« PreviousContinue »
kitchen with scullery and larder, and an outhouse of two stories, all covered with tiles in good repair, and on the south side, half a furlong from the house, is a spring of water, always continuing but slow, but with little charge may be carried to the house. The park is paled ; there have been impaled of the lord's demesnes within five years, 100 acres, called Broomfields, Danny Lands, and Bablands, wherein burrows for conies are now made. The parks are 21 miles in circumference, well covered with oak timber. The herbage by the year, besides feeding 300 head of deer. The pannage is worth in a mast year, £6. 138. 4d. In the park are 40 deer of antlers, 260 rascals [lean deer), and 40 couple of conies.”'I
The "fair mansion-house of timber”-for“ fair” it evidently must have been-was probably a hunting-seat built by one of the Dacres ; and, though not apparently from decay, but being unsuitable to the tastes and requirements of the new owner, was razed to the ground, and gave place, about 1595, to the present grander mansion, built of brick, and somewhat to the east of the old building, whose site is said to be marked by a difference in the verdure of the grass.
The Park of Danny was enclosed by the last Sir Simon de Pierpoint, who in 1355 received from the King a license, “includere boscum suum de Danehich et dominica sua vocata Danye in comitatu Sussexiæ, sic ei concessum per comitem Surriæ.
The builder of Danny, George Goring, Esq., of Ovingdean, was son of Sir William Goring, of Burton, Knight, and by Anne, daughter of Henry Denny, Esq., of Waltham, in Essex, had a son of the same name. This second George Goring was bred in the Court, under his father's care, one of Elizabeth's gentlemen pensioners, and was placed in the household of Henry Prince of Wales, by his father, James I., to whom he became a familiar companion, and by whom he was knighted in 1608. Buckingham prevailed on Charles I. to raise him to the peerage ; in 1629 he was created Lord Goring of Hurstpierpoint; and in 1645 was advanced to the dignity of EARL OF Norwich, which had then lately become extinct by the death without male issue of his maternal uncle, Edward Denny, the first and last of his name by whom the
1 Burrell MSS.
Cal. Rot. Pat, 28 Edward III.
title had been borne. He married Mary, daughter of Edward Neville, Baron Abergavenny, by whom he had a son, George Goring, whose strange exploits, eccentric genius, and eventful life, are fully narrated in Lodge's Portraits," which contains a portrait of his father. He died without issue in the lifetinje of the latter, whose death took place in 1662, when he was succeeded by his second son, Charles, who also dying without issue, with him the titles of Earl of Norwich and Baron Goring became extinct.
The extravagance of Colonel George Goring obliged his father, the Earl of Norwich, to mortgage his estate, and at length to sell it. Peter Courthope, Esq., of Cranbrook, in 1652, became the purchaser of Danny, together with the manors of Hurstpierpoint and Horndeane.
By whom or when the demesne lands, called Little Park, were first alienated does not appear ; but in 1644 this estate was sold by Sir William Juxon, of Little Compton, Gloucestershire, to Anne Swaine, of Hurstpierpoint, whose son, Richard Swaine, of Horsham, gentleman, 22 Car. II. disposed of it to Thomas Marchant, of Albourne, yeoman, in whose family it remained till recently, when it was purchased by Mr. C. Smith Hannington, of Hurstpierpoint and Brighton.
In the reign of Charles II., however, the manor, or a part of it, came into the possession of Sir John Shaw, of Eltham ; and the late Sir John Gregory Shaw, Bart., sold it at the end of the last century to the late William John Campion, Esq.
The purchaser of Danny Place was of a family long settled upon the confines of Kent and Sussex, of which numerous branches existed in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, although now, but one remains in those counties, that of George Campion Courthope, Esq., of Wyleigh, who resides in the mansion which he and his ancestors have occupied for three centuries and a half; anterior to this period (that on which they settled at Wyleigh) the family had long resided in the immediate neighbourhood, and so early as the reign of Edward I., Adam de Courthope, William de Courthope, and
An abridgment of his biography will be found in the History of Hurstpierpoint, before quoted.
Peter de Courthope, were amongst the principal inhabitants of the adjoining parish of Wadhurst.
