Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation: Its First Fifty Years, Plus Three: A Monograph
Tate Publishing, 2008 - 110 pages
Greek physicians knew that electricity healed, so they applied electric fish to their patients. In Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Its First Fifty Years, Plus Three, Dr. Ray Smith shows that modern physicians also know that electricity heals. The first meta-analytic summary of the majority of studies of cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES)a non-drug treatment of micro pulses of electricity applied across the head treating anxiety, depression and insomnia, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation is a staple for physicians contemplating the use CES in their practice, or for patients investigating the uses of CES."
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About the Author
18 Clinician’s Rating 50 Blind 60 Self Rating 75 Blind Abuse a r correlation scores Abuse Scale Double adaptogen analysis Anxiety Studies Blind Abuse Scale Blind Scale Double body brain chronic stress Clinical Outpatients Open Clinical Rating Scales Clinician’s Rating cognitive confusion Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation cytokine device dopamine Double Blind drug abstinence syndrome effect-size endorphin Fibromyalgia 60 fibromyalgia patients function Insomnia McLean Hospital Measure Usedb Reference mechanism of action meta-analysis monograph neurons norepinephrine normal nucleus accumbens Outpatients Scale Double overall percentage improvement percent improvement scores Physiological Measure placebo effect Poly Substance presenting syndrome Profile of Mood protocol Psychological Tests published reliability Rating Scales Double REPORTED ABOVE Grand representing percent improvement response Single Blind single blind study Sleep Studies statistician’s basic estimate study design Study Zr Presenting Substance 60 SUMMARY symptoms synchronicity Table three weeks treated patients treatment Discussion vesicles Zr scores