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to the whole world ; and this it speaks to thee. Its awful contents are thy personal concern, O reader! and thy conscience knows it. Far from continuing in all things that are written therein to do them, thou canst not but be sensible that "innumerable evils have encompassed thee about." Psalm x). 12. It is then manifest, thou art the man whom it condemns : thou art even now “cursed with a curse, as God emphatically speaks, (Mal. iii. 9.) with the curse of the Most High God; yea,
all the curses which are written in the book of the law” are pointed against thee. Deut. xxix. 20. God may righteously execute any of them upon thee in a moment; and though thou at present feelest none of them, yet, if infinite mercy do not prevent, it is but a little while, and they will “ come into thy bowels like water," till thou art burst asunder with them, and shall penetrate “like oil into thy bones.” Psalm cix. 18.
4. Thus saith the Lord, “The soul that sinneth, it shall die.” Ezek. xviii. 4. But thou hast sinned, and therefore thou art under a sentence of death. And, O unhappy creature, of what a death! What will the end of these things be? That the agonies of dissolving nature shall seize thee; and thy soul shall be torn away from thy languishing body, and thou "return to the dust from whence thou wast taken.” Psal. civ. 29. This is indeed one awful effect of sin. In these affecting characters has God, through all nations and all ages of men, written the awful register and memorial of his holy abhorrence of it, and righteous displeasure against it. But, alas ! all this solemn pomp and horror of dying is but the opening of the dreadful scene. It is a rough kind of stroke, by which the fetters are knocked off, when the criminal is led out to torture and execution.
5. Thus saith the Lord, “The wicked shall be turned into hell, even all the nations that forget God.” Psal. ix. 17. Though there be whole nations of them, their multitudes and their power shall be no defence to them. They shall be driven into hell together : into that flaming prison, which divine vengeance hath prepared : into “ Tophet, which is ordained of old, even for royal sinners,” as well as for others; so little can any human distinction protect !
“He hath made it deep and large : the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, shall kindle it;” (Isai. xxx. 33.) and the flaming torrent shall flow in upon it so fast, that it shall be turned into a sea of liquid fire; or, as the Scripture also expresses it, “a lake burning with fire and brimstone” for ever. Rev. xxi. 8. “ This is the second death ;" and the death to which thou, O sinner! by the word of God art doomed.
6. And shall this sentence stand upon record in vain? Shall the law speak it? and the Gospel speak it! And shall it never be pronounced more audibly? And will God never require and execute the punishment ? He will, O sinner ! require it, and he will execute it, though he may seem for à while to delay. For well dost thou know, that “he hath appointed a day in which he will judge the” whole “ world in righteousness, by that Man whom he hath ordained, of which he hath given assurance in having raised him from the dead.” Acts, xvii. 31. And when God judgeth the world, O reader! whoever thou art, he will judge thee. And while I remind thee of it, I would also remember that he will judge me. And “knowing the terror of the Lord,” (2 Cor. v. 11.) that I may
66 deliver my own soul,” (Ezek. xxxiii. 9.) I would, with all plainness and sincerity, labour to deliver thine.
7. I therefore repeat the solemn warning: Thou, O sinner! shalt “stand before the judgement-seat of Christ.” 2 Cor. v. 10. Thou shalt see that pompous appearance, the description of which is grown so familiar to thee, that the repetition of it makes no impression on thy mind. But surely, stupid as thou now art, the shrill trumpet of the arch-angel shall shake thy very soul; and if nothing else can awaken and alarm thee, the convulsions and flames of a dissolving world shall do it.