The numerous branches of the family, originally settled at Cranbrook, have all become extinct in the male line, the last of them having been Alexander Courthope, Esq., of Sprivers in Horsmonden, who died in 1779, æt. 82.
A brother and great-uncle of the purchaser were both individuals of considerable note in the time at which they lived. James Courthope, his great-uncle, was Dean of Peterborough in the reign of Queen Mary, and is notorions for his connection with Bishop Bonner, in his persecution of the Protestants, although under Edward VI. he had been a great favourer of the Reformed Religion, the defender of Peter Martyr, and the friend of Jewell; his friendship with the latter eminent man must have continued after his forsaking the party which he at first upheld, for we are told that Jewell, when in Switzerland, dreamt that one of his grinding teeth fell out, and that on the morrow he told it to Peter Martyr, who said he would hear of the death of certain of his friends. Jewell noted the day and hour ; and from his next letter discovered that his friend and patron, Dr. Courthope, had died at the same hour in which he had dreamt the dream.
Nathaniel Courthope, brother of the purchaser, was amongst the earliest of those adventurous spirits who proceeded to India, as pioneers in the conquest of the vast empire now under the dominion of the English crown. In 1616, he left England as commander of two ships, the Swan and the Defence, established a factory in the Banda Islands, and gallantly held his position there in spite of every effort made by the Dutch to dislodge him, till slain in battle with these, his constant enemies, in October, 1620.2
| From Thomas Courthope, of Court- thope, of Whiligh and Leadenhall Street, hope in Goudhurst, third and youngest who was Commissioner of Alienations, son of the first settler at Wyleigh, de- and knighted at Whitehall 1641. This scended a branch resident at Wadhurst, Sir George had a son, another Sir George, from which branch is descended William who was also of Whiligh and Leadenhall Courthope, Esq., Somerset Herald, who Street, and was M.P. for Sussex and East indirectly has been a valuable contributor Grinstead at the Restoration. From him to the publications of this society, and descended, in unbroken lineal succession, has furnished these particulars and the six more George Courthopes, the present annexed pedigree of his family.
George C. Courthope, Esq., being the . This connection with India was proba- eighth of the name. His father, grandbly owing to his relative, Sir George Cour father, and great-grandfather, all married
The estate of Danny, at the time of its enjoyment by the Courthopes, shorn of the manor and advowson, and not comprehending many surrounding farms and contiguous properties, which by comparatively recent acquisitions have made it more compact and extensive, was again destined, after the lapse of about three quarters of a century, to pass into the possession of another family. Peter Courthope, Esq., grandson of the first proprietor, dying in 1724, at an advanced age, without male issue, his only surviving child and hieress, Barbara, carried his inheritance to her husband, Henry Cam. pion, Esq., of Comhwell, ancestor of the present proprietor, William John Campion, Esq.
This alliance was the occasion of the first introduction of the Campions into Sussex; though in the time of Charles I., as appears by the Subsidy Roll, a family of that name resided at Broadwater, probably an offset of that stock who were settled at Champions, or, as it is written in Budgen's Map of Sussex 1724, Campions, an estate in West Grinstead. The Campions of Danny had for some generations been seated at Combwell, in Kent, whence came Sir Henry Campion, his brother, the gallant Sir William Campion, who was slain at Colchester, and his son, Sir William Campion. The Campions of Combwell were a junior branch of the Campions of Campion's Hall, in Essex, which estate was carried by an heiress into the family of Mathew, of Stanstead, in Sussex.
The arms of the Campions of Combwell and Danny are Argent, on a chief gules an eagle displayed or ; which, though not the ancient arms of the family, must have been borne by them at least as far back as the time of Edward Campion, of Campion's Hall, in Essex, which would be at the end of the fifteenth century, as the Mathews' of Stanstead quarter that coat in the Visitation of Sussex. The ancient coat borne by them, as blazoned on the sepulchral monuments of the family in the Danny chancel, were Azure fretty argent, on a canton of the last a fleur-de-lis or ; but as depicted on Budgen's Map of Sussex, the fretty is charged with ermine spots, the arms of the Champaignes of Leicestershire being Ör fretty sable, on each joint a cross crosslet fitchée of the
first. For it must be observed a Campion of Danny. A conjecture as Courthopo will be found at page 87 of to the origin of the name and arms of Vol. VI. Susses Arch. Collections.