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walk in the steps of our Lord, and "to follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth." Which that we may be able to do, do thou, O blessed Redeemer, draw us — draw us by the cords of thy love-draw us by the sense of thy goodness-draw us by the incomparable worth and excellency of thy person-draw us by the unspotted purity and beauty of thy example-draw us by the merit of thy precious death, and by the power of thy Holy Spirit," draw us," good Lord, "and we shall run after thee."-Dr. Isaac Barrow.
THE BURDEN OF SIN.-As it happened to the paralytic man, so does it happen to us. When Christ had said to him, "Thy sins are forgiven thee; arise and walk," he arose and took up his bed, and went to his home. Thus we too are naturally palsied and lame and halt with sin; but when Jesus says to us," Repent, and your sins shall be forgiven," we too are strengthened and encouraged to arise and walk in the paths of righteousness. We leave our burden of sin behind us, and take up our bed, and carry it along with us; that is, in our duty we find our rest. Let none of you say within himself, "This is all very well for gross and open sinners; but it does not apply to decent, well-behaved persons, such as I am." Remember that a man may sleep upon his burden instead of carrying it; and then to be sure he does not feel it. Yes, he may so sleep, and may even dream that he is moving onward; but he who moves only in a dream will not make much way. Besides, his dream must come to an end; he must awake at last. Does not St. John tell us, that "If a man say he has no sin, he deceives himself, and the truth is not in him?" Does not St. James say, "In many things we all offend?" Surely these texts are plain enough. He who has never felt the burden of his sins, and his need of pardon, will do well to ponder and consider them. Want of feeling is no proof of life and health, but the contrary.-Rev. A. W.
BY CHARLES BAYLY.
(For the Church of England Magazine.)
WHEN affliction casts o'er us her mantle of grief,
To Jesus with patient devotion can pray.
O, when fainting from pain we insensibly sink,
Then to live will be pleasure, to die will be gain. And when these frail bodies to dust we resign,
And our spirits soar back to their glorified Lord, Cloth'd anew in immortal effulgence to shine, Let thy love be through ages eternal ador'd.
RETURN, thou wish'd and welcome guest,
Though not the Bridegroom, at his voice,
Amidst the earthliness of life,
All meet as brethren, mix as friends; Nature her general groan suspends; No cares, no sin-born labourers tire; E'en the poor brutes thou bidst respire: 'Tis almost as, restor'd awhile, Earth had resum'd her Eden-smile. I love thy call of earthly bells, As on my waking ear it swells; I love to see thy pious train Seeking in groups the solemn fane : But most I love to mingle there In sympathy of praise and prayer, And listen to that living word Which breathes the Spirit of the Lord; Or at thy mystic table placed Those eloquent mementos taste Of thee, thou suffering Lamb divine, Thy soul-refreshing bread and wine; Sweet viands, kindly given to 'suage The faintness of the pilgrimage!
Sever'd from Salem, while unstrung His harp on pagan willows hung, What wonder if the Psalmist pin'd, As for her brooks the hunted hind, The temple's humblest place would win, Gladlier than all the pomp of sin; Envied th' unconscious birds that sung Around those altars o'er their young, And deem'd one heavenly Sabbath worth More than a thousand days of earth: Well might his harp and heart rejoice To hear once more that festal voice"Come, brethren, come, with glad accord, Haste to the dwelling of the Lord!"
But if on earth, so calm, so blest, The house of prayer, the day of rest; If to the spirit when it faints, So sweet the assembly of his saints; There let us pitch our tents (we say), For, Lord, with thee 'tis good to stayYet from the mount we soon descend, Too soon our earthly Sabbaths end; Cares of a work-day world return, And faint our hearts, and fitful burn O think, my soul, beyond compare, Think what a Sabbath must be there,
Where all is holy bliss, that knows
REV. T. GRINfield.
