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George Jugustus Mushbach was born in Sussex county, New Jersey, in January, 1850, and died in the city of Alexandria on December 27, 1901.

He came of a distinguished line of ancestors, many of whom held important positions of trust in their State.

He was a grandson of the late Senator Edsall, of New Jersey, who formerly owned a fine estate near Alexandria, known as “Edsall's Hill.”

Having received an excellent education at Rutger's College, he came, when about seventeen years of age, with his mother, a brother and a sister, to Alexandria to reside.

Ile was always most loyal to Virginia, his chosen home, and no native son has ever cherished the glorious history of this old Commonwealth more zealously, or with more pride. than he, and few have been more ready at all times to serve Virginia, even though the rendition of the service caused pecuniary loss to him.

Shortly after his arrival in Alexandria he began the study of law in the office of the late Francis L. Smith, who for many years was one of the ablest members of the Bar of this State, and from the commencement of his studies, Mr. Mushbach showed a remarkable aptitude for his chosen profession and proved himself a pupil worthy of his distinguished instructor.

He was admitted to practice at the threshold of manhood, and soon became one of the leaders of the Bar of Northern Virginia, and few attorneys in that section of this State have enjoyed a wider or more lucrative practice than he did for many years; he formed a partnership with the late M. D. Ball, and subsequently with the late C. W. Wattles, and after the death of the latter he practiced alone.

His mind seemed to be naturally adapted to the solution of legal questions, and although he was peculiarly gifted as a speaker, he never depended on his oratorical abilities in the

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trial of a cause, but was always thoroughly prepared to discuss and sustain by authorities any question which arose during the trial, thus showing the most painstaking and accurate preparation of his case.

He was an unusually handsome man, and his fine voice and appearance, combined with his great legal ability, made him a dangerous opponent to any member of any Bar. .

In the course of his practice he was opposed in many important cases by some of the ablest attorneys in this and other States, and it was always conceded that either before the court cr jury he was a foeman worthy of their steel.

He was never known to take an unfair advantage of an opposing attorney, and no member of the Bar observed more strictly the code of legal ethics or practiced law on a higher plan.

Mr. Mushbach took a most active interest in public affairs from the time he attained his majority, and early in the seventies he was elected a member of the City Council of Alexandria, in which position he served his ward most acceptably for many years.

In 1877 he was elected a member of the House of Delegates of this State, where he served the city and county of Alexandria for several terms. He was afterwards chosen to represent the city and county of Alexandria, the county of Fairfax and the county of Prince William, in the State Senate.

As a legislator he became widely and favorably known, and both in the House and Senate he was recognized as a leader; as a parliamentarian and as a debater he had few equals, and he took a prominent part in the leading debates in both branches of the State Legislature while serving his constituents therein.

But it was probably as a political speaker that Mr. Mushbach's great abilities as an orator and a debater became most generally known, and this, too, when he was but twenty-nine years of age.

In the campaign between the Readjusters and the Conservatives, he was regarded as one of the ablest of the many able speakers for the latter, and in joint debates with such well


known and able stump speakers as ex-Governor Cameron, the late Judge Paul and the late John E. Massey, Mr. Mushbach, according to the verdict of impartial judges, fully held his own.

Ile was, too, a man of great executive ability, which he displayed in making the Alexandria Light Infantry, of which he was captain for ten years or more, one of the best drilled and most efficient military organizations in the South.

Under his command this company received many prizes in competitive drills, having been awarded first prize in the State drills at Lynchburg on August 7, 1884; second prize at Richmond on October 24th of the same year; first prize at Lynchburg on October 15, 1885; first prize at Richmond on October 20, 1886, and second prize at Richmond the following year; in 1887 they also received a prize at the International Drilling Contest, at Philadelphia.

At the time that Mr. Mushbach was elected captain of this company, in the latter part of 1882, or early in 1883, he knew absolutely nothing of military affairs, never having attended a military school and never having been a member of a military organization. The above mentioned successes of his company are good illustrations of the indomitable energy of the man, as well as of his studious nature, tactics having been mastered by him at odd moments during busy days, and, we are informed by one of his former lieutenants, that a company of blocks, which he always kept in his office desk, were used by him in working out the most difficult maneuvers.

In December, 1886, Captain Mushbach married Miss Eva B. Gwynn, the handsome and accomplished daughter of the late Bennett F. Gwynn, of Baltimore, and his devotion to his wife from the date of their marriage to the day of his death served well to illustrate that "the bravest are the tenderest, the loving are the daring."

Although not a member of any religious denomination, he was never a scoffer at the beliefs or opinions of others, and he despised insincerity and hypocrisy above all things.

He was beloved by high and low, by rich and poor alike, and although it is true that few men are so gifted as was Captain

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