Page images
PDF
EPUB

The fund of the prisoners' hospital will be kept separate from that of the hospital of the guards and will be disbursed for the sole benefit of the sick prisoners on the recommendation of the surgeon in charge approved by you.

A general fund will be created by withholding such part of the rations as may not be necessary, the surplus to be purchased by the commissary as provided for by existing regulations, and this fund will be disbursed under your directions in the purchase of such articles as may be necessary for the health and comfort of the prisoners and which otherwise would have to be purchased by the Government. Among these articles are all table furniture, cooking utensils, articles for police purposes, bed-ticks and straw and the means of improving or enlarging the barrack accommodations. All such articles will be purchased on the requisition of and through the quartermaster with your approbation.

The extra pay of clerks who have charge of the letters and keep the accounts of the private funds deposited by prisoners may be paid from this fund. The commissary will be responsible for the funds, will keep the necessary accounts and will keep you advised from time to time of the amount on hand. The sutler is entirely under your control, and you will see that [he] furnishes proper articles and at reasonable rates, and you will impose a tax upon him for the privilege according to the amount of his trade. This tax will make part of the fund available for the prisoners' benefit.

Visitors will not be permitted in the camp except the near relations (loyal people) of prisoners who may be seriously ill. This order will in no case be violated unless with my sanction.

All articles contributed by friends of the prisoners in whatever shape they come if proper to be received will be carefully distributed as the donors may request, such articles as are intended for the sick passing through the hands of the surgeon, who will be responsible for their proper use.

Prisoners will not be permitted to write letters of more than one page of common letter paper, the matter to be strictly of a private nature or the letter must be destroyed. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. HOFFMAN, Colonel Third Infantry, Commissary-General of Prisoners.

OFFICE COMMISSARY-GENERAL OF PRISONERS,

Chicago, June 29, 1862. Col. JOSEPH H, TUCKER,

Commanding Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill. COLONEL: Please furnish me immediately with the number of pris. oners of war that have been held in Camp Douglas up to this time so far as the records show—the number now present, the number sick, the number discharged, explaining briefly the circumstances, the number escaped and the number died. Report to me the condition in which you found the records of the camp on taking command, the amount of funds turned over to you belonging to prisoners of war and condition of the accounts relative thereto, the amount of the hospital or other funds, if there be any, and all matters relating to the sanitary condition of the camp. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. HOFFMAN, Colonel Third Infantry, Commissary-General of Prisoners.

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST-MARSHAL-GENERAL,

Saint Louis, June 29, 1862. Lieut. Col. C. W. MARSH, Assistant Adjutant-General.

COLONEL: Will you oblige by informing General Schofield that no permits have been granted to U. S. officers to enter the Gratiot Street Prison for the purpose of recruiting among the prisoners. Numerous applications have been made for that purpose but have invariably been refused. I will instruct Lieutenant Bishop hereafter to refuse to all officers admission to the prisoners unless by special permit from General Schofield's or this office. I remain, very respectfully,

BERNARD G. FARRAR,

Provost-Marshal-General.

HEADQUARTERS, Baltimore, June 30, 1862. Hon. EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War:

I have seen a letter from Senator Pearce stating that he is making great efforts to procure the release of Judge Carmichael, confined at Fort McHenry. It appears to me that we ought to adopt more rigid measures in regard to traitors than hitherto. It is therefore that I would recommend that you will be slow to act in the case of the judge.

JOIN E. WOOL,

Major-General.

WAR DEPARTMENT, Washington, June 30, 1862. Major General WOOL: !

Your arrest of Judge Bartol is approved. It is not very likely that Carmichael will get liberated. McClellan has moved his whole force across the Chickahominy and rests on James River, being supported by our gun-boats. The position is favorable and looks more like taking Richmond than any time before. I will send you some (secret-] service money.

EDWIN M. STANTON,

Secretary of War.