ST. SPIRIDIONE.-The principal church, or rather the cathedral of Corfu, which contains the relics of St. Spiridione, is superbly ornamented and enriched with many valuable paintings. There, too, the body of the saint is preserved entire within a shrine; and although he died in Cyprus seven hundred years ago, his flesh at this day yields to the touch. This valuable treasure is deposited in a silver coffin set with precious stones; and the Corfiots assert that the Venetians made many efforts to remove the body to Venice, and were only prevented by the miraculous interposition of the saint himself. It is well known that fanaticism attained a lamentable height during Venetian domination in these islands, when the superstitious bent the knee but too often at the shrine of Spiridione. It was then imagined that money, jewels, and worldly riches, were esteemed by the saint, and would procure his intercession in heaven for the repentant sinner. This led to the accumulation of vast treasures in the cathedral of this little island city. On Spiridione's festival-day, the wretched remains of the saint, if a fragment of the original body could remain, are taken from the shrine, placed in a glass case resembling a sedan-chair, and borne in procession through the principal streets. The face is placed sufficiently close to the front of the case to admit distinct observation, and presents a miserable, nay, contemptible exhibition, calculated to deceive those, and those only, over whom a victory is no triumph. Returning to the cathedral, which is dedicated to the patron saint of Corfu, the body is again enshrined, and all around are placed candelabra and lamps of solid gold and silver-offerings of fanaticism, superstition, and bigotry, that have been made there from time to time.
GAMBLING.-Games of mere chance with dice, or with cards, or other things, in which money is won or lost merely by play, have been viewed by all soberminded men as a most pernicious pleasure; and very severe laws have been enacted to prevent, or to punish public gambling, even in respect of the nobility and gentry. One of the articles of the apprentice's indenture expressly forbids the practice, under the penalty of losing the freedom of the city. Gambling is an offence, from its consequences, of a very grievous nature against God, your employers, and yourselves. It is a sad waste of time, and is a source of distraction to the mind. It leads people to become connected with swindlers of every description, and it promotes idleness, theft, and sensuality of all sorts, as it generally associates itself with the most profligate habits. One person can only gain as another loses ; and therefore deceit, and evil tempers, and bad
From "The Shores and Islands of the Mediterranean; a Series of Views from Nature, with Descriptions." By the Rev. G. N. Wright, M.A. 4to. Fisher, London and Paris.-About eight parts of this very interesting work are published; the engravings are beautiful, and the descriptions good. We recommend it to our readers' favourable notice.
+ From "Affectionate Advice to Apprentices," &c. By Rev. H. G. Watkins, Rector of St. Swithin, London-stone. Sceleys. -This is an excellent little work, and especially deserving the attention of masters and apprentices.
expressions, are constantly occasioned by the pestilent practice of gaming. Even gain at first may bring to the winner ruinous losses afterwards, as it excites a spirit of covetousness to gain more, and in that endeavour every thing is often lost. No parent can have the least confidence in a child, nor master in a servant, when this pernicious and ruinous habit, the love of play, as it is called, is once formed in the mind. It has tempted many to supply themselves with money for the gaming-table by robbing their masters; or some other mode of fraud has been invented and practised, which at length has been detected, and the delinquent has fallen into deep distress, and perhaps under condign punishment. Many horrible suicides in high life have been the effect of losses at the gaming-house. Those who acquire an inclination for gaming will find little inclination for business. The disposition for the one is quite the opposite to that for the other. Caution, frugality, modesty, self-denial, strict honesty in word and deed, must all meet together to form a respectable tradesman; but the very reverse of all these good qualities belong to the gamester. He soon becomes extravagant, fraudulent, licentious, and intemperate in every thing. He, therefore, that would not expose himself to shame, punishment, and ruin, must be careful not to spend his time in cards, dice, billiards, &c. "Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished; but he that gathereth by labour shall increase" (Prov. xiii. 11). Let my young reader, therefore, avoid all such company as may lead to this deadly evil of gaming, as he would avoid offending God. Obtain all that you spend in an honest way, and not by the loss or the pain of others, as you would stand high in the credit and esteem of your master, and enjoy a quiet, peaceful conscience. No money will wear well that is not gotten honestly.
INTOXICATION.-If we may justly condemn that powerful body of men professing themselves to be Christians, who, with whatever motives, and under whatever mistaken views, make a trade of idolatry, and raise a large annual income by the profits of pilgrimages to the temple of Juggernaut, and the maintenance of other cruel and licentious rites of paganism, (and we trust that few disinterested men will be found to defend such practices as these in this enlightened age and country,)-then assuredly that government will not be held guiltless, who, professing to deprecate the misery and depravity of the lower orders, and to uphold the laws and religion of the country, yet act in such a manner as to afford encouragement to that very vice, which is confessedly the parent of almost every other offence against religion and morality; who take under their protection those receptacles of the wicked and depraved of both sexes, the beer-shops and jerry-shops of the country; and foster, by their legislation, the growth of those stately temples of iniquity, the ginpalaces of the metropolis. Mr. Pownall, a highly respectable magistrate of the county of Middlesex, informs us, that no less than 3000 children, under the age of fourteen, were committed for crimes, arising out of drunkenness, during the last two years; and when we learn, from the same authority, that there are at present not less than 45,738 beer-shops in the country, well may we shudder at the awful system of demoralisation which is thus carrying on under the licence, and, so far at least, with the sanction, of government. Whytehead's Claims of Christian Philanthropy.
