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GRATIOT STREET PRISON, November 4, 1862. General CURTIS:

I see by the Saint Louis papers of to-day that a boat with Federal prisoners from Little Rock arrived at Helena on the 30th ultimo. It appears that the Confederate Government observes the cartel in all respects, and I again in behalf of myself and members of the Twentyfirst Texas Cavalry demand our exchange. Some have been confined a month and others nearly that time. We claim simple justice and that respect for our rights to which as prisoners of war we are entitled. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

D. C. GIDDINGS, Lieutenant-Colonel Twenty-first Texas Cavalry, C. $. Army.

COLUMBUS, OHIO, November 5, 1862. Hon. E. M. STANTON:

Allow me to repeat the recommendation that the paroled Union pris. oners at this place and Camp Douglas not likely to be soon exchanged be honorably discharged from service. It is impossible to control men when in idleness. I hope it may not be true as reported that the men belonging to the Sixtieth Regiment Ohio Volunteers (infantry) have been discharged generally without pay. There are many gallant men among them.



WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington, November 5, 1862. Maj. Gen. JOHN A. Dix, Fort Monroe:

Intercepted letters state that several women intend to leave Richmond soon to obtain supplies or to quarter themselves and their families on their friends in the North while their husbands and sons are fighting in the rebel armies. They say that they have arranged to come under passes from the rebel authorities and permission from you on the truce boats. As it would be against the positive orders of this Department to permit anybody except exchanged prisoners to come, your attention is called to the matter. To guard against the violation of the rule by your subordinates you will hereafter require a complete list in duplicate to be made of all persons (including the officers and crew) who go up the river on every truce boat and another list of all those who come down on every such boat on her return, both lists to be certified by the officer in charge of the boat, and one copy to be transmitted to this Department and the other to be filed at the headquarters of your department. By order of the Secretary of War:

P. H. WATSON, Assistant Secretary of War.

FORT MONROE, November 5, 1862. Hon. P. H. WATSON:

The statement in the intercepted letters is entirely untrue. I have given no permission to any woman or family to come from Richmond. On the contrary I have given positive orders to let no one come from Aiken's Landing with the flag-of-truce boats except released prisoners.




Washington, November 5, 1862. His Excellency S. J. KIRKWOOD,

Governor of Iowa, Iowa City. GOVERNOR: Your letter of the 30th is just received. The main points have been answered in my letter of the 1st instant. I have no official information in regard to the treatment of Iowa prisoners at Annapolis. It was reported, however, that some of the prisoners in marching through the city were guilty of great outrages, robbing and plundering property. I do not kuow that any of them were from Iowa. Probably the employment of a guard in marching prisoners through that city was to prevent a repetition of these offenses.

You may be assured, Governor, that Iowa troops will not be neglected. All their wants have been and will be supplied there as rapidly as possible, much sooner indeed than they could be if sent in their destitute condition to their own State. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,




Washingion, D. C., November 5, 1862. Capt. H. W. FREEDLEY, Washington, D. C.

CAPTAIN: You will immediately proceed to Alexandria and make an examination into the condition of the paroled Federal troops in the camp or hospital appropriated to them in or near that city. Inquire particularly into the facts connected with the treatment of a detach. ment of Third Wisconsin Volunteers, sent to Alexandria, as set forth in the accompanying extract from a report of the Governor of Wisconsin. Having made the inspection you will return to this city and make a full report. This inspection is made by order of the Secretary of War. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. HOFFMAN, Colonel Third Infantry, Commissary-General of Prisoners.

(Inclosed extract.)

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, Madison, October 20, 1862. Hon. E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War, Washington, D. C. SIR:

That says seventy-five of these men were captured by the enemy May 20, 1862, and were held in prison till September 13, 1862, enduring all the privations incident to such captivity. That in a condition of weakness for want of proper food and in want of cloth ing these men were, on being paroled and released, sent to Annapolis, where they remained two weeks without tents or shelter,on small rations, without cooking utensils and unprovided with clothing. That the men were next sent to Alexandria and turned into a field without tents, blankets, rations or wood and so remained for some time. That after some time clothing, but not sufficient to cover absolute wants, was furnished, but their treatment otherwise was little improved, the sick in


particular being ill-provided for. These men ask for furlough till exchanged, or if this cannot be granted that they be supplied with what they are justly sentitled to]. Yours, respectfully,


Governor of Wisconsin,

HEADQUARTERS, Fort Monroe, November 5, 1862. General THOMAS, Adjutant-General U, S. Army.

GENERAL: I have just completed the necessary work on the rolls and exchange papers and shall start early to-morrow morning for Aiken's Landing. Not a moment has been lost here.

I have arranged for a barge to be sent here and to be fitted up as a receiving vessel for Confederate prisoners. This will enable me to receive and retain small detachments of prisoners sent down until there are a sufficient number collected to make up a load for a steamer. We have no place for them on shore and Fort Wool has been transferred to the engineers. Yours, very respectfully,

WM. H. LUDLOW, Lieut. Col. and Acting Commissioner for Exchange of Prisoners.

WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington, November 5, 1862. Hon. SAMUEL GALLOWAY, Columbus, Ohio.

