fashion. In the evening the opening Guild Ball was numerously attended, and displayed a scene of beauty, elegance, and fashion, unrivalled in that town, and, perhaps, in the county. The dresses of the ladies were particularly splendid, uniting the very height of fashion with classical chasteness. Silver lama over white muslin, with a profusion of pearl ornaments, in a variety of devices of loops, broaches, tiaras, necklaces, &c., formed the prevailing costume. The simplicity and elegance of the general appearance were uncommonly attractive and beautiful.
Various other processions, horse-races, balls, and endless carnivalia, followed, continuing for several days.
7.-SAINT EUNERCHUS. Eunerchus, or Evortius, was Bishop of Orleans, and present at the council of Valentia, A.D. 375. The circumstances of his election to this see were considered as miraculous, and principally ascribed to a dove, which alighted upon his head in consequence of the prayers of the electors.
8.-NATIVITY OF THE VIRGIN MARY. A concert of angels having been heard in the air to solemnize this important event, the festival was appointed by Pope Servius about the year 695. Innocent IV honoured this feast with an octave in 1244, and Gregory XI, about the year 1370, with a vigil.
*13. 1819.-WILLIAM SMITH DIED,, ÆT. 89. He was, for more than thirty-five years, a player on the London stage, having made his first appearance at Covent Garden Theatre, January 1, 1753, in the character of Theodosius ;-he retired from Drury Lane at the end of the season in 1788. Dr. Johnson, in his Life of Savage, speaking of Mr. Wilks the player, says, he was ' a man, who, whatever were his abilities as an actor, deserves at least to be remembered for his virtues, which are not often to be found in the world; and, perhaps, less often in his profession than in others. To be humane, generous, and candid, is a very high degree of merit in any case; but those qualifications deserve still greater praise when they are found in that condition which makes almost every other man, for whatever reason, contemptuous, insolent, petulant, selfish, and brutal.' (Works, by Murphy, vol. x, p. 294). We conceive these sentiments not to be candid or just, and they were probably written by Johnson in a fit of spleen and envy against his more fortunate brother adventurer Garrick; for Johnson, notwithstanding his great abilities and great virtues, was, perhaps, more obnoxious to these reproachful epithets than Garrick, or most others of the superior players; and, indeed, Dr. Johnson himself, when Mrs. Siddons visited him in 1783, as we are told by Boswell, having expatiated, with his usual force and eloquence, on Mr. Garrick's extraordinary eminence as an actor, he concluded with this compliment to his social talents, “ And, after all, Madam, I thought him less to be eavied on the stage than at the head of a table.' -(Vol. iv, p. 258.) Mr. Smith was educated at Eton School, and St. John's College, Cambridge. His taking to the stage was occasioned by some youthful irregularities, but he maintained, throughout his theatrical career, the name of gentleman Smith. His first wife was a sister of the Earl of Sandwich, who was First Lord of the Admiralty; she lived but a short time, and he married again. On Mr. Smith's retiring from the stage, he went to live at Bury St. Edmund's, where he was universally respected, and his company courted. His manners were those of the poIished gentleman: though educated in a certain school of acting, and living to a great age, Mr. S. was no bigot to his own times and manners, but he went up to London, at different periods, to witness the so much vaunted powers of Betty and of Kean, and pronounced the latter superior to all former professors of the art. Mr. S. never published or brought out any piece, but he had altered the Two Noble Kinsmen of Beaumont and Fletcher, and had begun an alteration of Shakspeare's Plays, omitting the exceptionable passages.
14.--HOLY CROSS. This festival was first observed in the year 615, on the following occasion : Cosroes, King of Persia, having plundered Jerusalem, carried away large pieces of the cross which had been left there by the Empress Helena.
Heraclius, the emperor, soon afterwards engaged and defeated him, and recovered the cross; but, bringing it back in triumph to Jeru
salem, he found the gates shut against him, and heard a voice from heaven saying, that the King of Kings did not enter into that city in so stately a manner, but meek and lowly, and riding upon an ass. The emperor then immediately dismounted from his horse, and walked through the city barefooted, carrying the cross himself. The ceremony of kissing the cross is performed in the Greek church on this day. See our last volume, p. 245.
We cannotbetter illustrate this notice of Holy Cross Day than by giving Professor Humboldt's interesting description of the Cross of the South, as lately seen by this celebrated traveller. The lower regions of the air (he observes) were loaded with vapours for some days. We saw distinctly, for the first time, the Cross of the South, only in the night of the 4th and 5th of July, in the sixteenth degree of latitude: it was strongly inclined, and appeared, from time to time, between the clouds; the centre of which, furrowed by uncondensed lightnings, reflected a silver light. The pleasure felt on discovering the Southern Cross was warmly shared by such of the crew as had lived in the colonies. In the solitude of the seas, we hail a star as a friend, from whom we have been long separated. Among the Portuguese and the Spaniards, peculiar motives seem to increase this feeling; a religious sentiment attaches them to a constellation, the form of which recals the sign of the faith planted by their ancestors in the deserts of the New World. The two great stars which mark the summit and the foot of the cross, having nearly the same right ascension, it follows that the constellation is almost vertical at the moment when it passes the meridian, This circumstance is known to every nation that lives beyond the tropics, or in the southern hemisphere. It is known at what hour of the night, in different seasons, the Southern Cross iš erect, or inclined. It is a time-piece, that advances very relers :-See Mrs. C. Stothard's interesting Tour in Normandy;' Mr. Dibdin's elegant ‘Bibliographical Tour;' Mr. Dawson Turner's valuable Tour in Normandy; and particularly the description by this latter gentleman, accompanying Mr. Cotman's two very splendid etchings of the cathedral, in his Architectural Antiquities of Normandy.'
It is a source of great pleasure to the writer that he visited this Cathedral, for the second time, but a few days before the work of destruction took place; and during the very agreeable time that he passed in the fine 'auntient city' of Rouen, and its picturesque environs, he did not fail to perform his early matins in this magnificent structure; and while he paced its long-drawn aisles,' contemplated its fretted vaults,' 'its richly-storied windows,' and enjoyed the awe-inspiring dim, religious, lighť of the place, he chaunted forth the following exquisite sonnet of Mr. WORDSWORTH, in which he trusts all bis readers will devoutly join, and accord their fervent AMEN:
Open your Gates, ye everlasting Piles !
17.-SAINT LAMBERT, Lambert was Bishop of Utrecht, in the time of King Pepin I; but, reproving the king's grandson for his irregularities, he was cruelly murdered at the instigation of an abandoned woman. Being canonized, he obtained, at first, only a simple commemo