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The Curiosities of Heraldry,” 25 indicate a Philosophy of Heraldry that has yet to be written. Like Philology, Zoology, Ethnology, and other sciences, it illustrates the sublime law of Development. Investigated in the spirit of Geology, combining the discovery of isolated facts with speculations as to their relation and common origin, it will render no small service in contributing to prove the connection of families and races up to remote and obscure periods, and thus throw a light on the history of mankind that might be obtained from no other source. The studies and tastes of the age happily tend to advance this kind of knowledge, and they could have received no grander homage than is presented in that magnificent temple of heraldry, the New Palace of Westminster.

25 The excellent and highly illustrated aboriginal inhabitants of the shores of the work of Mr. Lower, The Curiosities Baltic. Other barbarian races in the of Heraldry,' which enters more into same way may be traced to countries which the philosophy of the subject than any furnished the objects of their ensigns. other, contains a very interesting appen- “Among the North American Indians dix, illustrating the causes and modes symbols are employed for the purpose of of change in coat armour at early distinguishing their tribes. The Shawanese periods. But unfortunately for the doc- nation, for example, was originally divided trines enunciated in the body of the work, into twelve tribes, which were subdivided the heraldic genealogy of the Cobham into septs or clans, recognized by the family there given, completely contradicts appellation of the Bear, the Turtle, the them, and supports the views advanced in Eagle, &c. In some cases individnals, this essay. The arms there given were particularly the more eminent warriors, borne (though not so stated), it will formerly assumed similar devices, comappear, from critical examination of the memorative of their prowess. “ And this," document, assisted by a reference to the says Mr. Taylor, an American antiquary, Kentish historians, at the time of the Con- “is Indian heraldry.Gibbon considers quest, and for severalgenerations afterwards the Germans deseribed by Tacitus as unchanged. If not, the same singular coin- aborigines; this is doubtful, though their cidence will appear, or the same wonderful shields, by their absence of any devices ingenuity of the heralds must have been drawn from the animal kingdom, do not at work, as we have seen must characterise indicate their original seat. The rude the whole ancient blazonry of England and simplicity of their distinctions would imNormandy.

ply their inability to imitate, by drawing, * The Scandinavians came from the any expressive devices, and such plain east, as their heraldry indeed would prove, patterns on their shields were probably and moreover its extreme antiquity, for the earliest ornaments on their surface, the lion, which enters so largely into and common to all barbarians in the their blazonry, would be unknown to the infancy of their civilization.

LONDON : E. TUCKER, PRINTER, PERRY'S PLACE, OXFORD STREET.

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ITS

LORDS AND FAMILIES,

Ancient and Modern.

BY

WILLIAM SMITH ELLIS, ESQ.

(Reprinted from Vol. XI. of the Sussex Archæological Collections.)

LONDON:

JOHN RUSSELL SMITH, 36, SOHO SQUARE;

AND

THOMAS WELLS, HURSTPIERPOINT.

Price Eighteenpence.

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