SIR: The Secretary of War directs me to say that he was advised by telegraph October 22 ultimo that you had been appointed by Governor Tod special commissioner ad interim, Judge Hitchcock being unable to perform the duties of the commission by reason of sickness, and that he has also just received a communication from Judge Hitchcock tendering his resignation as special commissioner to take effect the 30th October, 1862. This communication therefore is to advise Governor Tod and yourself that your appointment as commissioner ad interim is recognized and approved, and also to inform you that you are hereby appointed special commissioner in place of Hon. Reuben Hitchcock, resigned, and you will be governed by the instructions* forwarded him in your official proceedings. By order of the Secretary of War:


Judge- Advocate.

(Indorsement.) MAJOR: You will perceive from the within papers* that Commissioner Galloway is authorized to investigate only the cases of state prisoners and his recent practice of inquiring into the cases of soldiers is without authority. As it is permitted nowhere else there seems to be no excuse for his interference. Please consider and return this. Yours,

W. H.


Washington, D. C., November 5, 1862 EDWARD MCPHERSON, Gettysburg, Pa.

SIR: In reply to your communication to the Adjutant-General U.S. Army of the 29th ultimo relative to the release of gentlemen captured

* See instructions signed by L. C. Turner, August 23, 1862, p. 425.

recently in Pennsylvania, I am directed by the commissary-general of prisoners to say that arrangements are now being made for the release or exchange of all civilians in confinement in Southern prisons. Applications for the release of particular individuals cannot at present be considered. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

H. W. FREEDLEY, Capt., Third Infty., Assistant to Commissary-General of Prisoners.


Washington, D.O. SIR: I learn that Lieutenant Conger, of the First (Third West Virginia U. S. Volunteer Cavalry, was captured by a superior force on the 25th of October last and sent to Richmond. I know not why a different course was taken with him from other prisoners lest it be that they are going to adopt the course with Virginia prisoners indicated some time since by Letcher, who asked that they might be handed over to him to be dealt with by the civil law. If anything of this kind is attempted I hope an order will be made to retain Virginia rebel prisoners for a like purpose by the Federal Government. Please give Lieutenant Conger's case immediate attention by way of exchange. He is an excellent, brave officer; and especially see that he is placed on as good footing as any other officer from any State. I am, yours, &c.,


WASHINGTON, D. C., November 6, 1862. Major-General BUTLER, Commanding, New Orleans.

GENERAL: In reply to your communication of October 22, requesting to know the status of the U. S. prisoners of war sent back to you under the recent cartel, I am directed by the General-in-Chief to say they cannot be ordered on duty until exchanged and that a release on parole and transfer into our lines is not an exchange. I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

J. C. KELTON, Assistant Adjutant-General.

U.S. MARSHAL'S OFFICE, New York, November 6, 1862. Hon. L. C. TURNER, Judge-Advocate, Washington, D. C.

SIR: I have the honor to report to you that Captain Puffer, of Maj. Gen. B. F. Butler's staff, delivered into my custody on the 4th instant three rebel clergymen named respectively Rev. Dr. Leacock, Rev. Mr. Fulton and Rev. Mr. Goodrich. I have paroled the prisoners and they are at the Astor House. Captain Puffer has left for Washington to report to the War Department. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


U. S. Marshal.

CAMP PAROLE, Annapolis, Md., November 6, 1862. Colonel SANGSTER, Commanding Paroled Prisoners.

SIR: Permit me to call your attention to the inhuman practice of sending paroled prisoners to this camp while in a state of extreme

debility, wounded, weakened by hard work, confinement in Southern prisons and diseases incidental to the parts they bave come from. Some of them arrive in a inoribund condition and are as it were carted here to be buried. These men you are aware arrive from all parts, are hurried out of the various hospitals in large numbers (and as the men say themselves “just to get quit of us") to report to this camp. I wish you to have this matter represented to the parties having authority and have it stopped. I am, colonel, yours, respectfully,

JAS. NORVAL, Surgeon Seventy-ninth New York State Militia, in Charge.

[Indorsement.) Approved. The condition in which these men come to this camp is deplorable. Some come here in such a condition that we have to carry them on stretchers from the steam-boat and cars. All such men should be put in hospitals where there is every comfort and care that their cases need.

GEO, SANGSTER, Lieut. Col. 47th New York State Militia, Comdg. Paroled Prisoners.

WASHINGTON, November 7, 1862. Adjutant-General THOMAS, Harrisburg:

I am directed to answer your telegram to the Secretary of War of to-day. Your employment of counsel to defend writs of habeas corpus without the direction of the War Department was improper. It was your duty to report fully on this matter and await the orders of the President. You will immediately report who issued the writs, upon what grounds they were issued, &c., who are employed as counsel, and have the hearing postponed until the directions of the War Department can be obtained, which will be given without delay.




Washington, D. C., November 7, 1862. Col. W. H. LUDLOW,

Actg. Commissioner for E.rchange of Prisoners, Fort Monroe, Va.: If Brig. Gen. R. W. Johnson, U. S. Volunteers, is not on your list for exchange please put him on and exchange him if possible.

E. D. TOWNSEND, Assistant Adjutant-General.


Washington, D. C., November 7, 1862. Hon. E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War, Washington, D. C.

SIR: Pursuant to your instructions I yesterday made an inspection of the camp near Annapolis, where a portion of our paroled troops are stationed, and I have the honor to submit the following report: There are 7,000 to 8,000 men there living in tents, as comfortable as soldiers can expect to be under canvas at this season of the year. They should

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