CORINTH, MISS., June 30, 1862. Major-General BUELL, Huntsville:

Lieutenant-Colonel Bennett, of the rebel army, has arrived at Gen. eral Thomas' camp with permission from you to come to my headquar. ters for the purpose of exchange. The impropriety of sending rebel officers to my headquarters for any purpose whatever must be manifest. You can exchange them or parole them for the purpose of effecting their own exchange if you deem it expedient, but under no circumstances should they be sent through our armies to my headquarters.

H. W. HALLECK,

Major-General.

HEADQUARTERS, Huntsville, June 30, 1862. General HALLECK:

I have given no rebel officer knowing him as such permission to go to your headquarters for any purpose. I never to my knowledge saw or heard of Colonel Bennett.

D. C. BUELL.

. ,}

SPECIAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, 150

New Orleans, June 30, 1862. Mrs. Phillips, wife of Philip Phillips, having been once imprisoned for her traitorous proclivities and acts at Washington and released by the clemency of the Government, and having been found training her chil. dren to spit npon officers of the United States, for which act of one of those children both her husband and herself apologized and were again forgiven, is now found on the balcony of her house during the passage of the funeral procession of Lieutenant De Kay laughing and mocking at his remains, and on being inquired of by the commanding general if this fact were so, contemptuously replied, "I was in good spirits that day."

It is therefore ordered that she be not "regarded and treated as a common woman" of whom no officer or soldier is bound to take notice, but as an uncommon, bad and dangerous woman, stirring up strife and inciting to riot, and that therefore she be confined at Ship Island, in the State of Mississippi, within proper limits there until further orders, and that she be allowed one female servant and no more if she so choose; that one of the houses for hospital purposes be assigned her as quarters and a soldier's ration each day served out to her with the means of cooking the same, and that no verbal or written communication be allowed with her except through this office, and that she be kept in close confinement until removed to Ship Island. By command of Major-General Butler:

R. S. DAVIS, Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant-Generat.

[ocr errors]

SPECIAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF,
No. 151.

New Orleans, June 30, 1862. Fidel Keller has been found exhibiting a human skeleton in his bookstore window in a public place in this city, labeled “Chickahominy" in large letters, meaning and intending that the bones should be taken by the populace to be the bones of a Union soldier slain in that battle in order to bring the authority of the United States and our armies into contempt, and for that purpose had stated to the passers-by that the bones were those of a “Yankee soldier,” whereas in truth and fact they were the bones purchased some weeks before of a Mexican consul to whom they were pledged by a medical student.

It is therefore ordered that for this desecration of the dead he be confined at Ship Island for two years at hard labor, and that he be allowed to communicate with no other person on the island except Mrs. Phillips, who has been sent there for a like offense. Any written messages may be sent to him through these headquarters.

Upon the order being read the said Keller requested that so much of it as associated him with "that woman” might be recalled, which request was therefore reduced to writing by him as follows:

NEW ORLEANS, June 30, 1862. Mr. Keller desires that that part of the sentence which refers to the communication with Mrs. Phillips be stricken out, as he does not wish to have communication with the said Mrs. Phillips.

F. KELLER. Witness:

D. WATERS.

Said request seeming to the commanding general to be reasonable, so much of said order is revoked, and the remainder will be executed. By order of Major-General Butler:

R. S. DAVIS, Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

SPECIAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF,
No. 152.

New Orleans, June 30, 1862. John W. Andrews exhibited a cross, the emblem of the suffering of our blessed Savior, fashioned for a personal ornament which he said was made from the bones of a “Yankee soldier,” and having shown this too without rebuke in the Louisiana Club which claims to be composed of chivalric gentlemen, it is therefore ordered that for this desecration of the dead he be confined at hard labor for two years on the fortifications at Ship Island, and that he be allowed no verbal or written com. munication to or with any one except through these headquarters. By order of Major-General Butler:

R. S. DAVIS, Captain and Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

SHERMAN'S HOTEL, Chicago, June 30, 1862. Colonel HOFFMAN, U. S. Army:

