Naturalistic Decision Making
L. Erlbaum Associates, 1997 - Psychology - 414 pages
If you aren't using the term naturalistic decision making, or NDM, you soon will be. Even as a very young field, NDM has already had far-reaching applications in areas as diverse as management, aviation, health care, nuclear power, military command and control, corporate teamwork, and manufacturing.
Put simply, NDM is the way people use their experience to make decisions in the context of a job or task. Of particular interest to NDM researchers are the effects of high-stake consequences, shifting goals, incomplete information, time pressure, uncertainty, and other conditions that are present in most of today's work places and that add to the complexity of decision making. Applications of NDM research findings target decision aids and training that help people in their decision-making processes.
This book reports the findings of top NDM researchers, as well as many of their current applications. In addition, the book offers a historical perspective on the emergence of this new paradigm, describes recent theoretical and methodological advancements, and points to future developments. It was written for people interested in decision making research and applications relative to a diverse array of work settings and products such as human-computer interfaces, decision support systems, individual and team training, product designs, and organizational development and planning.
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Intuitive Deliberative and Calculative Models of Expert Performance
Naturalistic Decision Making and Related Research Lines
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able action activities aids alternative analysis applications approach assessment associated attention automated aviation behavior better chapter cognitive command communication complex concepts concerns considered consistent context course of action crews critical cues decision makers decision-making described discussion domain effective environment errors evaluation example experienced expert expertise factors field findings flight framework function goals human identify important individual involved issues Klein knowledge learning means measures memory mental models methods naturalistic decision nature NDM research novices observed officers operators options Orasanu outcomes performance perspective pilots possible practice presented problem procedures questions reasoning reported requirements response rules scenarios selection simulation situation awareness skills specific strategies structure subjects suggest tactical task testing theory traditional types understanding University volume Zsambok