London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave-Maria Lane, St. Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town and Country.
PRINTED BY ROBSON, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
VOL. VII. No. 179.
AUGUST 17, 1839.
THE SAVIOUR'S ABODE WITH HIS PEOPLE.
OF THE UNITED
ALTHOUGH We can never expect to be blessed with the company of the Saviour in the same way as the disciples, the chosen companions of his earthly ministry, yet there is a sense in which each one of us may participate in the like blessed privilege. "Behold," says Jesus, "I stand at the door and knock; if any man hear my voice and open the door, I will come in to him, and sup with him, and he with me." Here he voluntarily offers to take up his abode with those who are ready to give him admittance. Although ascended up on high, he will condescend to enter the dwellings of every one desirous of his presence. And what a privilege is this, to know that he will take up his abode with so rebellious a creature as man! But how is this effected? The Holy Spirit is the agent employed upon this errand of mercy. In one of his last conversations with the disciples, Jesus encouraged them by the promise, "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever, even the Spirit of truth." And on another occasion he declared, "It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.' While on earth, Jesus instructed the disciples himself, as we find from his intercessory prayer: "While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name." But when he had accomplished his part in the scheme of man's redemption, then the task of rendering
VOL. VII. NO. CLXXIX.
CHURCH OF ENGLAND
PRICE 1 d.
the great sacrifice effectual, and of carrying on the work which he had commenced, was left to the Holy Spirit. The Father had devised the scheme for man's rescue; the Son carried that scheme into execution; and the Holy Ghost undertook to prosecute the great work thus begun. Hence, in the apostolic writings, we always find the Holy Ghost spoken of as abiding in the Church, both collectively and individually, overruling and directing every thing connected with the body of Christ. Thus St. Paul, when comparing the Jewish and Christian dispensations, and shewing the superiority of the latter, uses this expression, "How shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious?" that is, how much more glorious is that dispensation which is one of life, and under the guidance and superintendence of the Spirit of God, than that which was one of death, and written and engraven on stones! And the same apostle, when speaking of what he calls "the mystery of Christ," tells the Ephesians, that in other ages it was not made known unto the sons of men, "as it is now revealed unto the holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit." Here, then, in these two quotations, we find instances of the abiding of the Spirit in the Church collectively: and it is a wondrous thought, to consider that, although unseen by mortal eye, there yet remains in the Church, and pervading every part of it, this Divine Agent, ever ready to put forth his influences in any way that may be beneficial to the whole. But he abides also with us individually; and this is what we are at present more concerned with; "Know ye not," says St. Paul, "that your bodies are the temples of the Holy Ghost?" And again;
[London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lane.]
"But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you." And the same apostle writes-" But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." So numerous are the passages bearing upon this subject, that it would be easy to multiply them indefinitely; but those that have been brought forward are sufficient to shew that the Holy Spirit dwells in the hearts of individual Christians. Now, as there are three Persons in the unity of the Divine essence, and as they are nevertheless but one eternal and everlasting God, it follows, that what is said to be done by one Person, is, in a measure, also the act of the other two: so that when we are told that the Holy Spirit dwells in the heart, we at the same time know that the Son dwells there likewise. And thus, then, does he abide with us, and though not visible to sight, as he was to the disciples at Emmaus, yet it will most assuredly be found, when a welcome is given to his approach, that to such he will certainly "go in, and tarry with them."
