Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages with Special Reference to the Aegean
This pioneering work revises our notions of the origins and early development of textiles in Europe and the Near East. Using innovative linguistic techniques, along with methods from palaeobiology and other fields, it shows that spinning and pattern weaving began far earlier than has been supposed.
Prehistoric Textiles made an unsurpassed leap in the social and cultural understanding of textiles in humankind's early history. Cloth making was an industry that consumed more time and effort, and was more culturally significant to prehistoric cultures, than anyone assumed before the book's publication. The textile industry is in fact older than pottery--and perhaps even older than agriculture and stockbreeding. It probably consumed far more hours of labor per year, in temperate climates, than did pottery and food production put together. And this work was done primarily by women. Up until the Industrial Revolution, and into this century in many peasant societies, women spent every available moment spinning, weaving, and sewing.
The author, Elizabeth Wayland Barber, demonstrates command of an almost unbelievably disparate array of disciplines--from historical linguistics to archaeology and paleobiology, from art history to the practical art of weaving. Her passionate interest in the subject matter leaps out on every page. Barber, a professor of linguistics and archaeology, developed expert sewing and weaving skills as a small girl under her mother's tutelage. One could say she had been born and raised to write this book.
Because modern textiles are almost entirely made by machines, we have difficulty appreciating how time-consuming and important the premodern textile industry was. This book opens our eyes to this crucial area of prehistoric human culture.
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The Domestication of Fibers
Nettle and Other Bast Fibers
Other Hair Fibers
Germany Holland and Britain
7 The Textile Weaves 4 The Iron Age
Greece Anatolia and the Steppes
The Textile Weaves 5 As Overall View
Felt and Felting
The Archaeolinguistics of Hemp
Spinning Drafting and Splicing
The Evidence for Spindles and Whorls
Looms and Weaving
The WarpWeighted Loom
The Vertical TwoBeam Loom
The Textile Weaves 1 The Beginning
The Textile Weaves 2 Egypt
The Later 18th Dynasty Techniques
The Textile Weaves 3 The Bronze Age
Anatolia the Caucasus and the Aegean
Italy France and Spain
Introduction to Part II
The Weight Chase
Minoans Mycenaeans and Keftiu
The Loom Weights Data Table and Its Bibliography for Chapter 3
The Hollow Whorls List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 14
Aegean Representations of Cloth List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 15
Egyptian Tomba with Aegean Data List and Its Bibliography for Chapter 15