SIR: I thank you for the privilege extended by your courtesy to visit Camp Douglas, from which I have just returned. If you have yourself been there it is wholly unnecessary for me to say that the place is as desperately circumstanced as any camp ever was, and that nothing but a special providence or some peculiar efticacy of the lake winds can prevent it from becoming a source of pestilence before another month has gone over our heads. The amount of standing water, of unpoliced grounds, of foul sinks, of unventilated and crowded barracks, of general disorder, of soil reeking with miasmatic accretions, of rotten bones and the emptyings of camp-kettles is enough to drive a sanitarian to despair. I hope that no thought will be entertained of mending matters. The absolute abandonment of the spot seems the only judicious course. I do not believe that any amount of drainage would purge that soil loaded with accumulated filth, or those barracks fetid with two stories of vermin and animal exhalations. Nothing but fire can cleanse them. I rejoice that you have come at such an opportune moment, for a week's delay at this critical season when the hot weather is about setting in with violence might cost many lives. It will be a great relief to hear that the place is abandoned and a true camp established in some gravelly region. I hope that ridge ventilation carried the whole length of the building will be adopted in any new edifices and that a careful system of drainage will be adopted from the start. If in the pressure of your engagements you choose to call on the Sani. tary Commission for any plan for the camp of 10,000 men or a proper and economical style of barracks I shall be most happy to send a plan and even an architect at the expense of the Commission to aid your purpose. Excuse the liberty I take in addressing you in this private manner. Having no report to make outside I have thought it my duty to send you these few words just as I am leaving Chicago for the East. I shall be in New York after Wednesday next. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

HENRY W. BELLOWS, President of the Sanitary Commission.

OFFICE COMMISSARY-GENERAL OF PRISONERS,

Chicago, June 30, 1862. Col. J. H. TUCKER,

Commanding Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill. COLONEL: In consequence of the discharge of the surgeons who were prisoners of war at Camp Douglas you will employ four private physi. cians at the compensation fixed by the regulations, and four assistants at not over $50 per month, to assist Surgeon McVickar in the care of the sick prisoners. Should you find the services of another physician necessary please let me know. When the hospital fund will admit of it the assistants may be paid out of it; otherwise they will be paid by the quartermaster. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

W. HOFFMAN, Colonel Third Infantry, Commissary-General of Prisoners.

HEADQUARTERS HOFFMAN'S BATTALION,

Depot Prisoners of War, Sandusky, June 30, 1862. Col. WILLIAM HOFFMAN,

Commissary. General of Prisoners, Detroit, Mich. COLONEL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your favor of the 23d instant. Your order respecting lists of prisoners will be complied with immediately. You say "separate rolls of citizens will be sent.” We received only the old-style blank for prisoners of war; do separate rolls for citizens. I have the honor to send herewith list* of prisoners received June 21 from Fort Columbus, New York Harbor; also list* of surgeons unconditionally released in accordance with paragraph IV, General Orders, No. 60, Adjutant-General's Office, Washington, June 6, 1862; also list* of prisoners from Camp Douglas, Chicago, June 27, 1862. Your obedient servant,

W. S. PIERSON,

Major, Commanding.

Per B. W. WELLS, Second Lieutenant and Post Adjutant.

CAMP DOUGLAS, Chicago, June 30, 1862. Col. J. H. TUCKER, Commanding.

SIR: Allow me to call your attention to the necessity of immediate attention in the matter of drainage, free introduction of water and other sanitary precautions for the health of the camp. The surface of the ground is becoming saturated with the filth and slop from the privies, kitchens and quarters and must produce serious results to bealth as soon as the hot weather sets in. The number of patients in hospital (326 to-day) and the still larger number requiring attention in the barracks, calls also since the discharge of the rebel surgeons for an immediate force to supply the service left vacant by their release. There were sixteen on duty, and from a careful analysis of the same and personal inspection and from conference with my colleagues I think as expressed in conversation yesterday that it will require five surgeons and four assistants to perform the medical duty of the camp in a

* Not found.

« PreviousContinue »