8. Dost thou really think, that the intent of Christ's final appearance is only to recover his people from the grave, and to raise them to glory and happiness ? Whatever assurance thou hast that there shall be 66 a resurrection of the just,” thou hast the same, that there shall also
a resurrection of the unjust :” (Acts, xxiv. 15.) that
" he shall separate” the rising dead “one from another, as a shepherd divideth the sheep from the goats,” (Matt. xxv. 32.) with equal certainty, and with infinitely greater
Or can you imagine, that he will only make an example of some flagrant and notorious sinners, when it is said, that “ all the dead,” both “small and great,” shall stand before God;" (Rev. xx. 12.) and that even “he who knew not his Master's will,” and consequently seems of all others to have had the fairest excuse for his omission to obey it, yet even “he," for that very omission, “shall be beaten,” though “ with fewer stripes ?” Luke, xii. 48. Or can you think that a sentence, to be delivered with so much pomp and majesty, a sentence by which the righteous judgement of God is to be revealed, and to have its most conspicuous and final triumph, will be inconsiderable, or the punishment to which it shall consign the sinner be slight or tolerable? There would have been little reason to apprehend that, even if we had been left barely to our own conjectures what that sentence should be. But this is far from being the case: our Lord Jesus Christ, in his infinite condescension and compassion, has been pleased to give us a copy of the sentence, and no doubt a most exact copy; and the words which contain it are worthy of being inscribed on every heart. “ The King,” amidst all the splendour and dignity in which he shall then appear, “ shall say unto those on his right hand, Come, ye
blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world !” Matt. xxv. 34. And “where the word of a king is, there is power” indeed. Eccles. viii. 4. And these words have a power, which may justly animate the heart of the humble Christian under the most overwhelming sorrow, and may fill him “ with joy unspeakable, and full of glory.” 1 Pet. i. 8. To be pronounced the blessed of the Lord ! to be called to a kingdom ! to the immediate, the everlasting inheritance of it; and of such a kingdom ! so well prepared, so glorious, so complete, so exquisitely fitted for the delight and entertainment of such creatures, so formed and so renewed, thạt it shall appear worthy the eternal counsels of God
to have contrived it, worthy his eternal love to have prepared it, and to have delighted himself with the views of bestowing it upon his people: behold a blessed hope indeed! a lively, glorious hope, to which we are “ begotten again by the resurrection of Christ from the dead," (1 Pet. i. 3.) and formed by the sanctifying influence of the Spirit of God upon our minds. But it is a hope from which thou, O sinner ! art at present excluded; and methinks that it might be grievous to reflect : “These gracious words shall Christ speak to some; to multitudes but not to me: on me there is no blessedness pronounced ; for me there is no kingdom prepared." But is that all? Alas! sinner, our Lord hath given thee a dreadful counterpart to this. He has told us what he will say to thee, if thou continuest what thou art: to thee, and all the nations of the impenitent and unbelieving world, be they ever so numerous, be the rank of particular criminals ever so great. He shall say to the “ kings of the earth,” who have been rebels against him, to the great and rich men, and the chief captains and the mighty men,” as well as to “every bondman and every freeman" of inferior rank, (Rev. vi. 15.) “Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.” Matt. xxv. 41. Oh! pause upon these weighty words, that thou mayest enter into something of the importance of them.
9. He will say, “Depart:" you shall be driven from his presence with disgrace and infamy : “ from him,” the source of life and blessedness, in a nearness to whom all the inhabitants of heaven continually rejoice; you shall “depart,” accursed: you have broken God's law, and its curse falls upon you; and you are and shall be under that curse, that abiding curse : from that day forward you
shall be regarded by God, and all his creatures, as an accursed and abominable thing, as the most detestable, and the most miserable part of the creation. You shall go “ into fire;" and, oh! consider into what fire! Is it merely into one fierce blaze which shall consume you in a moment, though with exquisite pain? That were terrible. But, oh! such
terrors are not to be named with these. Thine, sinner, “is everlasting fire." It is that which our Lord hath, in such awful terms, described as prevailing there," where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched ;” and then says a second time, “ where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched;" and again, in wonderful compassion, a third time, "where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched." Mark, ix. 44, 46, 48. Nor was it originally prepared, or principally intended for you : it was “prepared for the devil and his angels :" for those first grand rebels, who were immediately upon their fall doomed to it; and since you have taken part with them in their apostacy, you must sink with them into that flaming ruin ; and sink so much the deeper, as you have despised the Saviour, who was never offered to them. These must be your companions, and your tormentors, with whom you must dwell for ever. And is it I that
this? or says not the law and the Gospel the same? Does not the Lord Jesus Christ expressly say, who is the “faithful and true witness,” (Rev. iii. 14.) even he who himself is to pronounce the sentence?
10. And when it is thus pronounced, and pronounced by him, shall it not also be executed ? Who could imagine the contrary? Who could imagine there should be all this pompous declaration to fill the mind only with vain terror, and that this sentence should vanish into smoke? You may easily apprehend that this would be a greater reproach to the Divine administration, than if sentence were never to be passed. And therefore we might easily have inferred the execution of it, from the process of the preceding judge. ment. But lest the treacherous heart of a sinner should deceive him with so vain a hope, the assurance of that execution is immediately added in very memorable terms. It shall be done : it shall immediately be done. Then, on that very day, while the sound of it is yet in their ears, * the wicked shall go away into everlasting punishment ;" (Matt. xxv. 46.) and thou, O reader ! whoever thou art, being found in their number, shalt go away with them ; shalt be driven on among all these wretched multitudes,