Various are the happy results arising from the abiding of Jesus by his Spirit in the heart of man. Among others may be mentioned, the excitement of "a desire after holiness," and "the renewal of our corrupt nature." When the Holy Spirit really influences the soul, he produces in it a wish for conformity to the divine likeness. Naturally, we well know that this is not the case. Any other object, rather than that of the will of God, engages our attention. No man, unless his heart is renewed by the all-powerful influences of the Holy Ghost, can answer the description given by our Saviour of hungering and thirsting after righteousness. We desire the objects of worldly attraction, -the gains, the honours, and the amusements of time; but we have no power to set our affections on things above: we cannot walk by faith and not by sight; we cannot shake off the trammels of flesh and sense, and rise to the contemplation of heavenly things, and hold communion with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ. No natural powers, no high intellect, no extraordinary acquirements, can produce this; for we too frequently find men blessed with every advantage of this nature, total strangers to the character of true religion. This is a doctrine plainly declared by our Saviour, when he tells us, "Ye must be born again;" that is, we must be born with different feelings, and different desires, to those which we bring into the world with us at our natural birth. I stop not to inquire when the Holy Spirit is
infused into the soul, or by what means that is accomplished; I am only speaking of the general principle inculcated by Christ, and enforced by his apostles,-that a change of heart is necessary, and that it can only be produced by the influences of the Divine Spirit. When, then, a reception is given to the visits of the Comforter, and we grieve him not, it will be found that a desire after holiness and conformity to the character of God is produced: and whereas formerly the man had no wishes but those which are bounded by this present passing scene, he now possesses a taste for holier and more sublime gratifications, even those which engage the attention of the holy angels and of God himself. To be like God, is his most earnest desire; and he can enter into the sentiment of the Psalmist, when he said, "As the hart panteth after the water-brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God." To such an one sin will become a burden, from which he will desire to free himself, and, as it were, to shake it off from him; and by the influences of the Holy Spirit constantly granted, he will be enabled to subdue sin more and more, and continually to increase in holiness. For, let it be remarked, that the work of this Divine Agent is a gradual one; and as the world which we inhabit occupied the six days of creation before it was completed, so also is it with the regeneration of the soul: and therefore St. Paul speaks of being "changed into the same image, from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord." There are various degrees in the divine life; and perhaps there are but few Christians, comparatively, who can with sincerity express a wish with the apostles, "to depart and to be with Christ, which is far better." Such a state of mind is not easily attainable; and it is not usually till after years of walking with God, that men are brought to feel as St. Paul did. The highest standard, indeed, is that at which we ought to aim: and if the Holy Spirit is influencing our hearts to any saving purpose, we shall not be satisfied to remain stationary in the divine life; we shall daily aspire after a greater likeness to God; ever bearing in mind the precept of our Saviour, "Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect." But, at the same time, while we cannot fix our standard of perfection too high, let not any one despond, because he cannot as yet attain to that state of holiness which he sees to have been gained by others. If, I would say to such a person, you are striving against sin, and to keep down the corrupt propensities of your nature, in whatever those propensities may consistif you are endeavouring to follow the example
of your Saviour, however humbly, and at however great a distance,-then be assured that the Holy Spirit is truly abiding in your heart, and will, by degrees, subdue in you what is repugnant to God's holy will; and will carry you forward to that land of blessedness, where there will be no more sin, and where we shall be like Jesus; for we shall see him as he is. Such, then, is one happy result produced by the abode of the Holy Spirit in the heart.
with thirteen passengers and servants, making fortysix souls. They had experienced light and variable winds; and on the morning of the 27th September were in latitude nine degrees thirty minutes south, and seventy-six degrees east, with fine weather, having that morning found themselves in the south-east trades, to the steady course of which their eventual preservation is to be attributed.
NARRATIVE OF THE LOSS OF THE SHIP "ELDON" (CAPT. E. THEAKER),
Destroyed by fire in the Indian Ocean, Sept. 27th, 1834. BY DR. R. HARTLEY KENNEDY, Bombay Presidency.* THE inscrutable dispensations of Providence, by which our lives are checquered with such varieties of fortune, will no doubt have their full and sufficient explanation in another and a better world: the veil is not to be removed here, and we can only submit to whatever befalls us too happy if able to exercise those virtues which adorn human nature, and mingle with its infirmities some faint traces of its divine origin and its destined immortality.
The destruction of the ship Eldon by fire, in the midst of the Indian Ocean, at the tempestuous period of the equinox, and upwards of a thousand miles from the nearest attainable land, was a calamity which no ordinary foresight or care could have prevented. The singular preservation of every individual of the crew and passengers, of whom four were females, and one a child of five months, was almost a miraculous instance of what the human frame is capable of enduring, and also of what it is capable of performing, when aided by unbroken spirits, good sense, and firm virtuous determination to hope and work to the last. Under the mercy of God, it was solely accomplished by the exemplary conduct of every individual of the party; and the unshaken nerve, self-possession, and skill, of the worthy captain, an English sailor of the true British class-quiet, conciliatory, and kind to his men, when all was well; and firm, active, keen, intelligent, and not to be dispirited, when the occasion required unusual exertion. What might have occurred, had any single individual forgotten his duty, or had the excellent head been unequal to his, would be frightful to contemplate. Happily these evils were spared to the poor sufferers; and their eventful history conveys the instructive lesson of what may be performed by virtuous energy, struggling against all dangers, and overcoming all difficulties, even in their worst form and most strange combinations. It is indeed a lesson which should not be lost; it forms a bright passage in the delineation of character, and in the history of mind; and is au example and beacon for future sufferers, how to hope, and how to labour, that they may not only survive to recite another like history of energy and success, but may deserve and enjoy the approbation of their own consciences, and the admiration and applause of their friends and countrymen.
The Eldon, Captain Edward Theaker, sailed from Bombay on the 24th August, 1834, bound to the Cape of Good Hope and London. Her burden was rated under 600 tons admeasurement; but she was actually laden with nearly 1,000 tons of miscellaneous cargo, consisting of Bombay black-wood, ebony, gums, drugs, rice, and cotton: the heavy goods below, and the cottons above, piled up to touching the main-deck, and crowded to the utmost she could stow. Her crew consisted of the captain, three mates, the surgeon, and twenty-eight men and apprentices-total, thirty-three; • Extracted from the Canterbury Journal.
At four o'clock in the morning of the 27th Sept. the officer of the watch reported to the captain that faint lines of smoke were seen occasionally issuing from the fore-hatches; a discovery which does not appear to have occasioned the least apprehension of what was to be the result. A portion of the cotton had been embarked in a wet state, the Eldon having loaded in Bombay in the rains; and Captain Theaker appears to have at once adopted and acted on the impression, that it was merely a chemical process in the injured cotton, of damp-rot and self-combustion; and he had heard of such cases, in which the "affected bales" had been promptly discovered and thrown overboard.
The first tier of cotton bales which could be got up were perfectly clean and untouched, and were piled upon the decks; but during this process the smoke was increasing; and at half-past seven, Capt. Theaker sent to request Major Hart and the passengers to assemble on the quarter-deck, and made them acquainted with the situation of the cargo. No alarm whatever was expressed or felt; his appearance and manners were in no respects altered. A very laborious examination of the cargo was the worst that he apprehended; and his communication with the passengers was to prevent alarm, not to warn them of danger. So perfectly cool and collected were all parties, that they went to breakfast as quietly as usual; the men, however, were requested by the captain to make the most of the present opportunity, as they had a hard day's work before them, and many hours might elapse ere they could enjoy another "comfortable meal." He little dreamt of the prophetic truth of the warning, which his natural and usual kindness induced him to deliver as the men were proceeding to their food.
After breakfast the fore-hatches were opened, and the cotton removed with great expedition to the deck; but in about an hour and a half, the smoke, which from the first had continued rapidly increasing, became so dense, that the men could no longer work below, and the after-hatches were opened to permit its escape. At this period the captain crept in as far as was practicable, betwixt the bales and lading, in the direction where the smoke issued, and appears to have then first conjectured the extent of the mischief, and its possible consequences. All the hatches were closed down to prevent the current of air; a hole was cut through the deck near the main-mast, and water poured down; and orders were quietly given to prepare the boats, as a precautionary measure, should the worst befall them.
About twelve o'clock, when the boats were partly prepared, the captain resumed the now dangerous task of subduing the fire; the main hatch was first opened, which, on removing its cover of tarpaulin, was discovered to be lifted up four inches by the force of the steam. On approaching the fire in this direction, the extent to which it had proceeded, and the length of time it must have been in progress, were ascertained. On attempting to remove the burning bales of cotton, it was found that all the lashings were consumed, and any handling of them only increased the evil by shaking them loose; others again were totally burnt through, and were a mere mass of tinder, into which the men could thrust their arms unopposed. During this hour, the heat and smoke continued increasing, and the urgent duty of procuring provisions, water, and other necessaries for the boats, became a painful and hazardous labour. At one o'clock, the female passengers